[1]马 琪,王梓柔,赵永宏.西安市“三生空间”时空格局演化与功能测度[J].山地学报,2021,(5):722-733.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000633)]
 MA Qi,WANG Zirou,ZHAO Yonghong.Evolution of Spatial-Temporal Pattern and Functional Measurement of “Production-Living-Ecological” Space in Xi'an, China[J].Mountain Research,2021,(5):722-733.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000633)]
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西安市“三生空间”时空格局演化与功能测度
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2021年第5期
页码:
722-733
栏目:
山区发展
出版日期:
2021-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Evolution of Spatial-Temporal Pattern and Functional Measurement of “Production-Living-Ecological” Space in Xi'an, China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2021)5-722-12
作者:
马 琪王梓柔赵永宏
西安外国语大学 旅游学院·人文地理研究所,西安 710128
Author(s):
MA Qi WANG Zirou ZHAO Yonghong
School of Tourism & Research Institute of Human Geography, Xi'an International Studies University, Xi'an 710128, China
关键词:
三生空间 时空格局 功能指数 地理探测器 西安市
分类号:
K909
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000633)
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
“三生空间”是主体功能区战略实施、国土空间开发保护新格局构建的重要基础。现有研究多关注土地用途转变,对长时间序列“三生空间”演化及其功能分异影响研究薄弱,难以全面揭示不同时期城市土地功能系统变化的复杂性。本文以西安市为研究对象,利用1980年、1990年、2000年、2005年、2010年、2015年六期Landsat TM/ETM以及Landsat8遥感影像解译的土地利用数据,通过GIS空间分析方法对1980—2015年西安市“三生空间”时空格局演化及功能指数进行分析和测度,利用地理探测器从自然条件、区位条件、社会经济以及区域政策4个方面对“三生空间”功能水平分异的影响因素进行分析。结果表明:(1)1980—2015年,西安市“三生空间”变化整体表现出平原区剧烈、山区稳定的特点; 生活空间呈现集聚扩张态势,生产和生态空间被大量侵食缩减。(2)“三生空间”功能指数变化与“山区—山麓—平原”主体功能开发力度契合,中心城区外围是功能指数负增长的集中区域,秦岭山地功能指数始终保持在高水平稳定状态。(3)西安市“三生空间”功能水平分异是自然和社会经济综合作用的结果,不同维度因子交互作用较单因子影响力更加显著,而植被覆盖度、地形起伏度和坡度因子等自然条件是“三生空间”功能水平分异的基底条件。研究结果可为西安市不同主体功能区生产、生活、生态空间的优化布局,为构建国土空间开发保护新格局提供决策参考。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2020-11-19; 改回日期(Accepted date):2021-09-26
基金项目(Foundation item):陕西省教育厅科研计划项目(20JK0315); 西安外国语大学校级科研项目(19XWC15)。[Scientific Research Program Funded by Shaanxi Provincial Education Department(20JK0315); Research Funds of Xi' an International Studies University(19XWC15)]
作者简介(Biography):马琪(1987-),男,陕西榆林人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向:土地利用变化与区域发展。[MA Qi(1987-), male, born in Yulin, Shaanxi province, Ph.D., lecturer, research on land use change and regional development] E-mail: maqi86@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-09-30