[1]王永明,王美霞*.武陵山片区县域相对贫困的时空演化与驱动因素[J].山地学报,2021,(4):576-586.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000621]
 WANG Yongming,WANG Meixia*.The Temporal-Spatial Evolution and Driving Factors of Relative Poverty in the Wuling Mountainous Area, China[J].Mountain Research,2021,(4):576-586.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000621]
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武陵山片区县域相对贫困的时空演化与驱动因素()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2021年第4期
页码:
576-586
栏目:
山区发展
出版日期:
2021-07-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Temporal-Spatial Evolution and Driving Factors of Relative Poverty in the Wuling Mountainous Area, China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2021)4-576-11
作者:
王永明1王美霞2*
1. 湖南师范大学 旅游学院,长沙 410081; 2. 湖南财政经济学院 人文与艺术学院,长沙410205
Author(s):
WANG Yongming1 WANG Meixia2*
1. College of Tourism, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China; 2. College of Arts and Humanities, Hunan University of Finance and Economics, Changsha 410205, China
关键词:
相对贫困 时空格局 贫困距离指数 SARAR模型 武陵山片区
分类号:
K902
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000621
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
随着中国农村绝对贫困的消除,扶贫主题转向缓解相对贫困。然而目前对集中连片特困区域相对贫困的测度、时空格局演化及驱动因素研究较为薄弱,例如,对县域层面上相对贫困的测度、时空格局的研究相对较少,对贫困空间分异影响因素效应的时间变异性关注有待提升; 在影响因素定量识别的模型选择方面,缺少同时控制空间滞后效应和空间误差效应的模型,使得模型估计效果不佳。本文以武陵山片区为研究区,利用FGT指数、贫困距离指数、SARAR模型等揭示了2001—2018 年武陵山片区县域相对贫困的时空演化特征及其驱动因素。结果表明:(1)片区县域相对贫困发生率平均为69.6%,其变动态势可分为波动、平稳和逐渐下降三个阶段,县域相对贫困的广度较高,相对贫困深度先缓慢增加后缓慢下降,相对贫困强度低且年际变化小;(2)不同等级相对贫困县域的空间分布格局变化特征不同,不同时期内不同贫困等级县域的转移格局也不同;(3)第一产业增加值占GDP比重、人均财政支出、人均固定资产投资、人均GDP、地形起伏度、空间效应等因素对县域相对贫困空间差异有影响,并且不同因素的影响效应随着时间变迁呈现不同的模式,包括持久模式、“U”型模式、衰减模式等,这些时空变异的因素共同驱动着县域相对贫困时空格局的演变。本研究将丰富已有区域相对贫困研究成果,并为新时期国家乡村振兴实践提供参考。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2021-03-19; 改回日期(Accepted date):2021-07-26
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金(41761023; 41761029)。[National Natural Science Foundation of China(41761023; 41761029)]
作者简介(Biography):王永明(1984-),男,安徽阜阳人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向:贫困地理、旅游经济地理。 [WANG Yongming(1984-), male, born in Fuyang, Anhui province, Ph.D., associate professor, research on poverty geography and tourism economic geography] E-mail: wym85727@163.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):王美霞(1984-),女,博士,讲师,主要研究方向:贫困地理、旅游经济。[WANG Meixia(1984-), female, Ph.D., lecturer, research on poverty geography and tourism economics] E-mail:2008wangmx@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-07-30