[1]徐凌星,杨德伟*,刘丹丹,等.青藏高原生态系统服务的时空分布特征与供需关系[J].山地学报,2020,(4):483-494.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000527]
 XU Lingxing,YANG Dewei,et al.Spatiotemporal Distribution Characteristics and Supply-Demand Relationships of Ecosystem Services on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(4):483-494.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000527]
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青藏高原生态系统服务的时空分布特征与供需关系()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年第4期
页码:
483-494
栏目:
山地环境
出版日期:
2020-09-27

文章信息/Info

Title:
Spatiotemporal Distribution Characteristics and Supply-Demand Relationships of Ecosystem Services on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)4-483-12
作者:
徐凌星12杨德伟13*刘丹丹4林浩曦256
1.中国科学院城市环境研究所 城市环境与健康重点实验室,福建 厦门 361021; 2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049; 3.西南大学 地理科学学院,重庆 400715; 4.华侨大学 旅游学院,福建 泉州 362021; 5.中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101; 6.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
Author(s):
XU Lingxing1 2YANG Dewei1 3*LIU Dandan4LIN Haoxi256
1. Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, Fujian,China; 2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3. College of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China; 4. College of Tourism, Huaqiao University, Quanzhou 362021, Fujian, China; 5. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; 6. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
关键词:
生态系统服务 供需关系 时空格局 青藏高原
分类号:
X144; X821
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000527
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
当前,全球气候变化与人类活动正在影响和改变着高寒脆弱的青藏高原生态系统。本文以生态系统服务为切入点,通过构建服务供需关系测度模型,并运用相关分析、热点探测等空间分析手段,揭示1995—2015年间青藏高原生态系统服务供给分布、需求分布和供需关系的时空特征。结果表明:(1)高原生态系统服务供给水平自东南向西北方向减少,一直到西北边缘再急剧上升。2005年前,供给变化以稳定和上升为主,2005后,供给变化以波动和下降为主。(2)高原西北边缘、东缘、南部的中心城镇为生态系统服务需求高水平地区,高原北部、腹地及藏东南地区为服务需求低值区。高原北部和腹地的需求水平保持稳定,东部需求水平上升明显。(3)高原南部为典型的服务供需盈余区,高原东缘和西北边缘为典型的服务供需赤字区,高原北部和腹地集中分布着服务供需相对均衡区,在时间变化上表现出供需赤字区域略有缩减、供需盈余面积下降的特征。研究可为地球“第三极”的生态系统管理和可持续发展规划决策提供理论参考。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2019-05-12; 改回日期(Accepted date):2020-04-10
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金项目(41690142)。[National Natural Science Foundation of China(41690142)]
作者简介(Biography):徐凌星(1995-),女,福建宁德人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向:生态系统服务。 [XU Lingxing(1995-), female, born in Ningde, Fujian province, M.Sc. candidate, research on ecosystem services] E-mail: lxxu@iue.ac.cn
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):杨德伟(1978-),男,教授,主要研究方向:地理-社会-生态过程与可持续性科学。[YANG Dewei(1978-), male, Ph.D., professor, specialized in geo-socio-ecological processes and sustainability science] E-mail: younglansing@gmail.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-07-30