[1]曹艺凡,杨 春,王 旭.重庆市乡村生态系统健康时空格局演化及规划调控研究[J].山地学报,2022,(6):902-918.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000722]
 CAO Yifan,YANG Chun,WANG Xu.Spatial-Temporal Evolution of Rural Ecosystem Health in Chongqing, China and Associated Planning Regulation[J].Mountain Research,2022,(6):902-918.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000722]
点击复制

重庆市乡村生态系统健康时空格局演化及规划调控研究()
分享到:

《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2022年第6期
页码:
902-918
栏目:
山区发展
出版日期:
2022-12-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Spatial-Temporal Evolution of Rural Ecosystem Health in Chongqing, China and Associated Planning Regulation
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2022)6-902-17
作者:
曹艺凡1杨 春2王 旭2
(1.重庆建筑科技职业学院,重庆 400030; 2.重庆大学 建筑城规学院,重庆 400030)
Author(s):
CAO Yifan1 YANG Chun2 WANG Xu2
(1. Chongqing College of Architecture and Technology, Chongqing 400030, China; 2. Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning,Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China)
关键词:
乡村生态系统健康 时空格局 规划调控 重庆市
Keywords:
rural ecosystem health spatiotemporal pattern planning regulation Chongqing
分类号:
F301
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000722
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
乡村生态系统健康是衡量乡村各组成要素及系统受损程度或稳定状态的有效度量指标,体现了以“人”为核心和以“资源、环境、经济和社会”为基础的乡村各系统间相互影响与作用的互动制衡关系,是乡村可持续发展的基本保障。当前区域生态系统健康评价多侧重于生态系统的自然状态或外部干扰的单一测量,缺乏对社会-经济复合维度的人类生态学关注。本研究从社会-经济-自然复合生态系统角度构建了整合生态完整性的乡村生态系统健康评价框架,并结合可持续发展SDGs17目标提出一套接轨国际的乡村生态系统健康评价指标,以重庆市为例,定量揭示重庆市36区县2000—2018年时空分异特征。结果表明:(1)重庆市乡村生态系统健康在2000—2018年呈现“先平缓波动增长,后快速上升”的两阶段时序演化特征,综合水平维持在0.275~0.874。乡村社会子系统和乡村资源子系统对综合水平贡献率最大,分别为30.51%和27.36%;(2)2018年重庆市36区县乡村生态系统健康总体呈现“一核两翼”的空间分异特征,由渝东北、渝西片区向主城片区、渝东南片区逐渐增强;(3)根据主导要素法将重庆市乡村生态系统健康空间类型划分为疾病、不健康、亚健康和健康四大类九中类,并按照“分级分类-重点分析-因地制宜-短板补齐”原则针对渝东北、渝东南、渝西和主城区制定了差异化规划调控建议。本研究丰富了区域生态系统健康评价知识体系,也为重庆及其他类似地区乡村可持续发展和生态环境保护提供了参考。
Abstract:
Rural ecosystem health(REH)serves as a system of quality metrics to be used to assess the damage degree or stability state of a rural ecosystem as well as its components. REH are usually specialized by the subject area, in which the interactive checks and mutual balances of each ecosystem component, related to the close connections between resources, environment, economy, society, and people, govern a sustainable development of a rural community. On a regional scale, past ecosystem health assessments were performed mainly on a single ecosystem indicator in a natural state or under external disturbances, but did not involve in human ecology from economic-social composite dimension. In this study, an improved rural ecosystem health assessment framework was constructed by inclusion of ecological integration in all aspects of social, economy, nature. It introduced a system of quality metrics of REH in terms of international standards SDGs17 to quantitatively assess spatio-temporal heterogeneity of 36 districts and counties of Chongqing, China from 2000 to 2018. The results show that:(1)The rural ecosystem health of Chongqing showed a two-stage sequential evolution of “slowly grew at first, then rapidly rose”, and varied between 0.275 and 0.874 from 2000 to 2018. Among them, the rural social subsystem(30.51%)and the rural resource subsystem(27.36%)contributed the most to the comprehensive level.(2)In 2018, the rural ecosystem health of 36 districts and counties of Chongqing generally presented a spatial heterogeneity of “one core and two wings”, which gradually strengthened from northeastern and western Chongqing to metropolitan areas and southeastern Chongqing.(3)The spatial types of rural ecosystem health of Chongqing were divided into four levels and nine sub-levels categories including disease, unhealthy, sub-healthy and healthy according to the dominant factor method, and different planning and regulation proposals were then formulated for northeastern Chongqing, southeastern Chongqing, western Chongqing, and metropolitan areas on principle of making classification and grading, conducting key analysis, selecting adapting measures for the local conditions, and making up for shortcomings. The results provide a meaningful reference for sustainable development of rural areas in Chongqing and other similar cities, and can be applied to eco-environmental protection andrestoration.

参考文献/References:

[1] 龙花楼. 论土地整治与乡村空间重构[J]. 地理学报, 2013, 68(8):1019-1028. [LONG Hualou. Land consolidation and rural spatial restructuring [J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2013, 68(8): 1019-1028]
[2] 王成,何焱洲. 重庆市乡村生产空间系统脆弱性时空分异与差异化调控[J]. 地理学报, 2020, 75(8):1680-1698. [WANG Cheng, HE Yanzhou. Spatio-temporal differentiation and differentiated regulation of the vulnerability of rural production space system in Chongqing [J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2020, 75(8): 1680-1698] DOI: 10.11821/dlxb202008009
[3] COSTANZA R, MAGEAU M. What is a healthy ecosystem? [J]. Aquatic Ecology, 1999, 33(1):105-115.
[4] 李强, 李武艳, 赵烨, 等. 农村生态系统健康的基本内涵及评价体系探索[J]. 生态环境学报, 2009, 18(4):1604-1608. [LI Qiang, LI Wuyan, ZHAO Ye, et al. Exploration on the basic connotation and evaluation system of rural ecosystem health [J]. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2009, 18(4):1604-1608] DOI: 10.16258/j.cnki.1674-5906.2009.04.047
[5] RAPPORT D J, COSTANZA R, MCMICHAEL A J. Assessing ecosystem health [J]. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 1998, 13(10): 397-402.
[6] ODUM E P, FINN J T, FRANZ E H. Perturbation theory and the subsidy-stress gradient [J]. Bioscience, 1979, 29(6): 349-352.
[7] MAGEAU M T, COSTANZA R, ULANOWICZ R E. The development and initial testing of a quantitative assessment of ecosystem health [J]. Ecosystem Health, 1995, 1(4): 201-213.
[8] PAN Zhenzhen, HE Jianhua, LIU Dianfeng, et al. Ecosystem health assessment based on ecological integrity and ecosystem services demand in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, China [J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2021, 774: 144837. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.114837
[9] COSTANZA R. Ecosystem health and ecological engineering [J]. Ecological Engineering, 2012, 45: 24-29. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2012.03.023
[10] LI Weijie, WANG Yong, XIE Shiyou, et al. Coupling coordination analysis and spatiotemporal heterogeneity between urbanization and ecosystem health in Chongqing municipality, China [J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2021, 791: 148311. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148311
[11] NERI A C, DUPIN P, SANCHEZ L E. A pressure-state-response approach to cumulative impact assessment [J]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2016, 126: 288-298. DOI: 10.1016/j. jclepro.2016.02.134
[12] STYERS D M, CHAPPELKA A H, MARZEN L J, et al. Developing a land-cover classification to select indicators of forest ecosystem health in a rapidly urbanizing landscape [J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2010, 94(3): 158-165. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2009.09.006
[13] NIEKERK L V, ADAMS J B, BATE G C, et al. Country-wide assessment of estuary health: An approach for integrating pressures and ecosystem response in a data limited environment [J]. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2013, 130: 239-251. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2013.05.006
[14] 叶春, 李春华, 王秋光, 等. 大堤型湖滨带生态系统健康状态驱动因子—以太湖为例[J]. 生态学报, 2012, 32(12):3681-3690.[YE Chun, LI Chunhua, WANG Qiuguang, et al. Driving forces analysis for ecosystem health status of littoral zone with dikes: A case study of Lake Taihu [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2012, 32(12):3681-3690] DOI: 10.5846/stxb201201180111
[15] MENG Lingran, HUANG Jiu, DONG Jihong. Assessment of rural ecosystem health and type classification in Jiangsu province, China [J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 615: 1218-1228. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.09.312
[16] ZHAO Run, SHAO Chaofeng, HE Rong. Spatiotemporal evolution of ecosystem health of China's provinces based on SDGs [J]. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2021, 18: 10569. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph182010569
[17] RAPPORT D J, COSTANZR R, MCMICHAEL A J. Assessing ecosystem health[J]. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 1999, 13(10): 397-402.
[18] 周秋文, 苏维词, 张婕, 等. 农村聚落生态系统健康评价初探[J]. 水土保持研究, 2009, 16(5):121-126. [ZHOU Qiuwen, SU Weici, ZHANG Jie, et al. Preliminary research on ecosystem health assessment of the rural habitat [J]. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2009, 16(5):121-126]
[19] 祁帆, 李晴新, 朱琳. 海洋生态系统健康评价研究进展[J]. 海洋通报, 2007, 26(3): 97-104. [QI Fan, LI Qingxin, ZHU Lin. Assessment method of marine ecosystem health [J]. Marine Science Bulletin, 2007, 26(3): 97-104]
[20] 赵臻彦, 徐福留, 詹巍, 等. 湖泊生态系统健康定量评价方法[J]. 生态学报, 2005, 25(6): 1466-1473. [ZHAO Zhenyan, XU Fuliu, ZHAN Wei, et al. A quantitative method for assessing lake ecosystem health [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2005, 25(6): 1466-1473]
[21] 王立新, 刘钟龄, 刘华民, 等. 内蒙古典型草原生态系统健康评价[J]. 生态学报, 2008, 28(2): 544-550. [WANG Lixin, LIU Zhongling, LIU Huamin, et al. Assessment of typical steppe ecosystem health in Inner Mongolia [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2008, 28(2): 544-550]
[22] 蒋卫国, 李京, 李加洪, 等. 辽河三角洲湿地生态系统健康评价[J]. 生态学报, 2005, 25(3): 408-414. [JIANG Weiguo, LI Jing, LI Jiahong. et al. Assessment of wetland ecosystem health in the Liaohe River Delta [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2005, 25(3): 408-414]
[23] 谢花林, 李波, 王传胜, 等. 西部地区农业生态系统健康评价[J]. 生态学报, 2005, 25(11): 3028-3036. [XIE Hualin, LI Bo, WANG Chuansheng, et al. Agroecosystem health assessment in western China [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2005, 25(11): 3028-3036]
[24] MOONEN A C, BARBERI P. Functional biodiversity: An agroecosystem approach [J]. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 2008, 127: 7-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2008.02.013
[25] 重庆市统计局. 重庆统计年鉴(2000—2018)[EB/OL]. [2022-05-15]. http://tjj.cq.gov.cn/zwgk_233/tjnj/ [Chongqing Municipal Bureau of Statistics. Chongqing statistical yearbook(2000—2018)[EB/OL]. [2022-05-15]. http://tjj.cq.gov.cn/zwgk_233/tjnj/]
[26] 重庆市统计局. 重庆国民经济和社会发展统计公报(2000—2018)[EB/OL]. [2022-03-18]. http://tjj.cq.gov.cn/zwgk_233/fdzdgknr/tjxx/sjzl_55471/tjgb_55472/ [Chongqing Municipal Bureau of Statistics. Chongqing statistical bulletin of national economic and social development(2000—2018)[EB/OL]. [2022-05-20]. http://tjj.cq.gov.cn/zwgk_233/fdzdgknr/tjxx/sjzl_55471/tjgb_55472/]
[27] 重庆市生态环境局. 重庆环境统计年报(2000—2018)[EB/OL]. [2022-01-24]. https://sthjj.cq.gov.cn/zwgk_249/zfxxgkzl/fdzdgknr/hjtj/ [Chongqing Municipal Bureau of Ecological Environment. Chongqing environmental statistics annual report(2000—2018)[EB/OL]. [2022-01-24]. https://sthjj.cq.gov.cn/zwgk_249/zfxxgkzl/fdzdgknr/hjtj/]
[28] 重庆市统计局. 重庆市第三次全国农业普查(2016)[EB/OL]. [2022-05-11]. https://epaper.cqrb.cn/cqrb/2018-01/25/020/content_192807.htm [Chongqing Municipal Bureau of Statistics. The third national agricultural census report of Chongqing(2016)[EB/OL]. [2022-05-11]. https://epaper.cqrb.cn/cqrb/2018-01/25/020/content_192807.htm]
[29] 章家恩, 骆世明. 农业生态系统健康的基本内涵及其评价指标[J]. 应用生态学报, 2004,15(8):1473-1476. [ZHANG Jia'en, LUO Shiming. A discussion on basic content and evaluation index system of agroecosystem health [J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2004,15(8):1473-1476] DOI: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.2004.0310
[30] GB3838-2002. 地表水环境质量标准[S]. 北京: 中华人民共和国生态环境部, 2002. [GB3838-2002. Environmental quality standards for surface water [S]. Beijing: Ministy of Ecology and Environment of the People's Republic of China, 2002]
[31] GB3095-2012. 环境空气质量标准[S]. 北京: 中华人民共和国生态环境部, 2012. [GB3095-2012. Ambient air quality standards [S]. Beijing: Ministy of Ecology and Environment of the People's Republic of China, 2012]
[32] HJ623-2011. 区域生物多样性评价标准[S]. 北京: 中华人民共和国生态环境部, 2011. [HJ623-2011. Standard for the assessment of regional biodiversity [S]. Beijing: Ministy of Ecology and Environment of the People's Republic of China, 2011]
[33] 李咏红, 香宝, 袁兴中, 等. 成渝经济区生物多样性空间分异特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2012, 25(10): 1148-1154. [LI Yonghong, XIANG Bao, YUAN Xingzhong, et al. Characteristics of biodiversity spatial differentiation in the Chengdu-Chongqing economic zone [J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2012, 25(10): 1148-1154] DOI: 10.13198/j.res.2012.10.75.liyh.001
[34]重庆市生态环境局. 2018年重庆市生态环境状况公报[EB/OL]. [2022-03-25]. http://sthjj.cq.gov.cn/hjzl_249/ [Chongqing Municipal Bureau of Ecological Environment. Chongqing ecological environment statistics bulletin in 2018 [EB/OL]. [2022-03-25]. http://sthjj.cq.gov.cn/hjzl_249/]
[35] 曾卫, 杨春, 周瀚韬. 地质生态环境与城市化关联性研究—以重庆市为例[J]. 山地学报, 2018, 36(5):679-692. [ZENG Wei, YANG Chun, ZHOU Hantao. Associative analysis of geo-ecological environment and urbanization: A case study of Chongqing, China [J]. Mountain Research, 2018, 36(5):679-692] DOI: 10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000364
[36] 王富喜, 毛爱华, 李赫龙, 等. 基于熵值法的山东省城镇化质量测度及空间差异分析[J]. 地理科学, 2013, 33(11): 1323-1329. [WANG Fuxi, MAO Aihua, LI Helong, et al. Quality measurement and regional difference of urbanization in Shandong province based on the entropy method [J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2013, 33(11): 1323-1329] DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.11.006
[37] 李平星, 陈雯, 孙伟. 经济发达地区乡村地域多功能空间分异及影响因素——以江苏省为例[J]. 地理学报, 2014, 69(6): 797-807. [LI Pingxing, CHEN Wen, SUN Wei. Spatial differentiation and influencing factors of rural territorial multifunctions in developed regions: A case study of Jiangsu province [J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2014, 69(6): 797-807] DOI: 10.11821/dlxb201406007
[38] LACKEY R T. Values, policy, and ecosystem health [J]. Bioscience, 2001, 51(6): 437-443.
[39] OSTROM E. A general framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems [J]. Science, 2009, 325(5939): 419-422. DOI: 10.1126/science.1172133
[40] 王如松, 欧阳志云. 社会-经济-自然复合生态系统与可持续发展[J]. 中国科学院院刊, 2012, 27(3): 337-345. [WANG Rusong, OUYANG Zhiyun. Social-economic-natural complex ecosystem and sustainability [J]. Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2012, 27(3): 337-345] DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3045.2012.03.012
[41] PARTELOW S. Coevolving Ostrom's social-ecological systems(SES)framework and sustainability science: Four key co-benefits [J]. Sustainability Science, 2016, 11: 399-410. DOI: 10.1007/s11625-015-1351-3
[42] LIU Yu, YANG Chun, TAN Shaohua, et al. An approach to assess spatio-temporal heterogeneity of rural ecosystem health: A case study in Chongqing mountainous area, China [J]. Ecological Indicators, 2022, 136: 108644. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2022.108644
[43] YANG Chun, ZENG Wei, YANG Xin. Coupling coordination evaluation and sustainable development pattern of geo-ecological environment and urbanization in Chongqing municipality, China [J]. Sustainable Cities and Society, 2020, 61: 102271. DOI: 10.1016/j.scs.2020.102271

相似文献/References:

[1]徐凌星,杨德伟*,刘丹丹,等.青藏高原生态系统服务的时空分布特征与供需关系[J].山地学报,2020,(4):483.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000527]
 XU Lingxing,YANG Dewei,et al.Spatiotemporal Distribution Characteristics and Supply-Demand Relationships of Ecosystem Services on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(6):483.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000527]
[2]王永明,王美霞*.武陵山片区县域相对贫困的时空演化与驱动因素[J].山地学报,2021,(4):576.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000621]
 WANG Yongming,WANG Meixia*.The Temporal-Spatial Evolution and Driving Factors of Relative Poverty in the Wuling Mountainous Area, China[J].Mountain Research,2021,(6):576.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000621]
[3]马 琪,王梓柔,赵永宏.西安市“三生空间”时空格局演化与功能测度[J].山地学报,2021,(5):722.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000633)]
 MA Qi,WANG Zirou,ZHAO Yonghong.Evolution of Spatial-Temporal Pattern and Functional Measurement of “Production-Living-Ecological” Space in Xi'an, China[J].Mountain Research,2021,(6):722.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000633)]
[4]王永红,鲁 恒*.2001—2018年云南省植被变化及驱动力[J].山地学报,2022,(4):531.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000691]
 WANG Yonghong,LU Heng*.Driving Force of Vegetation Cover Change in Yunnan Province from 2001 to 2018[J].Mountain Research,2022,(6):531.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000691]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2021-05-22; 改回日期(Accepted date):2022-11-08
基金项目(Foundation item): 国家自然科学基金(51878084); 重庆市研究生科研创新项目(CYB19052)。[National Natural Science Foundation of China(51878084); Chongqing University Graduate Student Research Innovation Project(CYB19052)]
作者简介(Biography): 曹艺凡( 1985-),女,重庆人,硕士,副教授,主要研究方向: 乡村装配式民居设计研究。[CAO Yifan( 1985-), female, born in Chongqing, M.Sc., associate professor, research on rural dwellings prefabricated design]E-mail: 541876355@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-12-30