[1]马晓蓉,查小春*.秦巴山区乡村聚落空间格局演变及影响因子——以陕西宁强县为例[J].山地学报,2020,(5):726-739.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000550]
 MA Xiaorong,ZHA Xiaochun*.Spatial Structure Evolvement and Impact Factors of Rural Settlementsin the Qinba Mountain Area: A Case Study of Ningqiang County in Shaanxi Province, China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(5):726-739.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000550]
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秦巴山区乡村聚落空间格局演变及影响因子——以陕西宁强县为例()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年第5期
页码:
726-739
栏目:
山区发展
出版日期:
2020-11-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Spatial Structure Evolvement and Impact Factors of Rural Settlementsin the Qinba Mountain Area: A Case Study of Ningqiang County in Shaanxi Province, China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)5-726-14
作者:
马晓蓉查小春*
陕西师范大学 地理科学与旅游学院,西安710062
Author(s):
MA Xiaorong ZHA Xiaochun*
School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
关键词:
秦巴山区 乡村聚落 空间演变 影响因子 地理加权回归模型 宁强县
分类号:
K901.8
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000550
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
聚落演变是研究人地关系的重要组成部分,把握聚落演变的规律性对于优化聚落空间结构,促进人地协调发展具有重要意义。本研究以秦巴山区宁强县为研究对象,基于Google Earth高分辨率影像提取了2010年和2019年宁强县乡村聚落斑块数据,综合运用景观格局指数和GIS空间分析等方法,对宁强县乡村聚落空间格局的演变特征进行了动态研究,并引入地理加权回归模型进一步探寻了宁强县乡村聚落空间格局及演变的影响因子。研究结果表明:(1)从乡村聚落规模来看,与2010年相比,2019年宁强县乡村聚落数量减少而规模增加,小型聚落逐渐向大、中型聚落发展; 聚落规模空间集聚性显著,大规模聚落分布在河谷平坝并向外扩展,小规模聚落散布在外围的山地丘陵区,分布重心由西部向东部和南部转移;(2)从空间分布来看,乡村聚落高密度区向镇区缩减,原本以街道办和各镇为中心的多核带状分布逐渐破碎化。聚落空间分布的低地缓坡指向性和交通、河流指向性随时间发展进一步加强;(3)复杂的地形条件、河流、地质环境和耕地资源等自然环境因素塑造了宁强县乡村聚落大分散、小集聚的空间基本格局,并在聚落演变中继续发挥着重要作用; 政策制度因素以及交通条件、人口规模等社会人文因素是推动宁强县乡村聚落迅速演化的重要动力。本研究可为山区乡村聚落的空间布局优化和移民搬迁选址提供理论依据。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2020-06-09; 改回日期(Accepted data):2020-07-24
基金项目(Foundation item):国家科技基础资源调查专项项目(2017FY100905)。[National Science and Technology Basic Resources Survey project(2017FY100905)]
作者简介(Biography):马晓蓉(1995-),女,山西太原人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向:资源开发与环境演变。[MA Xiaorong(1995-), female, born in Taiyuan, Shanxi province, M.Sc. candidate, research on resource development and environmental evolution] E-mail:shirley@snnu.edu.cn
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):查小春(1972-),男,陕西汉中人,博士,教授,主要研究方向:资源开发与环境演变。 [ZHA Xiaochun(1972-), male, Ph.D., professor, research on resource development and environmental evolution] E-mail:Zhaxch@snnu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-09-30