[1]尚华明,洪建昌,张瑞波,等.树轮记录的西藏东北部过去552a上年10月至当年5月降水量变化[J].山地学报,2018,(06):821-832.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000378]
 SHANG Huaming,HONG Jianchang,ZHANG Ruibo,et al.Tree-ring Recorded 522-year Precipitation from Previous October to May in Northeastern Tibet, China[J].Mountain Research,2018,(06):821-832.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000378]
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树轮记录的西藏东北部过去552a上年10月至当年5月降水量变化()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2018年06期
页码:
821-832
栏目:
山地环境
出版日期:
2018-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Tree-ring Recorded 522-year Precipitation from Previous October to May in Northeastern Tibet, China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2018)6-821-12
作者:
尚华明1洪建昌2张瑞波1范子昂1陈 峰1
1.中国气象局乌鲁木齐沙漠气象研究所 新疆树木年轮生态实验室 中国气象局树木年轮理化研究重点实验室,乌鲁木齐 830002; 2.西藏自治区气候中心,拉萨 850000
Author(s):
SHANG Huaming1 HONG Jianchang2 ZHANG Ruibo1 FAN Ziang1 CHEN Feng1
1.Institute of Desert Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Xinjiang Laboratory of Tree Ring Ecology, Key Laboratory of Tree-ring Physical and Chemical Research of China Meteorological Administration, Urumqi 830002, China; 2. Tibet Climatic Center, Lhasa 850000, China
关键词:
树木年轮 川西云杉 降水量 气候变化 西藏
分类号:
P467
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000378
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
青藏高原是气候变化研究的热点区域,由于其极端寒冷、干旱的气候条件,环境因子对树木生长的限制作用明显,高原东部地区广泛分布的长龄针叶树成为过去变化研究的重要代用资料。本文利用位于西藏东北部3个采样点的川西云杉树木年轮资料,建立了宽度年表。树轮宽度指数与类乌齐和昌都气象站气温、降水资料以及格点PDSI的相关与响应分析发现,上年10月至当年5月的降水量是制约该区域树木的径向生长的主要气候因子,且具有明确的生理意义。在此基础上,建立了树轮宽度指数与降水量的线性转换方程(n=32,R2=52.9%,F=33.7),重建了西藏东北部公元1460—2011年期间上年10月至当年5月的降水量序列,确定其存在6个明显的偏湿阶段(1512—1533、1551—1630、1659—1729、1771—1790、1838—1862、1976—2011年)和5个明显的偏干阶段(1460—1511、1591—1614、1730—1770、1791—1837、1892—1930年)。空间代表性分析表明重建序列能较好地代表西藏东部地区(94°E~100°E,29°N~33°N)的降水变化。本文降水序列与研究区周边的树轮降水记录的对比发现,其共同的特征是19世纪早期的持续干旱和1980年中期以来的增湿过程,但本序列中最长的湿润期(1659—1729年)以及20世纪早期的干旱期(1892—1930年)与其他两条降水记录并不一致。近20年来明显的增湿过程可能是由于高原增温导致对流活动增强,进而增加有效降水。树轮降水记录不一致的原因除了降水存在较强的局地性特征以外,还可能是由于研究区处在南亚季风和西风系统的交互作用区。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2018-01-03; 改回日期(Accepted date):2018-10-23
基金项目(Foundation item):中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费(IDM201102); 国家自然科学基金(91547115,41205124,41271098); 气象行业专项(GYHY201206014)。[Basic Research Operating Expense of the Central-level Non-profit Research Institutes(IDM201102); National Natural Science Foundation of China(91547115,41205124,41271098); Meteorology Public Welfare Industry Research Special Project(GYHY201206014)]
作者简介(Biography):尚华明(1979-),男,湖北广水人,副研究员,主要从事树轮年代学与环境演变研究。[SHANG Huaming(1979-), male, associate professor, born in Guangshui, Hubei province, research on dendrochronology and environmental evolution] E-mail:shang8632@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-30