[1]张信宝.对西藏“一江两河”河谷地区风沙灾害的一些粗浅认识和治理工作建议[J].山地学报,2020,(5):643-646.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000541]
 ZHANG Xinbao.A Updated Understanding of Wind-Sand Disaster in the Valley Area of “One River and Two Tributaries” in Tibet of China and Suggestions for Control Work[J].Mountain Research,2020,(5):643-646.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000541]
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对西藏“一江两河”河谷地区风沙灾害的一些粗浅认识和治理工作建议()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年第5期
页码:
643-646
栏目:
专家观点
出版日期:
2020-11-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Updated Understanding of Wind-Sand Disaster in the Valley Area of “One River and Two Tributaries” in Tibet of China and Suggestions for Control Work
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)5-643-04
作者:
张信宝
中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所, 成都 610041
Author(s):
ZHANG Xinbao
Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
关键词:
西藏 一江两河 河谷地区 风沙灾害 治理
分类号:
K909
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000541
文献标志码:
C
摘要:
西藏“一江两河”河谷地带风沙地貌发育,风沙灾害严重。由于扎囊黄土古土壤剖面中无风沙夹层并结合考古研究成果,作者认为该地区的风沙灾害可能始于以青稞农耕为代表的历史时期以来的大规模开发,并随着人类开发强度的加大,风沙灾害日趋严重。近年来,西藏生态工程建设成效显著,风沙危害有所减轻,但由于冬春季节大面积河床和沙滩裸露以及缺水严重的高台沙地和沙坡地难以绿化,风沙危害依然相当严重。针对该区风沙灾害的治理难点,作者提出了“营造冬春河道人工湿地,抑制干季裸露河床和沙滩的起沙”和“埋铺阻蓄水土层,改善土壤水分条件,绿化沙地”两项治理措施建议。

参考文献/References:

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[2] 董光荣,董玉祥,金炯 等. 西藏”一江两河”中部流域地区土地沙漠化的成因与发展趋势[J].中国沙漠,1994,14(2):9-17.[DONG Guangrong, DONG Yuxiang, JIN Jiong, et al. Study on the cause and development trend of desertification in the midstream region of Yarlungzangbo River, Tibet[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 1994,14(2):9-17]
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[5] 李森,王跃,哈斯,等.雅鲁藏布江河谷风沙地貌分类与发育问题[J].中国沙漠,1997,17(4): 342-350.[LI Sen, WANG Yue, HA Si, et al. Classification and development of aeolian sand landform in the Yurlungzangbo Valley[J]. Journal of Desert Research,1997,17(4):342-350]
[6] 360百科. 蒙金土[DB/OL]. [2020-10-16]. https://baike.so.com/doc/4013655-4210728.html.[ 360 Encyclopedia. Monkin soil [DB/OL]. [2020-10-16]. https://baike.so.com/doc/4013655-4210728.html]

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2020-10-03; 修回日期(Accepted date):2020-10-15
基金项目(Foundation item):科技部“第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究”专项之任务四“青藏高原生态安全屏障重大生态工程成效评估”之专题4:重大生态工程成效评估(2019QZKK0404)。[Assessment on the Effectiveness of Key Ecological Protection Projects of Ecological Safety Shelter for the Tibet Plateau(2019QZKK0404), Special Topic 4 in the Specific Task 4 of the Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research from Ministry of Science and Technology, PRC ]
作者简介(Biography):张信宝(1946-),男,二级研究员,主要研究方向:土壤侵蚀与水土保持。[ZHANG Xinbao(1946-),male, research on soil erosion, soil and water conservation] E-mail: zxbao@imde.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-09-30