[1]程雪峰,范念念*,刘维明,等.两万年来岷江汶川古堰塞湖事件研究[J].山地学报,2020,(4):561-570.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000534]
 CHENG Xuefeng,FAN Niannian*,LIU Weiming,et al.A Paleo-lake in the Minjiang River since 20, 000 Years before present in Wenchuan, China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(4):561-570.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000534]
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两万年来岷江汶川古堰塞湖事件研究()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年第4期
页码:
561-570
栏目:
山地灾害
出版日期:
2020-09-27

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Paleo-lake in the Minjiang River since 20, 000 Years before present in Wenchuan, China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)4-561-10
作者:
程雪峰范念念1*刘维明2杨兴国1刘兴年1
1.四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室,成都 610064; 2.中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 中国科学院山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室,成都 610041
Author(s):
CHENG Xuefeng1 FAN Niannian1* LIU Weiming2 YANG Xingguo1 LIU Xingnian1
1. State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Earth Surface Processes, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Science, Chengdu 610041, China
关键词:
岷江上游 滑坡堵江 芤山古湖 堰塞湖沉积 堰塞湖效应
分类号:
P531
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000534
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
位于构造活动频繁的高山峡谷地区,常发生滑坡堵江,进而形成堰塞湖。堰塞湖对河流自然演化及人类文明发展均有着重要影响,非稳态堰塞湖形成蓄水后往往进一步溃决引发特大洪水,致使下游河道严重冲刷并导致大规模基础设施破坏,而稳态堰塞湖会抬高上游侵蚀基准面,抑制上游河床下切,改变河流纵剖面形态。对于古堰塞湖事件的研究不仅可以更好地理解现代堰塞湖灾害,也可指示地质历史上的极端气候事件与构造运动事件。经野外考察,在青藏高原东缘,岷江上游汶川芤山发现古堰塞坝残留体,以及对应的上游湖相沉积物和下游溃坝特大洪水沉积物,标志着堰塞湖形成—稳定—溃决过程。研究表明,该堰塞湖形成于1.4万年前,初期发生小部分漫顶溃决,后稳定存在近万年,由于地震作用,距今3.8~6.9 ka间溃决消失。深入研究这类地区古堰塞湖形成与溃决,对该地区河流地貌演化研究、现代堰塞湖风险、特大滑坡灾害链防治和理解古人类文明的发展与消亡,均有着重要的指导意义。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2020-03-21; 改回日期(Accepted date): 2020-06-29
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金项目(51979179),四川大学2018年建设世界一流大学项目(2018SCUH0050)。[National Natural Science Foundation of China(51979179),Program of Constructed World-Class University of Sichuan University in 2018(2018SCUH0050)]
作者简介(Biography):程雪峰(1996-),男,重庆市人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向:水力学及河流动力学。[CHENG Xuefeng(1996-),male, born in Chongqing, M.Sc. candidate, research on hydraulics and river dynamics] E-mail: 2018223060042@stu.scu.edu.cn
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):范念念(1988-),男,博士,副教授,主要研究方向:水力学及河流动力学。[FAN Niannian(1988-), male, Ph.D., associate professor, specialized in hydraulics and river dynamics] E-mail: fanniannian@scu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-07-30