[1]范建容,杨 超,包维楷,等.西南地区干旱河谷分布范围及分区统计分析[J].山地学报,2020,(02):303-313.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000511]
 FAN Jianrong,YANG Chao,BAO Weikai,et al.Distribution Scope and District StatisticalAnalysis of Dry Valleys in Southwest China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(02):303-313.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000511]
点击复制

西南地区干旱河谷分布范围及分区统计分析()
分享到:

《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
303-313
栏目:
山地技术
出版日期:
2020-03-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Distribution Scope and District StatisticalAnalysis of Dry Valleys in Southwest China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)2-303-11
作者:
范建容1杨 超12包维楷3刘佳丽12李 炫4
1. 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所,四川 成都 610041; 2. 中国科学院大学,北京 1000493; 3. 中国科学院 成都生物研究所,四川 成都 610041; 4. 自然资源部 第三地理信息制图院,四川 成都 610100
Author(s):
FAN Jianrong1 YANG Chao12 BAO Weikai3 LIU Jiali12 LI Xuan4
1. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China; 2. University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049, China; 3. Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Science, Chengdu 610041, China; 4. The Third Geoinformation Mapping Institute of Ministry of Natural Resource, Chengdu 610100, China
关键词:
横断山区 干旱河谷 分布范围 地形特征 Penman-Monteith模型 干湿状况
分类号:
K903
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000511
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
干旱河谷是我国西南地区复杂地形和气候条件综合作用下形成的特殊景观类型,明确西南干旱河谷的空间分布范围,掌握分区统计数据,对了解干旱河谷生态系统、分析相关自然和人文综合指标有重要意义。本文在前人研究的基础上,利用遥感与野外验证相结合的方法,划定了西南地区干旱河谷的空间分布范围,同时,分析了干旱河谷区的地形特征和干湿状况。研究结果表明:西南地区干旱河谷总长度约为6911.15 km,总面积约为26 451.61 km2,涉及我国甘肃省、四川省、云南省以及西藏自治区4个省级行政区。在空间分布上由北至南依次分布在白龙江、岷江、大渡河、雅砻江、金沙江、澜沧江、怒江和元江,其中,金沙江干旱河谷面积最大,占西南地区干旱河谷总面积的44.36%,岷江干旱河谷面积最小,占西南地区干旱河谷总面积的2.74%。坡度大于25°的面积占西南地区干旱河谷总面积的55.00%,地形坡度区域差异显著,岷江干旱河谷区地形坡度较大,雅砻江干旱河谷区较为平缓。阳坡面积大于阴坡面积,阳坡面积占干旱河谷总面积的40.49%,阴坡面积占干旱河谷总面积的31.12%。干旱河谷区内气象观测站的干季干燥度指数(IaD)值在2.14~5.10之间,属于半干旱类型和干旱类型。本研究成果可为干旱河谷的进一步深入研究提供基础数据支撑。

参考文献/References:

[1] 张荣祖. 横断山区干旱河谷[M]. 北京:科学出版社,1992:6-20. [ZHANG Rongzu. The dry valleys of the Hengduan mountains region[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1992: 6-20]
[2] 包维楷,庞学勇,李芳兰,等. 干旱河谷生态恢复与持续管理的科学基础[M]. 北京:科学出版社,2012:2-3. [BAO Weikai, PANG Xueyong, LI Fanglan, et al. The scientific basis for ecological restoration and sustainable management in arid valley[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2012: 2-3]
[3] 李昆,刘方炎,杨振寅,等. 中国西南干热河谷植被恢复研究现状与发展趋势[J]. 世界林业研究,2011,24(4):55-60. [LI Kun, LIU Fangyan, YANG Zhenyin, et al. Study status and trends of vegetation restoration of dry-hot valley in Southwest China[J]. World Forestry Research, 2011, 24(4): 55-60]
[4] 欧朝蓉,朱清科,孙永玉. 元谋干热河谷景观生态安全时空变化[J]. 中国水土保持科学,2018,16(1):131-140. [OU Zhaorong, ZHU Qingke, SUN Yongyu. Temporal and spatial variation of landscape ecological security in Yuanmou dry-hot valley[J]. Science of Soil and Water Conservation, 2018, 16(1): 131-140]
[5] 时振钦,邓伟,张少尧. 近25年横断山区国土空间格局与时空变化研究[J]. 地理研究,2018,37(3):607-621. [SHI Zhenqin, DENG Wei, ZHANG Shaoyao. Spatial pattern and spatio-temporal change of territory space in Hengduan mountains region in recent 25 years[J]. Geographical Research, 2018, 37(3): 607-621]
[6] 董一帆,聂勇,熊东红. 基于Google Earth影像的横断山区沟蚀及侵蚀沟类型调查研究[J]. 水土保持通报,2018,38(3):151-157. [DONG Yifan, NIE Yong, XIONG Donghong. Investigation of gully density and classification of Hengduan mountainous area based on google earth image[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2018, 38(3): 151-157]
[7] 丁文荣. 金沙江下游元谋干旱河谷区水沙过程演变规律研究[J]. 水资源与水工程学报,2017,28(6):20-26. [DING Wenrong. Study on the evolution rule of water and sediment processes in Yuanmou arid valley of Jinsha river, Southwest China[J]. Journal of Water Resources & Water Engineering, 2017, 28(6): 20-26]
[8] 陈剑,黎艳,许冲. 金沙江干热河谷区泥石流易发性评价模型及应用[J]. 山地学报,2016,34(4):460-467. [CHEN Jian, LI Yan, XU Chong. Susceptibility assessment model of debris flows in the dry-hot valley of the Jinsha river and its application[J]. Mountain Research, 2016, 34(4): 460-467]
[9] 杨斌,李丹,高桂胜,等. Sentinel-2a卫星数据处理分析及在干旱河谷提取中的应用[J]. 国土资源遥感,2018,30(3):128-135. [YANG Bin, LI Dan, GAO Guisheng, et al. Processing analysis of sentinel-2a data and application to arid valleys extraction[J]. Remote Sensing for Land and Resources, 2018, 30(3): 128-135]
[10] 丁明涛,周鹏,张永旺,等. 岷江上游干旱河谷边界波动的定量判定及其演化特征[J]. 山地学报,2017,35(2):170-178. [DING Mingtao, ZHOU Peng, ZHANG Yongwang, et al. Quantitative determination of boundary fluctuation in arid valley of the upper Min river and its evolution feature[J]. Mountain Research, 2017, 35(2): 170-178]
[11] 郑杰,冯文兰,王凤杰,等. 岷江上游干旱河谷范围的界定及其变化分析[J]. 干旱区地理,2017,40(3):541-548. [ZHENG Jie, FENG Wenlan, WANG Fengjie, et al. Spatial definition and its range variation of arid valley in the upper reaches of Minjiang river[J]. Arid Land Geography, 2017, 40(3): 541-548]
[12] 李云琴,杜凡,汪健. 金沙江上游干旱河谷维管植物区系特征[J]. 西部林业科学,2019,48(1):93-99. [LI Yunqin, DU Fan, WANG Jian. Floristic characteristics of vascular plants in dry valleys of the upstream of Jinsha river[J]. Journal of West China Forestry Science, 2019, 48(1): 93-99]
[13] 沈泽昊. 中国西南干旱河谷的植物多样性:区系和群落结构的空间分异与成因[J]. 生物多样性,2016,24(4):363-366. [SHEN Zehao. Plant diversity in the dry valleys of Southwest China: spatial deviation and determinants for flora and plant communities[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2016, 24(4): 363-366]
[14] 刘晔,朱鑫鑫,沈泽昊,等. 中国西南干旱河谷植被的区系地理成分与空间分异[J]. 生物多样性,2016,24(4):367-377. [LIU Ye, ZHU Xinxin, SHEN Zehao, et al. Flora compositions and spatial differentiations of vegetation in dry valleys of Southwest China[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2016, 24(4): 367-377] [15] 徐飞,贾仰文,牛存稳,等. 横断山区气温和降水年季月变化特征[J]. 山地学报,2018,36(2):171-183. [XU Fei, JIA Yangwen, NIU Cunwen, et al. Variation character of annual, seasonal and monthly temperature and precipitation[J]. Mountain Research, 2018, 36(2): 171-183]
[16] 申官正,王龙,余航,等. 变化环境下横断山区参考作物蒸散量时空分布及成因分析[J]. 中国农村水利水电,2017,(8):40-45. [SHEN Guanzheng, WANG Long, YU Hang, et al. Temporal and spatial distribution and cause analysis of reference crop evapotranspiration in Hengduan mountains[J]. China Rural Water and Hydropower, 2017,(8): 40-45]
[17] 丁文荣,吕喜玺. 横断山区干旱河谷大气水资源变化特征与演变趋势研究[J]. 长江流域资源与环境,2015,24(3):395-401. [DING Wenrong, LV Xixi. Changing feature and trend of atmospheric water resource in dry valleys of Hengduan mountains, China[J]. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 2015, 24(3): 395-401]
[18] 蔡凡隆,张军,胡开波. 四川干旱河谷的分布与面积调查[J]. 四川林业科技,2009,30(4):82-85. [CAI Fanlong, ZHANG Jun, HU Kaibo. Distribution and area investigation of the arid valley in Sichuan Province[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2009, 30(4): 82-85]
[19] 袁晖,李贤伟,林勇. 基于遥感的四川省干旱河谷分布范围区划研究[J]. 四川农业大学学报,2013,31(2):182-187. [YUAN Hui, LI Xianwei, LIN Yong. Arid river valley division research in Sichuan Province based on remote sensing[J]. Journal of Sichuan Agricultural University, 2013, 31(2): 182-187]
[20] 杨兆平,常禹,布仁仓,等. 岷江上游干旱河谷区域空间变化的定量判定[J]. 生态学报,2007,27(8):3250-3256. [YANG Zhaoping, CHANG Yu, BU Rencang, et al. Long-term dynamics of dry valleys in the upper reaches of Minjiang river, China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2007, 27(8): 3250-3256]
[21] 詹金凤,杨斌,李茂娇,等. GIS和地理本体在岷江上游干旱河谷范围界定中的应用研究[J]. 地理与地理信息科学,2015,31(2):65-69. [ZHAN Jinfeng, YANG Bin, LI Maojiao, et al. Definition scope of arid valley in the upper reaches of Minjiang river based on GIS and geographic ontology[J]. Geography and Geo-Information Science, 2015, 31(2): 65-69]
[22] 周颖智,魏江龙,邵怀勇. 基于RS与GIS的茂县地区干旱河谷范围变化监测[J]. 测绘与空间地理信息,2016,39(1):38-40. [ZHOU Yingzhi, WEI Jianglong, SHAO Huaiyong. Monitoring the scope changes of dry valleys in Maoxian area based on RS and GIS[J]. Geomatics & Spatial Information Technology, 2016, 39(1): 38-40]
[23] 高媛媛,刘琼,王红瑞,等. 基于RS和GIS的干旱河谷范围界定方法研究[J]. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版),2012,48(1):92-96. [GAO Yuanyuan, LIU Qiong, WANG Hongrui, et al. Definition dry valleys scope by RS and GIS[J]. Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science), 2012, 48(1): 92-96]
[24] 王海茳,郭亚琳,王青. 岷江上游干旱河谷1999-2009年边界位移特征[J]. 兰州大学学报(自然科学版),2017,53(3):316-321. [WANG Haijiang, GUO Yalin, WANG Qing. Boundary displacement characteristics of the dry valley in the upper reaches of the Minjiang river during the period from 1999 to 2009[J]. Journal of Lanzhou University(Natural Sciences), 2017, 53(3): 316-321]
[25] 钟祥浩,刘淑珍. 山地环境理论与实践[M]. 北京:科学出版社,2015:163-174. [ZHONG Xianghao, LIU Shuzhen. Theory and practice of mountain environment[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2015: 163-174]
[26] 魏宏庆,沈永平,魏鹂慧,等. 白龙江中游干旱河谷水土流失与地理环境[J]. 干旱区地理,2019,42(5):1023-1028. [WEI Hongqing, SHEN Yongping, WEI Lihui, et al. Soil erosion and geographical environment in dry valley of the middle reaches of bailong river[J]. Arid Land Geography, 2019, 42(5): 1023-1028]
[27] 谢余初,巩杰,赵彩霞. 甘肃白龙江流域水土流失的景观生态风险评价[J]. 生态学杂志,2014,33(3):702-708. [XIE Yuchu, GONG Jie, ZHAO Caixia. Evaluation of landscape ecological risk of soil and water erosion in the bailongjiang watershed in southern Gansu, China[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2014, 33(3): 702-708]
[28] 李新辉,刘延虹,刘晔,等. 地理距离及环境差异对云南元江干热河谷植物群落Beta多样性的影响[J]. 生物多样性,2016,24(4):399-406. [LI Xinhui, LIU Yanhong, LIU Ye, et al. Impacts of geographical distances and environmental differences on the beta diversity of plant communities in the dry-hot valley of the Yuanjiang river[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2016, 24(4): 399-406]
[29] 沈蕊,张建利,何彪,等. 元江流域干热河谷草地植物群落结构特征与相似性分析[J]. 生态环境学报,2010,19(12):2821-2825. [SHEN Rui, ZHANG Jianli, HE Biao, et al. The structure characteristic and analysis on similarity of grassland community in dry-hot valley of Yuanjiang river[J]. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2010, 19(12): 2821-2825]
[30] 沈泽昊,张志明,胡金明,等. 西南干旱河谷植物多样性资源的保护与利用[J]. 生物多样性,2016,24(4):475-488. [SHEN Zehao, ZHANG Zhiming, HU Jinming, et al. Protection and utilization of plant biodiversity resources in dry valleys of Southwest China[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2016, 24(4): 475-488]
[31] 金振洲,欧晓昆. 元江、怒江、金沙江、澜沧江干热河谷植被[M]. 昆明:云南大学出版社,2000:285-286. [JIN Zhenzhou, OU Xiaokun. Vegetation of Yuan river, Nu river, Jinsha river, and Lancang river dry-hot valleys[M]. Kunming: Yunnan University Press, 2000: 285-286]
[32] 吴绍洪,尹云鹤,郑度,等. 近30年中国陆地表层干湿状况研究[J]. 中国科学(D辑:地球科学),2005,32(3):276-283. [WU Shaohong, YIN Yunhe, ZHENG Du, et al. Characteristics of China dry-wet condition in recent 30 years[J]. Science in China(Ser. D: Earth Sciences), 2005, 32(3): 276-283]
[33] 杨勤业,郑度,刘燕华. 横断山地区干旱河谷的自然特点及其开发利用[J]. 干旱区资源与环境,1988,2(2):17-24. [YANG Qinye, ZHENG Du, LIU Yanhua. Physico-Gepgraphical feature and economic development of the dry valleys in the Hengduan Mountains, Southwest China[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 1988, 2(2): 17-24]
[34] FANG Shu, ZHAO Yonghua, HAN Lei. Boundaries and Characteristics of Arid Regions in Mountain Valleys in Southwestern China[J]. Mountain Research and Development, 2018, 38(1): 73-84.

相似文献/References:

[1]郑度.喜马拉雅山区与横断山区自然条件对比[J].山地学报,1988,(03):137.
[2]吕荣森.横断山区干旱河谷落叶果树资源及其开发[J].山地学报,1988,(04):219.
[3]潘裕生.横断山区地质构造分区[J].山地学报,1989,(01):3.
[4]李炳元.横断山区地貌区划[J].山地学报,1989,(01):13.
[5]张谊光.横断山区气候区划[J].山地学报,1989,(01):21.
[6]熊怡,李秀云,王玉枝,等.横断山区水文区划[J].山地学报,1989,(01):29.
[7]余有德,刘伦辉,张建华.横断山区植被分区[J].山地学报,1989,(01):47.
[8]杨勤业,郑度.横断山区综合自然区划纲要[J].山地学报,1989,(01):56.
[9]文传甲.横断山区地形对水热条件的影响[J].山地学报,1989,(01):65.
[10]刘伦辉.横断山区干旱河谷植被类型[J].山地学报,1989,(03):175.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2019-12-25; 改回日期(Accepted date): 2020-03-16
基金项目(Foundation item):国家重点研发计划课题(2017YFC0505104); 国家测绘地理信息局地理国情监测重点实验室2017年开放基金项目(2017NGCM02)。 [National Key Research and Development Plan Program(2017YFC0505104); Key Laboratory for National Geographic Census and Monitoring,National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation(2017NGCM02)]
作者简介(Biography):范建容(1969-),女,四川井研人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事山地环境遥感研究。[FAN Jianrong(1969-), female, born in Jingyan, Sichuan province, professor, Ph.D. supervisor, research on mountain environment remote sensing] E-mail: fjrong@imde.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-30