[1]孟 清,白红英*,赵婷,等.秦岭山地气候变化的地形效应[J].山地学报,2020,(02):180-189.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000500]
 MENG Qing,BAI Hongying*,ZHAO Ting,et al.Topographic Characteristic of Climate Change in the Qinling Mountains, China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(02):180-189.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000500]
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秦岭山地气候变化的地形效应()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
180-189
栏目:
山地环境
出版日期:
2020-03-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Topographic Characteristic of Climate Change in the Qinling Mountains, China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)2-180-10
作者:
孟 清12 白红英12* 赵婷12 郭少壮12 齐贵增12
1. 西北大学 陕西省地表系统与环境承载力重点实验室,西安710127; 2. 西北大学 城市与环境学院,西安 710127
Author(s):
MENG Qing12 BAI Hongying12* ZHAO Ting12 GUO Shaozhuang12 QI Guizeng12
1. Key Laboratory of Surface System and Environmental carrying Capacity of Shaanxi Province, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China 2. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
关键词:
山区气候 地形效应 气候变化 秦岭
分类号:
K903; P94
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000500
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
研究不同地形下的山地气候变化对于植被生长、不同动物种群的生存习性及对气候的应激性有重要意义。本文基于陕西秦岭地区1959—2016年32个国家站的日气温和降水资料,采用Anusplin插值法、标准化降水蒸散指数(SPEI)、稳健回归和Theil-sen回归法等方法分析了山区地形对气候变化的影响。结论如下:(1)58年来秦岭四个坡向上年均温度随着海拔的升高呈现显著下降趋势,年降水随着海拔的升高呈现不同程度的上升趋势。温度随坡度的增加表现出下降趋势; 除秦岭南坡西段外,降水随着坡度的增加呈现出上升趋势,但均不显著。(2)年尺度上, 秦岭山地南坡和南坡东段的气温呈显著增温趋势,南坡西段和北坡呈不显著增温趋势; 四个方向上的降水均呈显著下降趋势。秦岭山地四个方向上的干湿等级为正常,北坡和南坡西段的干湿状况一致,58年年均SPEI均为0.07,南坡东段较暖湿(0.08),南坡较暖干(0.05)。(3)季节尺度上,秦岭山地四个方向上除了夏季外,其他季节的气温均表现出不同程度的升温趋势,降水均呈下降趋势。秦岭四个方向上四季干湿变化属于正常等级。秦岭北坡出现春季干暖化趋势; 南坡秋季较暖湿; 南坡东段和西段的冬季呈暖湿化特征; 南坡西段夏季呈现暖干化特征。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2019 -07-16; 改回日期( Accepted date): 2020-03-11
基金项目(Foundation item):国家林业公益性行业科研专项“秦岭天然林对气候变化的时空响应及管理对策(201304309)[National Forestry Public Welfare Industry Scientific Research Project“The Spatial and Temporal Response of Natural Forests in Qinling Mountains to Climate Change and Management Measures”(201304309)]
作者简介(Biography):孟清(1993-),女,陕西西安人,博士研究生,主要从事秦岭地区气候变化和大气气溶胶研究。[MENG Qing(1993-), female, born in Xi'an, Shaanxi province, Ph.D. candidate, research on climate change and atmospheric aerosol in Qinling region] E-mail: qingmengmq@163.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):白红英(1962-),女,陕西凤翔人,博士,教授,主要从事环境科学、全球变化生态学等方面的科研与教学。 [BAI Hongying(1962-), female, born in Fengxiang, Shaanxi province, Ph.D., professor, research on environmental science, global change ecology] E-mail: hongyingbai@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-30