[1]陆 文,唐家良*,章熙锋,等.山地流域水文模拟研究进展与展望[J].山地学报,2020,(01):50-61.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000490]
 LU Wen,TANG Jialiang*,ZHANG Xifeng,et al.Hydrological Simulation in Mountainous Region: Present State and Perspectives[J].Mountain Research,2020,(01):50-61.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000490]
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山地流域水文模拟研究进展与展望()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
50-61
栏目:
山地环境
出版日期:
2020-01-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Hydrological Simulation in Mountainous Region: Present State and Perspectives
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)1-050-12
作者:
陆 文12唐家良1* 章熙锋1 刘皓雯12罗专溪3
1.中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所,成都 610041; 2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049; 3.中国科学院城市环境研究所,福建 厦门 361021
Author(s):
LU Wen12TANG Jialiang1* ZHANG Xifeng1 LIU Haowen12LUO Zhuanxi3
1. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China; 2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3. Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, Fujian China
关键词:
水文模拟 山地 水循环 分布式模型 水文参数
分类号:
P334+.92
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000490
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
山地水文循环是全球水循环的重要组成部分,山地独特的地形特征、日趋变化的社会经济与新技术(遥感观测和信息科学)发展使得山地水文循环研究成为当前乃至未来水文学关注的热点。山地较大的垂直梯度浓缩了水平自然带的自然地理和生态学特征,具有多样的环境敏感性,因此山地水文过程对土地利用变化和气候变化的响应比平坦地区更为剧烈。明晰山地水文过程对区域防洪减灾、制定全球变化背景下区域水资源可持续利用策略、促进经济社会发展具有重要意义。水文模型是研究水循环的重要工具,但山地产汇流机制的复杂性以及实测水文资料匮乏等一系列问题极大限制了山地水文模拟与预测工作。本文首先系统地从数据获取、参数计算、模型结构、建模理论四个方面介绍了国内外山地水文模拟的研究进展,并总结了经验模型、概念模型及基于物理机制的分布式水文模型在我国山地水文模拟中的应用进展,之后从山地水文要素的空间变异性与垂直变异性、驱动力、数据不确定性、强烈的人为扰动等方面对当前山地水文模拟中面临的挑战与难点进行了论述。通过对国内外相关研究前沿的归纳,从多过程耦合机理研究、山地自然—社会二元水循环理论、大数据背景下多源数据获取与同化研究等方面对我国未来山地水文模拟的工作方向进行了展望。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2019-07-20; 改回日期(Accepted date):2019-12-17
基金项目(Foundation item):国家科技重大专项(2017ZX07101001-02); 中国科学院成都山地所“一三五”方向性项目(SDS-135-1702); 国家自然科学基金项目(41371241)。[National Science and Technology Major Project(2017ZX07101001-02); The 135 Strategic Program of the Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment of CAS(SDS-135-1702); National Nature Science Foundation of China(41371241)]
作者简介(Biography):陆文(1996-),男,硕士研究生,湖南岳阳人,主要从事水文模拟研究。[LU Wen(1996-),male, born in Yueyang, Hunan province, M.Sc. Candidate, research on hydrological simulation] E-mail: luwen@imde.ac.cn
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):唐家良(1975-),男,研究员,四川隆昌人,主要从事流域水文研究。[TANG Jialiang(1975-), male, professor, specialized in watershed hydrology]E-mail: jltang@imde.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-01-30