[1]梁 斌,齐 实*,李智勇,等.青藏高原湖泊面积动态变化及其对气候变化的响应[J].山地学报,2018,(02):206-216.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000316]
 LIANG Bin,QI Shi*,LI Zhiyong,et al.Dynamic Change of Lake Area over the Tibetan Plateau and Its Response to Climate Change[J].Mountain Research,2018,(02):206-216.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000316]
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青藏高原湖泊面积动态变化及其对气候变化的响应()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2018年02期
页码:
206-216
栏目:
山地环境
出版日期:
2018-03-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Dynamic Change of Lake Area over the Tibetan Plateau and Its Response to Climate Change
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2018)2-206-11
作者:
梁 斌齐 实*李智勇李昱彤陈建辉
北京林业大学 水土保持学院,北京100083
Author(s):
LIANG Bin QI Shi* LI Zhiyong LI Yutong CHEN Jianhui
School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
关键词:
青藏高原 湖泊 动态变化 气候变化
分类号:
P343.3
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000316
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了探究整个青藏高原湖泊总面积变化的原因,本文利用RS和GIS技术,提取了1960 s-2015年青藏高原大于1 km2的湖泊数据,分析了近50年来青藏高原湖泊面积的动态变化,并结合相应的气象数据,通过相关性分析及回归分析等方法分析了影响湖泊面积变化的主要气象因子。结果表明:(1)青藏高原整体变暖湿的过程中大于1 km2湖泊的总面积呈现增长-减少-加速增长的趋势,从1960 s-2015年共增长了9138.60 km2,增长率为23.90%;(2)100~500 km2级别的湖泊总面积占青藏高原湖泊总面积的比重最大,各不同等级的湖泊总面积总体呈上升趋势;(3)青藏高原4500~5000 m海拔范围内的湖泊总面积最大,海拔4500~5000 m及海拔3000 m以下的湖泊面积变化较剧烈,呈现波动中增长的趋势,其余海拔范围内的湖泊面积基本维持稳定;(4)青藏高原西部地区和北部地区的湖泊总面积总体上呈现增长趋势,东部及南部地区湖泊总面积基本维持稳定,整个青藏高原湖泊面积变化的区域在空间上呈现扩张趋势;(5)年平均气温、年降水量及年蒸发量与湖泊面积呈现显著的相关性,研究区边缘地区湖泊面积和年平均气温有显著相关性,研究区中部地区湖泊面积同年平均气温、年降水量及年蒸发量有显著相关性,而研究区东北部及中西部部分地区湖泊面积和年平均气温及年蒸发量有显著相关性。通过气象因子与湖泊总面积的回归分析结果表明,年平均气温和年蒸发量变化是导致青藏高原湖泊总面积改变的主要原因。本研究填补了青藏高原长时间序列和多尺度的湖泊面积动态变化方面的空白,同时本研究得出的湖泊数据可以为其他研究人员提供一定的帮助。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2016-11-30; 改回日期(Accepted date):2018-1-10
基金项目(Foundation item):水利部公益性行业科研专项(2030311)。 [Special Funds for Public Welfare Industry Research Projects of the Ministry of Water Resources of the People's Republic of China(2030311).]
作者简介(Biography):梁斌(1992-),男,硕士研究生,河北衡水人,主要从事水土流失及地理信息系统方面的研究。[LIANG Bin(1992-), male, Postgraduates, born in Hebei Hengshui person, engaged in study of water and soil loss and GIS.] E-mail: 1509030398@qq.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):齐实(1964-),男,教授,陕西西安人,主要从事流域治理方面的教学与研究。[QI Shi(1964-), male, professor, bron in Shanxi Xi'an, specialized in teaching and studying in watershed management.] E-mail: qishi@bjfu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-03-30