LU Jiahao,NIU Fujun,Cheng Hua,et al.The Permafrost Distribution Model and Its Change Trend of Qinghai-Tibet Engineering Corridor[J].Mountain Research,2013,(02):226.





The Permafrost Distribution Model and Its Change Trend of Qinghai-Tibet Engineering Corridor
1.中国科学院冻土工程国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
2.外生成矿与矿山环境重庆市重点实验室(重庆地质矿产研究院),重庆 400042; 3煤炭资源与安全开采国家重点实验室重庆研究中心,重庆400042;
4.重庆能源职业学院, 重庆 400042
LU Jiahao NIU Fujun Cheng Hua LIN Zhanju LIU Hua Luo Jing(233)
1.State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000,China;
2.Chongqing Key Laboratory of Exogenic Mineralization and Mine Environment, Chongqing Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chongqing 400042,China; 3.Chongqing Research Center of State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and Safe Mining,Chongqing 400042,China;
4. Chongqing Energy College,Chongqing 400042,China
the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau permafrost model slopeaspect trend
青藏高原工程走廊多年冻土是地气系统相互作用的产物,气候环境决定了其分布的宏观格局,但局地因素如坡向等,在一定条件下,对小区域多年冻土的影响往往会超过大气候背景。通过Pearson相关性分析,选取了对青藏高原工程走廊多年冻土分布影响较大、在GIS技术支持下较容易量化的坡向,结合区域内29个钻孔点的长期地温监测数据,建立了年平均地温与高程、纬度及坡向之间的多元线性模型。根据青藏高原冻土工程地温分带指标,制作出了走廊内符合实际的冻土分布图。运用随气候变化的响应模型,预测了走廊内50 a后多年冻土将发生较大的变化:1.低温稳定区、低温基本稳定区的空间分布面积逐渐减小,分布界线向高海拔迁移;2.高温不稳...
The permafrost in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is resulted from the interaction of the atmosphereearth system. The atmosphere controls the macrostructure of the permafrost. However, some local factors such as slopeaspect, also greatly affect the permafrost status. According to the consequence of Pearson Correlation Analysis, we select some factors greatly influencing the permafrost distribution in a section from the Chumaer River to the Fenghuo Mountain in the Qinghai-Tibet Engineering Corridor. The factors that can be easily quantified by GIS were latitude, elevation and slopeaspect. Based on records of the mean annual ground temperature from 29 boreholes in the section, the relationship model between the mean annual ground and the elevation, latitude and slopeaspects is constructed using regression analysis method. When multiple correlation coefficient is significant with a value of 0936. Then a simulated map of permafrost distribution is produced through the indices for cold region engineering purpose. Every zone’s area is also calculated. Then, we predict the permafrost change in the study area after 50a, supposing the air temperature might rise 1.25℃. The prediction shows that the low temperature stable zone and substable zone might shrink from 14.98%, 15.96% at present to 4.81%, 14.45% respectively. At the same time, the high temperature unstable zone might greatly transform into high temperature extreme unstable zone, which might be in the degradation. Such changes will influence the local infrastructures seriously in future.


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收稿日期(Received date):2012-10-07;改回日期(Accepted) : 2013-01-02。
基金项目(Foundation item):科技部973计划项目(2012CB026101);国家自然科学重点
基金项目(41030741);国家自然科学创新群体 (41121061);冻土工程国家重点实验室自主项目(SKLFSE-2Y-07)资助。[Supported by the State Key Development Program of Basic Research of China(2012CB026101),the State Key Program of National Natural Science of China(41030741),the Foundation for Innovative Research Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(41121061)and the Independent Project of State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering,CAS(SKLFSE-2Y-07).]
作者简介(Biography):鲁嘉濠(1986-),男,湖南长沙人,硕士,工程师,主要研究方向为土地整治与灾害防治研究。[Lu Jiahao(1986-),male,born in Hunan,master,major in research on land consolidation and rehabilitation.] E-mail: lujiahao09@mails.ucas.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01