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High Quality Coordinated Development of Regional System of Traditional Villages in Huizhou, China
张 强12储金龙1*何金廖2许 艳3胡森林2余浩然4
(1. 安徽建筑大学 建筑与规划学院,合肥 230601; 2. 华东师范大学 城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062; 3. 安徽师范大学 地理与旅游学院,安徽 芜湖 241003; 4. 南京林业大学 风景园林学院,南京 210042)
ZHANG Qiang1 2 CHU Jinlong1* HE Jinliao2 XU Yan3 HU Senlin2 YU Haoran4
(1. School of Architecture and Planning, Anhui Jianzhu University, Hefei 230601, China; 2. School of Urban and Regional Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China; 3. School of Geography and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, Anhui, China; 4. School of Landscape Architecture, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210042, China)
传统村落地域系统 空间分异 类型划分 形成机制 高质量协同发展 徽州
regional system of traditional villages spatial differentiation typological division formation mechanism high-quality coordinated development Huizhou
促进传统村落地域系统高质量协同发展,是乡村振兴的应有之义。既有研究主要集中于自然生态和经济产业的耦合协同关系分析,忽略了社会系统的重要作用,缺少交叉学科的视野以及系统性的思维,难以凝练出操作性强的经验方法和指导意见。本研究以徽州地区五批次325个国家级传统村落为研究对象,深入剖析传统村落地域系统的综合发展水平、协同发展情况和形成机制,构建了文化资源-旅游经济-生态环境传统村落地域系统协同发展评价指标体系与评价模型。研究发现:(1)徽州传统村落的协同发展水平与综合发展水平大多处于中低水平,呈现出一带多点的空间分布态势。(2)象限矢量动力特征表明:徽州传统村落趋向于文化资源保存丰富和旅游经济发展良好的状态; 系统服务功能中物质文化资源与非物质文化资源、生态系统敏感性与生态系统服务功能均为显著的协同关系,旅游经济支撑条件与生态系统敏感性、生态系统服务功能为显著的权衡关系。(3)将综合发展水平与协同水平的两两交叉划分出9类协同发展类型,其中中等水平协同类型(156个)和低水平协同类型(130个)远多于其他类型。(4)在结构效应、规模效应和复合效应的影响下,传统村落地域系统不断实现低水平到高水平以及失调到协同的渐进式演化,最终实现系统的高质量协同发展。本研究可以为有效解决徽州传统村落现实困境、促进区域高质量协同发展提供理论支撑。
It is a new requirement of the times to realize a high-quality coordinated development of traditional villages. The regional system of traditional villages is the main bearer of China's ecological civilization construction and the excellent traditional culture inheritance and innovation. Past research on traditional villages mostly concerned about the coupling synergy between natural ecology and economic industry, but it ignored the pivotal role of social system. Due to being lack of interdisciplinary vision and systematic thinking, it could not conclude empirical methods and guidance with strong operability in strategic layout of traditional villages. In this study, it took 325 Traditional Chinese Villages(TCV)of five batches in Huizhou as research object. Their comprehensive development level, coupling synergy situation and evolution were investigated for creating an overall impression of the operation of the regional system of traditional villages. It introduced an evaluation index system and model to conduct the assessment from a synthetic perspective of cultural resources-tourism economy-ecological environment. We have following findings:(1)The general level of comprehensive development of the traditional villages in Huizhou and their coupling synergy situation were largely at a medium-low level, depicting a pattern of one belt along with multiple points in distribution.(2)According to the dynamic characteristics of quadrant vector, the traditional villages appeared to be in a state of richness in cultural resources and favorable stage in tourism economy. There was a significant synergistic relationship between material cultural resources and intangible culture resources in the system service function, and the same did between ecosystem sensitivity and ecosystem service function. Besides, the support conditions of tourism economy had significant trade-off relationships with ecosystem sensitivity and ecosystem service functions.(3)By pairwise cross-division of all traditional villages in terms of their comprehensive development level and coupling synergy situation, they could be sorted into 9 types of synergistic development along with corresponding development tactics, among which the medium-level of 156 and the low-level of 130 consisted of the majority.(4)Under the joint influence of structure benefit, scale benefit and compound effect, it is expected that the regional system of the traditional villages in Huizhou would continuously achieve a gradual evolution in a way from low-level toward high-level and from imbalance toward synergy, finally realizing a high-quality coordinated development of the system. This study can provide theoretical support for effectively dealing with practical issues of the regional system of traditional villages in Huizhou and promoting a local high-quality coordinated development.


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收稿日期(Received date): 2022-07-18; 改回日期(Accepted date): 2023-02-17
基金项目(Foundation item): 国家自然科学基金(51678001)。[National Natural Science Foundation of China(51678001)]
作者简介(Biography): 张强(1996-)男,四川泸州人,博士研究生,主要研究方向:城乡发展与历史遗产保护。[ZHANG Qiang(1996-)male, born in Luzhou, Sichuan province, Ph.D. candidate, research on urban and rural development and historical heritage protection] E-mail:up_zhangq@163.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author): 储金龙(1964-)男,安徽安庆人,博士,教授,主要研究方向:城乡发展与历史遗产保护。[CHU Jinlong(1964-)male, born in Anqing, Anhui province, Ph.D., professor, research on urban and rural development and historical heritage protection] E-mail:jlchu@ahjzu.edu.cn

更新日期/Last Update: 2023-01-30