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 SUI Yaobing,NIU Cunwen*,JIA Yangwen,et al.Precipitation, Temperature and Runoff for the Recent 60 Years in the Yellow River Water Conservation Area of China and Their Influence on Water Conservation[J].Mountain Research,2023,(1):41-55.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000729]

黄河水源涵养区近60 a降水、气温和径流演变及其对水源涵养的影响




Precipitation, Temperature and Runoff for the Recent 60 Years in the Yellow River Water Conservation Area of China and Their Influence on Water Conservation
岁姚炳牛存稳*贾仰文燕 翔王东东
(中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室,北京 100038)
SUI YaobingNIU Cunwen*JIA YangwenYAN XiangWANG Dongdong
(State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resource and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China)
时空变化 影响因素 趋势分析 InVEST模型 相关性分析 黄河水源涵养区
temporal and spatial variation influencing factors trend analysis InVEST model correlation analysis Yellow River water conservation area
P333; TV213; X171.1
明确水源涵养量时空演变特征及其主要影响因素,是提升区域水源涵养功能的重要前提。目前相关研究多关注影响因素和水源涵养量的相关关系,缺少对影响因素时空变化特征的分析,而且因地区不同,驱动要素的影响也存在差异。本文以黄河水源涵养区为研究对象,基于气象、水文、土壤、地形等数据,运用Pettitt、M-K趋势检验、小波分析和InVEST模型对降水、气温和径流的演变特征及其对水源涵养的影响进行分析。结果表明:(1)兰州以上地区(兰州站上游的黄河干支流地区)降水以8.06 mm/10a的趋势增加,渭河南山支流和伊洛河分别以0.15 mm/10a和2.62 mm/10a的速率波动减少。三区气温都呈上升趋势。三区径流分别以5.87×107、5.68×107和2.82×107 m3/a的趋势减少;(2)降水、气温和径流存在多种尺度的周期变化特征,在大尺度能量波动较大;(3)兰州以上地区多年平均水源涵养量为8.77×109 m3,渭河南山支流为1.73×109 m3,伊洛河为7.91×108 m3。兰州以上地区水源涵养总量最大,伊洛河单位面积水源涵养量最大;(4)1960—2019年,三区水源涵养量都呈下降趋势;(5)水源涵养量同降水和径流呈显著正相关关系,同气温呈负相关关系。本研究可为黄河水源涵养区水资源管理和生态保护提供依据。
Water conservation function(WCF)is an essential component of ecosystem services. Determination of the tempo-spatial fluctuation of WCF associated with governing factors is a prerequisite for guiding an efficient use of water resources and formulate a water security policy.Past research progress on WCF mostly referred to the construction of quantitative correlation between water conservation and its influence factors, but less was made to regional-specific spatiotemporal characteristics of these factors. And there were unknown about the difference in influences of the factors because of spatial heterogeneity.In this study, WCF was investigated in the Yellow River water conservation area of China using the Pettitt test, Mann-Kendall trend analysis, wavelet analysis, and InVEST model. Based on the data of meteorology, hydrology, soil, and topography data, the annual and seasonal variation of precipitation, temperature, and runoff were analyzed as well as their influence on water conservation.Results include:(1)The annual precipitation increased at a mean rate of 8.06 mm/10a in the area above Lanzhou(i.e., the mainstream and tributary area of the upper reaches of Lanzhou station in the Yellow River), but decreased in the Nanshan tributary of the Weihe River(0.15 mm/10a)and the Yiluo River basin(2.62 mm/10a). The three regions' annual and seasonal mean temperatures exhibited a gradual increasing trend. The yearly runoff decreased with a trend of 58.70 million m3/a, 56.80 million m3/a, and 28.20 million m3/a in the three regions, respectively;(2)There existed multiscale periodic variation pattern of annual precipitation, temperature, and runoff, with considerable energy fluctuations over a long period;(3)The multi-year-averaged water conservation amounts were 8.77, 1.73, and 0.79 billion m3 in the area above Lanzhou, the Nanshan tributary of the Weihe Rive, and the Yiluo River basin, respectively. The maximum total quantity of water conservation occurred in the area above Lanzhou. The Yiluo River basin had the largest per unit area quantity;(4)From 1960 to 2019, water conservation in the three regions decreased significantly;(5)Water conservation was significantly(P<0.05)positively correlated with precipitation and runoff, and negatively correlated with temperature. This research provides a reference for decision-making of water resources management and ecological protection in the Yellow River water conservation area of China.


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收稿日期(Received date): 2022-11-03; 改回日期(Accepted date): 2023-02-01
基金项目(Foundation item): 国家重点研发计划(2021YFC3201105); 国家自然科学基金(52009140)。 [National Key Research and Development Program of China(2021YFC3201105); National Natural Science Foundation of China(52009140)]
作者简介(Biography): 岁姚炳(1998-),男,河南邓州人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向:水文与水资源。 [SUI Yaobing(1998-), male, born in Dengzhou, Henan province, M.Sc. candidate, research on hydrology and water resource] E-mail: 2177764064@qq.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author): 牛存稳(1979-),男,河南安阳人,博士,正高级工程师,主要研究方向:水文与水资源。 [NIU Cunwen(1979-), male, born in Anyang, Henan province, Ph.D., professor of engineer, research on hydrology and water resource] E-mail: niucw@iwhr.com

更新日期/Last Update: 2023-01-30