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Space Zoning Identification and Control of Tourism Destinations in Eco-Sensitive Areas Based on All-in-One Strategy ——Taking Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan, China as an Example
雒占福梁晶晶张 蓉王家明
(西北师范大学 地理与环境科学学院,兰州730000 )
LUO Zhanfu LIANG Jingjing ZHANG Rong WANG Jiaming
(School of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China)
全域旅游 旅游舒适度 旅游分区 空间管制 阿坝州
all-in-one tourism tourism comfort tourism zone spatial regulation Aba Prefecture
A comprehensive exploitation of scenic spots over an area of tourism destinations based on an all-in-one strategy of tourism(referred to a type of tourism layout equipped with full factor, a whole industry, a complete process, all-round, a whole time-space, etc.)found itself highly in conflicts with land and space governance, particularly in eco-sensitive areas of southwestern China. To perform an investigation into a controlled division of tourism destinations is a theoretical exploration to encourage the integration of all-in-one tourism into land and space management and control, but also a great step to promote the scientific development of all-in-one tourism in ecologically fragile areas. Past research on tourism zoning was conducted mostly from an economic perspective or on a functional basis for administration purpose; little efforts involved with the tourism suitability of territorial space elements, neither a comprehensive application of all-in-one strategy of tourism.
In this study, it took Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan, China as a case study. It measured the spatial suitability of tourism activities in terms of a revised index of human comfort. And the performance of tourism development was evaluated by a comprehensive indicator system composed of tourism resource endowments, aesthetic merits of landscapes, socio-economic conditions, and ecological environment obligations. Based on the requirements of territorial space control, the all-in-one tourism in Aba was comprehensively identified and delineated.
The following results are listed here:(1)The spatial comfort level of Aba Prefecture gradually increased from northwest to southeast.(2)The overall evaluation for all-in-one tourism in Aba was classified as good or poor. The development conditions of tourism resources in the southeast and the counties along the national highway such as Wenchuan, Songpan, Maoxian, and Maerkang were better.(3)The spatial zoning of all-in-one tourism in Aba can be divided into four categories: optimized development zone, guided development zone, moderate development zone, and restricted development zone. Nearly 1/3 of the local land was the restricted development space. Each category should be governed by specific policy of land and space governance.(4)All-in-one tourism in Aba must implement the concept of all-in-one management and land control by a controlled division of tourism destinations with controlled policy. It should restraint an all-in-one tourism from a full regional development by tourism, or a full space-time exploitation, or even a full factor exploitation. This study can put an insight into a high-quality development of all-in-one tourism in the ecologically fragile areas of China.


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收稿日期(Received date):2022-08-12; 改回日期(Accepted date):2022-12-09
基金项目(Foundation item): 西北师范大学研究生科研资助项目(2021KYZZ02138)。[Postgraduate Research Funding Project of Northwest Normal University(2021KYZZ0213)]
作者简介(Biography): 雒占福(1975-),男,甘肃通渭人,博士,副教授,研究方向:城乡发展与空间规划。[LUO Zhanfu(1975-), male, born in Tongwei, Gansu province, Ph.D., associated professor, research on urban and rural development and spatial planning] E-mail: luozf200@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-12-30