[1]毕 瑞,甘 淑*,袁希平,等.复杂地貌无人机遥感3D场景构建[J].山地学报,2022,(1):151-164.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000662]
 BI Rui,GAN Shu*,YUAN Xiping,et al.3D Scene Construction of Complex Landform Based on UAV Remote Sensing[J].Mountain Research,2022,(1):151-164.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000662]
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复杂地貌无人机遥感3D场景构建
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2022年第1期
页码:
151-164
栏目:
山地技术
出版日期:
2022-02-04

文章信息/Info

Title:
3D Scene Construction of Complex Landform Based on UAV Remote Sensing
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2022)1-151-14
作者:
毕 瑞1甘 淑12*袁希平23高 莎1胡 琳1
1. 昆明理工大学 国土资源工程学院,昆明 650093; 2. 云南省高校高原山地空间信息测绘技术应用工程研究中心,昆明 650093; 3. 滇西应用技术大学,云南 大理 671000
Author(s):
BI Rui1 GAN Shu12* YUAN Xiping23 GAO Sha1 HU Lin1
1. School of Land and Resources Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China2. Research Center of Applied Engineering of Spatial Information Surveying and Mapping Technology of Plateau Mountain in Yunnan province, Kunming 650093, China; 3. West Yunnan University of Applied Sciences, Dali 671000, Yunnan, China
关键词:
无人机 遥感 3D场景构建 井字形格网 航线
分类号:
P23
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000662
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
针对地形起伏变化较小、形态特征单一的地貌,无人机遥感多采用“已”字形垂直视角或模拟多镜头垂直视角航线从5个方向对目标对象进行数据采集,构建3D场景,但是对于地貌形态、空间分布急剧变化的山地环境,通过传统航线方式获取地貌影像时容易出现工作效率低、飞行安全性低、精度低等问题,适宜的航线规划方案是确保无人机飞行安全、提高工作效率、获取高质量影像的前提。本文基于无人机遥感技术,以云南省恐龙谷南缘的环状构造地貌入口处的典型坑唇地貌为研究区,利用RTK无人机获取坑唇地貌山脊上的大坡度地层露头影像,规划井字形格网交叉倾斜视角航线,采用SfM和MVS算法构建3D场景,基于目视解译、GIS地形特征提取和分析等方法实现多角度、多方法、精确的地貌特征识别、量测和地形特征分析。研究表明:(1)井字形交叉格网倾斜航线能构建平均精度达97.4%,具有厘米级精度的大坡度地层露头地貌3D场景。(2)目视解译得到的11条地层露头平均长度为92.62 m、平均倾角为12.40°,中部地层露头分布稀疏,两侧较为密集,山脊上部的地层露头走向为西南—东北、中部为南—北、下部为东南—西北。(3)地层露头整体近似为连续的阶梯状错断分布,大部分地层露头分布在高程为1695~1715 m、坡度为40°~ 60°、坡向为西南的山脊中部,且山脊中部有2个明显断层,垂直断距为5.42 m和16.18 m,山脊下侧的地层露头坡度最大,地形变化明显。本研究成果可为利用无人机遥感技术在复杂山地环境下获取高质量地貌影像和精细化地貌识别及其地形特征分析提供一种有效的参考方法。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2021-04-02; 改回日期(Accepted date): 2022-01-01
基金项目(Foundation item): 国家自然科学基金(41861054)。[National Natural Science Foundation of China(41861054)]
作者简介(Biography):毕瑞(1996-),男,云南昆明人,博士研究生,研究方向:摄影测量与遥感,无人机遥感及其应用。[BI Rui(1996-), male, born in Kunming, Yunnan province, Ph.D. candidate, research on photogrammetry and remote sensing, UAV remote sensing and its application] E-mail:biergr805453393@163.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):甘淑(1964-),女,云南腾冲人,教授,博士,研究方向:资源环境遥感及 3S 技术应用。[GAN Shu(1964-), female, born in Tenchong, Yunnan province, Ph.D., professor, research on remote sensing and 3S technology application of resources and environment] E-mail:18142645886@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-01-30