[1]王 晶abc,赵 龙abc*,吴 辉,等.西南地区城市化进程加剧局地气象条件的空间差异[J].山地学报,2022,(1):120-135.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000660]
 WANG Jingabc,ZHAO Longabc*,WU Hui,et al.Urbanization Magnifies Spatial Variations of Local Meteorological Conditions in Southwest China[J].Mountain Research,2022,(1):120-135.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000660]
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西南地区城市化进程加剧局地气象条件的空间差异
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2022年第1期
页码:
120-135
栏目:
山区发展
出版日期:
2022-02-04

文章信息/Info

Title:
Urbanization Magnifies Spatial Variations of Local Meteorological Conditions in Southwest China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2022)1-120-16
作者:
王 晶1a1b1c赵 龙1a1b1c*吴 辉2董 欣1a曹芝毓1a马明国1a1b1c
1.西南大学 a.地理科学学院; b.重庆金佛山喀斯特生态系统国家野外科学观测研究站c.遥感大数据应用重庆市工程研究中心,重庆 400715; 2.北京弘象科技有限公司,北京 100081
Author(s):
WANG Jing1a1b1c ZHAO Long1a1b1c* WU Hui2 DONG Xin1a CAO Zhiyu1a MA Mingguo1a1b1c
1. a. School of Geographical Sciences; b. Chongqing Jinfo Mountain Karst Ecosystem National Observation and Research Stationc. Chongqing Engineering Research Center for Remote Sensing Big Data Application, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China2. Beijing Hongxiang Technology Co., LTD, Beijing 100081, China
关键词:
城市化 气象要素 空间差异 西南地区
分类号:
P467
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000660
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
土地利用覆被变化对于局地气象条件的演变具有重要影响。在过去几十年我国西南地区经历了较为明显的土地利用变化,而该区域土地利用转变背景下局地气象要素的时空差异尚缺乏定量研究。本文利用中国多时期土地利用土地覆被遥感监测数据集(CNLUCC)以及中国区域地面气象要素驱动数据集(CMFD),基于土地利用转移矩阵和距平分析方法,量化了西南地区1980—2018年的土地利用转变及典型区域下的气象要素(近地面气温、风速、向下长波辐射、降水)时间变化特征和空间差异。结果表明:(1)西南地区近四十年以城市化进程为主导,建设用地整体增加10 133 km2,重庆、成都以及昆明大城市面积扩张了2~4倍;(2)以城市化进程明显的0.5°网格为中心区,3°网格为背景场,可有效刻画土地利用变化背景下的局地气象要素时空演变差异,且该差异在上述三个城市呈现出明显的地域性特征。具体来说,成都在2000年后的城市化快速发展期呈现出较大的气象条件空间差异,2000—2010年气温、长波辐射距平以及风速和降水相对变化量中心区与背景场的最大差值分别为-0.69 K、-5.2 w·m-2、+22%、+20%,而2010—2018年二者差异反向,最大差值分别为+0.78 K、+4.3 w·m-2、-17%、-13%。重庆大部分气象要素时空差异与成都相近,但风速呈先减小后增大的趋势,1995—2009年间中心区高于背景场达22%。昆明的土地利用较为复杂,各气象要素变化较成都与重庆存在一定差异。这可能是因为较大面积的水体对气象要素的时空变化有一定的缓冲和调节作用。本研究可为西南地区土地利用尤其是城市化发展下的用地管理和城镇规划提供参考。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2021-08-21; 改回日期(Accepted date):2022-02-11
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金青年基金(41805133)。[Youth Fund of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41805133)]
作者简介(Biography):王晶(1998-),女,云南玉溪人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向:水文气象。[WANG Jing(1998-),female,born in Yuxi,Yunnan province,M. Sc. candidate,research on hydrometeorological analysis] E-mail: wjswu1106@163.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):赵龙(1985-),男,博士,副教授,主要研究方向:水文气象与陆面数据同化。[ZHAO Long(1985-),male,Ph.D.,associate professor,research on hydrometeorology and land data assimilation] E-mail: zhaol04@swu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-01-30