[1]苏鹏程,李 昊,汪 洋,等.喜马拉雅山中段冰湖体积估算与规模分级标准初探[J].山地学报,2022,(1):96-105.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000658]
 SU Pengcheng,LI Hao,WANG Yang,et al.Volume Estimation Method for Glacial Lakes Based on V-A Relationship and Its Scale Classification in Central Himalaya[J].Mountain Research,2022,(1):96-105.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000658]
点击复制

喜马拉雅山中段冰湖体积估算与规模分级标准初探
分享到:

《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2022年第1期
页码:
96-105
栏目:
山地灾害
出版日期:
2022-02-04

文章信息/Info

Title:
Volume Estimation Method for Glacial Lakes Based on V-A Relationship and Its Scale Classification in Central Himalaya
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2022)1-96-10
作者:
苏鹏程1李 昊12汪 洋1刘 威12
1.中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所,成都 610041; 2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
Author(s):
SU Pengcheng1 LI Hao12 WANG Yang1 LIU Wei12
1.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
冰湖体积 冰湖分级 经验公式 波曲河流域 喜马拉雅山
分类号:
P694; K903
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000658
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
全球气温升高造成喜马拉雅中段波曲河流域冰湖数量增多、面积增大,冰湖溃决频繁发生。冰湖体积作为冰湖研究的基础参数,是冰湖危险性评价、冰湖溃决洪峰流量估算以及防治工程设计的本底数据。国内国外基于观测数据拟合,对冰湖体积计算提出了经验公式,但这些公式用于喜马拉雅地区冰湖体积的估算尚存在一定的误差和局限性。在此基础上,本研究对喜马拉雅中段波曲河流域典型冰湖进行实地考察,利用多波束水下声纳测量与计算水下地形和库容,结合喜马拉雅地区其他冰湖的实测数据,建立了新的冰湖体积—面积经验公式,进一步发展了冰湖体积估算方法。对比已有的基于数据拟合的冰湖体积估算经验公式,本经验公式提高了估算精度,可以更准确地估算喜马拉雅地区冰湖体积。参考水利行业有关水库的分级标准,进行了基于体积的冰湖规模分级标准的探讨,以期为该流域防灾减灾及冰湖的规模定级标准提供参考。本研究成果对于冰湖溃决危险性分析与评价、溃决洪峰流量的估算以及洪水演进过程的模拟等方面具有重要的工程应用价值。

参考文献/References:

[1] 赵万玉,陈晓清,刘建康,等. 冰川终碛湖溃决—再生特征与机理[J]. 山地学报,2015,33(6):703-712. [ZHAO Wanyu, CHEN Xiaoqing, LIU Jiankang, et al. Outburst-regeneration characteristic and mechanism of glacier lake [J]. Mountain Research, 2015,33(6):703-712] DOI: 10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000085
[2] ZHANG G, BOLCH T, ALLEN S, et al. Glacial lake evolution and glacier-lake interactions in the Poiqu River basin, central Himalaya, 1964-2017 [J]. Journal of Glaciology, 2019, 65(251): 347-365. DOI: 10.1017/jog.2019.13
[3] NIE Yong, LIU Qiao, WANG Jida, et al. An inventory of historical glacial lake outburst floods in the Himalayas based on remote sensing observations and geomorphological analysis [J]. Geomorphology, 2018, 308: 91-106. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2018.02.002
[4] HARRISON S, KARGEL J S, HUGGEL C, et al. Climate change and the global pattern of moraine-dammed glacial lake outburst floods [J]. The Cryosphere, 2018, 12(4): 1195-1209. DOI: 10.5194/tc-12-1195-2018
[5] 朱颖彦,李朝月,杨志全,等.中巴喀喇昆仑公路冰湖溃决灾害[J]. 山地学报, 2021,39(4):524-538. [ZHU Yingyan, Li Chaoyue, YANG Zhiquan, et al. Glacier Lake Outburst Flood(GLOF)along China-Pakistan International Karakoram Highway(KKH)[J]. Mountain Research, 2021,39(4):524-538. DOI: 10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000617
[6] VEH G, KORUP O, WALZ A. Hazard from Himalayan glacier lake outburst floods [J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2020, 117(2): 907-912. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1914898117
[7] EMMER A, COCHACHIN A. The causes and mechanisms of moraine-dammed lake failures in the Cordillera Blanca, North American Cordillera, and Himalayas [J]. Acta Universitatis Carolinae. Geographica. Univerzita Karlova, 2013, 48(2):5-15. DOI: 10.14712/23361980.2014.23
[8] ALLEN S K, ZHANG G, WANG W, et al. Potentially dangerous glacial lakes across the Tibetan Plateau revealed using a large-scale automated assessment approach [J]. Science Bulletin, 2019, 64(7): 435-445. DOI: 10.1016/j.scib.2019.03.011
[9] NG F, LIU S, MAVLYUDOV B, et al. Climatic control on the peak discharge of glacier outburst floods [J]. Geophysical Research Letters, 2007, 34(21): L21503. DOI: 10.1029/2007GL031426
[10] 王欣,刘时银,郭万钦,等. 我国喜马拉雅山区冰碛湖溃决危险性评价[J]. 地理学报, 2009,64(7):782-790. [WANG Xin, LIU Shiyin, GUO Wanqin, et al. Hazard assessment of moraine-dammed lake outburst floods in the Himalayas, China [J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2009,64(7):782-790] DOI: 10.11821/xb200907002
[11] 刘琼欢.中国冰湖遥感调查与水量估算[D]. 湘潭: 湖南科技大学, 2016:1-84. [LIU Qionghuan. Investigation and estimating the storage of glacial lakes based on remote sensing data in western China [D]. Xiangtan: Hunan University of Science and Technology, 2016:1-84]
[12] EVANS L. The effectiveness of safety belts in preventing fatalities [J]. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1986, 18(3): 229-241. DOI: 10.1016/0001-4575(86)90007-2
[13] HUGGEL C, KAAB A, HAEBERLI W, et al. Remote sensing based assessment of hazards from glacier lake outbursts: A case study in the Swiss Alps [J]. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 2002, 39(2):316-330. DOI: 10.1139/T01-099
[14] YAO Xiaojun, LIU Shiyin, SUN Meiping, et al. Volume calculation and analysis of the changes in moraine-dammed lakes in the north Himalaya: A case study of Longbasaba Lake [J]. Journal of Glaciology, 2012, 58(210):753-760. DOI: 10.3189/2012JoG11J048
[15] SHANGGUAN Donghui, LIU Shiyin, DING Yongjian, et al. Glacier changes in the Koshi River basin, central Himalaya, from 1976 to 2009, derived from remote-sensing imagery [J]. Annals of Glaciology, 2014, 55(66):61-68. DOI: 10.3189/2014AoG66A057
[16] CHEN Xiaoqing, CUI Peng, LI Yong, et al. Changes in glacial lakes and glaciers of post-1986 in the Poiqu River basin, Nyalam, Xizang(Tibet)[J]. Geomorphology, 2007, 88(3-4):298-311. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.11.012
[17] 李均力, 盛永伟, 骆剑承, 等. 青藏高原内陆湖泊变化的遥感制图[J]. 湖泊科学, 2011,23(3):311-320. [LI Junli, SHENG Yongwei, LUO Jiancheng, et al. Remotely sensed mapping of inland lake area changes in the Tibetan Plateau [J]. Journal of Lake Sciences, 2011, 23(3): 311-320] DOI: 10.18307/2011.0301
[18] Zhang G, Bolch T, Allen S, et al. Glacial lake evolution and glacier-lake interactions in the Poiqu River basin, central Himalaya, 19642017[J]. Journal of Glaciology, 2019:1-19. DOI: 10.1017/jog.2019.13
[19] 冀琴,董军,刘睿,等. 1990—2015年喜马拉雅山冰川变化的遥感监测及动因分析[J]. 地理科学, 2020,40(3):486-496. [JI Qin, DONG Jun, LIU Rui, et al. Glacier changes in response to climate change in the Himalayas in 1990-2015 [J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2020,40(3):486-496] DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.03.017
[20] 王欣, 刘时银, 姚晓军, 等. 我国喜马拉雅山区冰湖遥感调查与编目[J]. 地理学报, 2010,65(1):29-36. [WANG Xin, LIU Shiyin, YAO Xiaojun, et al. Glacier lake investigation and inventory in the Chinese Himalayas based on the remote sensing data [J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2010,65(1):29-36] DOI: 10.11821/xb201001004
[21] 刘美. Bhote Koshi流域冰湖溃决成灾机制与危险性评估[D]. 北京:中国科学院大学, 2020:1-164. [LIU Mei. Glacial lake outburst flood/debris flow disaster mechanism and hazards assessment in Bhote Koshi Basin [D].Beijing: University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2020:1-164]
[22] 李震,陈宁生,张建平,等.波曲流域冰湖及其溃决灾害链特征分析[J].水文地质工程地质, 2014,41(4):143-148+152. [LI Zhen, CHEN Ningsheng, ZHANG Jianping, et al. Characteristics of the disaster chain of outburst and glacier lakes in the Boiqu River basin [J]. Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, 2014,41(4):143-148+152] DOI: 10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2014.04.020
[23] WANG Weicai, GAO Yang, Anacona P I, et al. Integrated hazard assessment of Cirenmaco glacial lake in Zhangzangbo valley, Central Himalayas [J]. Geomorphology, 2018, 306: 292-305. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.08.013
[24] SL 252-2000, 水利水电工程等级划分及洪水标准[S]. 北京: 中国水利水电出版社,2017.[SL 252-2000, Standard for rank classification and flood protection criteria of water and hydropower project [S]. Beijing:China Water Power Press, 2017]
[25] GB 50201-2014, 防洪标准[S]. 北京: 中国计划出版社, 2014. [GB 50201-2014, Standard for flood control [S]. Beijing: China Planning Press, 2014]
[26] 崔鹏,郭晓军,姜天海,等.“亚洲水塔”变化的灾害效应与减灾对策[J].中国科学院院刊, 2019,34(11):1313-1321. [CUI Peng, GUO Xiaojun, JIANG Tianhai, et al. Disaster effect induced by Asian Water Tower change and mitigation strategies [J]. Bulletin of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2019,34(11):1313-1321] DOI: 10.16418/j.issn.1000-3045.2019.11.014

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2021-03-03; 改回日期(Accepted date): 2022-02-25
基金项目(Foundation item):中国科学院西部青年学者项目; 国家自然科学基金(41877261、U19A2049); 中国地调局十三五重点项目(DD20190637); 西藏自治区自然资源厅防治能力体系建设项目(2020-0890-2)。[West Young Scholars Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences; National Natural Science Foundation of China(41877261、U19A2049); The 13th Five-Year Key Project of China Geological Survey(DD20190637); Construction of Prevention and Control Capacity System of Department of Natural Resources of Tibet Autonomous Region(2020-0890-2)]
作者简介(Biography):苏鹏程(1981-),男,安徽桐城人,博士,主要研究方向:地质灾害评估与工程减灾。[SU Pengcheng(1981-), male, born in Tongcheng, Anhui province, Ph.D., research on geological hazard assessment and engineering mitigation research]E-mail: supengcheng@imde.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-01-30