[1]朱颖彦,潘军宇,李朝月,等.中巴喀喇昆仑公路冰川泥石流[J].山地学报,2022,(1):71-83.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000656]
 ZHU Yingyan,PAN Junyu,LI Chaoyue,et al.Glacier Debris Flow along China-Pakistan International Karakoram Highway(KKH)[J].Mountain Research,2022,(1):71-83.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000656]
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中巴喀喇昆仑公路冰川泥石流
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2022年第1期
页码:
71-83
栏目:
山地灾害
出版日期:
2022-02-04

文章信息/Info

Title:
Glacier Debris Flow along China-Pakistan International Karakoram Highway(KKH)
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2022)1-71-13
作者:
朱颖彦12潘军宇1李朝月1杨志全1*廖丽萍3MUHAMMAD Waseem4
1.昆明理工大学 a.公共安全与应急管理学院; b.应急管理部地质灾害风险防控与应急减灾重点实验室,c.云南省高校高烈度地震山区交通走廊工程地质病害早期快速判识与防控重点实验室,昆明 6500932.中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所, 成都 610041; 3. 广西大学 土木建筑工程学院,南宁 5300044.白沙瓦工程与技术大学, 白沙瓦 巴基斯坦 25000
Author(s):
ZHU Yingyan12 PAN Junyu1 LI Chaoyue1 YANG Zhiquan1*LIAO Liping3 MUHAMMAD Waseem4
1. a. Faculty of Public Safety and Emergency Management, b. Key Laboratory of Geological Disaster Risk Prevention andControl and Emergency Disaster Reduction of Ministry of Emergency Management of the People’s Republic of China, c. Key Laboratory of Early Rapid Identification, Prevention and Control of Geological Diseases inTraffic Corridor of High Intensity Earthquake Mountainous Area of Yunnan Province, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China2.Chengdu Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources,Chengdu 610041,China3. College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004,China4. Department of Civil Engineering Peshawar Campus, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan
关键词:
中巴喀喇昆仑公路 冰川泥石流 冰川 分布 机制
分类号:
P954; P694
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000656
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
中巴公路北段穿越的西喀喇昆仑—喜马拉雅地区,高海拔冰川地貌与低海拔干热河谷地貌相邻丛生,在季风气候、丰沛的夏季降雪、悬殊的地形落差、频繁的地震、局地冰川运动和极端降雨等众多环境因素影响下,冰川泥石流极端发育,造成了中巴公路是世界最险峻的高原公路。然而,由于地缘政治与交通困难等原因,中巴公路冰川泥石流的专题研究几乎空白。基于十多年野外工作与历史文献分析,本研究对中巴喀喇昆仑公路冰川泥石流进行了全面分析总结。结果表明:(1)中巴公路冰川泥石流按海拔分布与成因,可分为冰川(积雪)消融型泥石流、冰崩雪崩型泥石流和冰湖溃决型泥石流三类;(2)泥石流的分布总体可划分为降雨泥石流带与冰川泥石流带。冰川泥石流带可细分为冰川降雨混合型泥石流带、冰川—冰湖溃决泥石流带、冻融泥石流带;(3)中巴公路泥石流的活跃状况在短期不会改变,甚至有可能当外部条件突变,如极端降雨,泥石流灾害会规模化爆发;(4)中巴公路应加强泥石流防治,尤其是帕苏冰川群,固加尔帕冰川群一带的泥石流沟,例如K676+450固尔金冰川、K677+660固加尔帕冰川等大型冰川补给型泥石流,应考虑工程设防。本文将为中巴公路沿线冰川泥石流灾害研究提供本底认识,将为区域自然灾害研究提供基础性数据支撑。

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相似文献/References:

[1]朱颖彦,李朝月,杨志全*,等.中巴喀喇昆仑公路冰湖溃决灾害[J].山地学报,2021,(4):524.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000617]
 ZHU Yingyan,LI Chaoyue,YANG Zhiquan*,et al.Glacier Lake Outburst Flood(GLOF)along China-Pakistan International Karakoram Highway(KKH)[J].Mountain Research,2021,(1):524.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000617]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2021-09-22; 改回日期( Accepted date):2022-02-10
基金项目(Foundation item):交通部西部交通建设科技项目(200831822156); 国家自然科学基金(41071058); 云南省万人计划“青年拔尖人才”专项(YNWR-QNBJ-2018-321)。[West Traffic Construction Science and Technology Project of Ministry of Communications(200831822156); National Natural Science Foundation of China(41071058); Yunan Ten Thousand Talents Plan Young & Elite Talents Project(YNWR-QNBJ-2018-321)]
作者简介(Biography):朱颖彦(1971-),男,湖北武汉人,博士,教授、副编审,主要研究方向:岩土力学与防灾减灾工程。[ZHU Yingyan(1971-), male, born in Wuhan, Hubei province, Ph.D., professor, senior editor, research on rock mechanics and disaster prevention and mitigation engineering] E-mail: zh_y_y@imde.ac.cn; yingyan.z@dal.ca
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):杨志全(1983-),男,博士,教授,主要研究方向:岩土力学与防灾减灾工程。[YANG Zhiquan(1983-), male, Ph.D., professor, research on rock mechanics and disaster prevention and mitigation engineering] E-mail:yzq1983816@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-01-30