[1]王 翔a,陈 果ab*,戴晓爱a,等.藏西南典型危险性冰湖监测与泥石流溃决模拟[J].山地学报,2021,(5):687-700.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000630)]
 WANG Xianga,CHEN Guoab*,DAI Xiaoaia,et al.Typical Monitoring of Dangerous Glacial Lakes in Southwestern Tibet,China and Simulation of GLOF Debris Flow[J].Mountain Research,2021,(5):687-700.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000630)]
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藏西南典型危险性冰湖监测与泥石流溃决模拟
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2021年第5期
页码:
687-700
栏目:
山地灾害
出版日期:
2021-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Typical Monitoring of Dangerous Glacial Lakes in Southwestern Tibet,China and Simulation of GLOF Debris Flow
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2021)5-687-14
作者:
王 翔1a陈 果1a1b*戴晓爱1a陈永俊2张诗琪1a
1. 成都理工大学 a.地球科学学院; b.生态环境学院,成都 610059; 2.中南大学 资源与安全工程学院,长沙 410083
Author(s):
WANG Xiang1a CHEN Guo1a1b* DAI Xiaoai1a CHEN Yongjun2 ZHANG Shiqi1a
1. a. College of Earth Sciences; b. College of Ecology and Environment, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China; 2. School of Resources and Safety Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
关键词:
藏西南 冰湖溃决 遥感监测 数值模拟
分类号:
P954
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000630)
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
藏西南地区位于喜马拉雅山脉中段,是我国冰湖溃决泥石流频发的重灾区之一。冰湖溃决泥石流数值模拟有助于认识灾害机理和评估灾害风险。冰湖溃决研究大多关注溃决洪水,针对青藏高原冰湖溃决泥石流的仿真模拟较少。本文基于1976—2018年Landsat系列遥感影像、野外调查和FLO-2D水文动力学模型等数据与方法,对藏西南地区典型冰湖强宗克措和吉莱普措开展动态变化分析、地貌调查和溃决泥石流模拟。结果表明:(1)气候变暖使得冰川不断退缩,致使典型冰湖规模持续扩张,强宗克措与吉莱普措的规模在近40 a分别增长了0.61 km2和0.26 km2;(2)触发冰湖溃决的地貌环境充分发育,冰湖发生溃决的潜在可能性增大,其中强宗克措尤为明显。因此,需进一步加强对强宗克措等典型冰湖的监测、预防和溃决灾害的治理;(3)FLO-2D模型可有效模拟复杂的冰湖溃决泥石流,有助于评估冰湖溃决灾害对下游的影响,模拟结果可作为制定下游地区灾害防治措施的依据。

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相似文献/References:

[1]朱颖彦,李朝月,杨志全*,等.中巴喀喇昆仑公路冰湖溃决灾害[J].山地学报,2021,(4):524.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000617]
 ZHU Yingyan,LI Chaoyue,YANG Zhiquan*,et al.Glacier Lake Outburst Flood(GLOF)along China-Pakistan International Karakoram Highway(KKH)[J].Mountain Research,2021,(5):524.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000617]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2020-11-15; 改回日期(Accepted date): 2021-10-16
基金项目(Foundation item):成都理工大学“珠峰科学研究计划”(80000-2020ZF11410); 青藏高原及其东缘人文地理研究中心开放基金(RWDL2021-ZD003)[“Everest Scientific Research Project” of Chengdu University of Technology(80000-2020ZF11410); Open Fund of Human Geography Research Center of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its Eastern Rim(RWDL2021-ZD003)]
作者简介(Biography):王翔(1994-),男,安徽池州人,博士研究生,主要研究方向:遥感与冰冻圈灾害。[WANG Xiang(1994-), male, Ph.D. candidate, research on cryosphere remote sensing and disaster] E-mail: wangxiang@stu.cdut.edu.cn
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):陈果(1986-),男,博士,副教授,主要研究方向:生态环境变化。[CHEN Guo(1986-), male, Ph.D., associate professor, research on ecological environment change] E-mail:chenguo17@cdut.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-09-30