[1]张信宝,胡凯衡*,刘 彧,等.古老的长江,年轻的三峡[J].山地学报,2021,(5):611-620.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000624)]
 ZHANG Xinbao,HU Kaiheng*,LIU Yu,et al.The Ancient Yangtze River versus the Young Three Gorges[J].Mountain Research,2021,(5):611-620.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000624)]
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古老的长江,年轻的三峡
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2021年第5期
页码:
611-620
栏目:
专家观点
出版日期:
2021-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Ancient Yangtze River versus the Young Three Gorges
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2021)5-611-10
作者:
张信宝12 胡凯衡1* 刘 彧23 张启源14 刘维明1 王世杰3
1.中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室, 成都 610041; 2. 中国科学院普定喀斯特生态系统观测研究站, 贵州 普定 562100; 3. 中国科学院地球化学研究所 环境地球化学国家重点实验室, 贵阳 550081; 4. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
Author(s):
ZHANG Xinbao12 HU Kaiheng1* LIU Yu23 ZHANG Qiyuan14 LIU Weiming1 WANG Shijie3
1. Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Earth Surface Process, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041,China; 2. Puding Karst Ecosystem Research Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Puding 562100, Guizou, China; 3.Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Science, Guiyang 550081,China; 4.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
古老的长江 年轻的三峡 金沙江 川江 堰塞湖阶地 基座阶地
分类号:
K928.42
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000624)
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
长江的形成演化长期以来一直是地貌学界关注的热点。论文在构造—气候—地貌耦合体系的框架下,通过长江上游不同类型河流阶地空间分布格局的分析,推演新生代以来长江上游的水系演化过程。古近纪长江上游地区为断陷湖盆内流水系,长江尚未形成。古老的长江形成于新近纪,川江是古长江的上游,在乌江汇口涪陵附近南流,沿乌江—沅江—洞庭湖汇入长江中游河段。这一时期,金沙江南流入海,未东流汇入川江。三峡贯通大致发生于新近纪—第四纪之交(年轻的三峡),原沿乌江南流的川江被袭夺东流,四川盆地内的川江及支流下切,形成连续稳定分布的基座阶地。西部高原的南北向古水系被袭夺东流,横断山区的金沙江、大渡河和岷江等河流急遽下切,深切河谷内滑坡阻河溃决形成的堰塞湖阶地发育。金沙江等河流溯源侵蚀过程仍在继续,但尚未影响到裂点以上的青藏高原面上河段,这些河段河谷内的阶地为堆积或埋藏阶地。分布于珠江流域的盲鱼(Sinocyclocheilus sanxiaensis,~0.55 Ma)出现在秭归附近的长江和云南高原与川中丘陵紫色土酸碱度的差异(前者酸性,后者中性偏碱性),这两个证据也是“年轻的三峡”的佐证。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2021-08-15; 改回日期(Accepted date): 2021-10-17
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金(91747207); 第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究专题项目(2019QZKK0902)。[The National Natural Science Foundation of China(91747207); The Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research Program(2019QZKK0902)]
作者简介(Biography): 张信宝(1946-),男,二级研究员,主要研究方向:土壤侵蚀与水土保持。[ZHANG Xinbao(1946-), male, professor, research on soil erosion, soil and water conservation] E-mail:zxbao@imde.ac.cn
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):胡凯衡(1975-),男,博士,研究员,主要研究方向:泥石流减灾理论与技术。[HU Kaiheng(1975-),male, Ph.D, professor, research on debris flow mechanism and mitigation] E-mail:khhu@imde.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-09-30