[1]吴善百,廖丽萍*,韦 遥,等.初始干密度对桂东南降雨型花岗岩残积土滑坡起动模式的影响[J].山地学报,2020,(6):881-893.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000564]
 WU Shanbai,,et al.Effect of Initial Dry Density on Initiation Mode of Rainfall-Induced Granite Residual Soil Landslide, Southeastern Guangxi Province, China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(6):881-893.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000564]
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初始干密度对桂东南降雨型花岗岩残积土滑坡起动模式的影响
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年第6期
页码:
881-893
栏目:
山地灾害
出版日期:
2021-05-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of Initial Dry Density on Initiation Mode of Rainfall-Induced Granite Residual Soil Landslide, Southeastern Guangxi Province, China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)6-881-13
作者:
吴善百123廖丽萍123*韦 遥123赵瑞华123杨云川123韦文智123
1.广西大学 土木建筑工程学院,南宁 530004; 2.工程防灾与结构安全教育部重点实验室,南宁 530004; 3.广西防灾减灾与工程安全重点实验室,南宁 530004
Author(s):
WU Shanbai1 2 3 LIAO Liping1 2 3* WEI Yao1 2 3 ZHAO Ruihua1 2 3 YANG Yunchuan1 2 3 WEI Wenzhi1 2 3
1. College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Guangxi University,Nanning 530004,China; 2. Guangxi Key Laboratory of Disaster Prevention and Engineering Safety,Guangxi University,Nanning 530004, China; 3. Key Laboratory of Disaster Prevention and Structural Safety of Ministry of Education,Guangxi University,Nanning 530004, China
关键词:
桂东南 初始干密度 花岗岩残积土 降雨型滑坡 起动模式
分类号:
P642
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000564
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
桂东南花岗岩残积土滑坡灾害频发,严重威胁该地区居民生命财产安全,制约当地社会经济发展。明晰初始干密度对花岗岩残积土滑坡起动过程的影响是滑坡预警与防治的科学基础。通过开展人工土槽模型试验,观测花岗岩残积土滑坡起动过程的共性与差异,分析土体含水率和孔隙水压力的变化特征,最终探讨初始干密度对滑坡起动模式的影响。结果表明:(1)在降雨强度分别为60 mm/h和90 mm/h条件下,当初始干密度由1.20 g/cm3增至1.40 g/cm3时,滑坡起动时间分别延迟17 min和13 min,且起动模式由突然滑动型转变为渐进破坏型;(2)滑坡起动过程具有显著的共性,在降雨初期,雨水完全入渗至坡内,坡脚土体率先软化滑动; 持续降雨导致坡面结皮现象发生,地表径流出现,低洼地带和冲沟形成;(3)初始干密度增加导致残积土抵抗雨水入渗能力增强,从而引起含水率和孔隙水压力响应时间延迟,孔隙水压力最大值和变化量减小。研究成果将为桂东南降雨型花岗岩残积土滑坡防治预警提供初步依据。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2020-03-23; 改回日期(Accepted date):2020-09-18
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金(41901132,51609041); 广西科技厅基金(2018GXNSFAA138187); 广西国土厅2018年项目(GXZC2018-G3-19302-JGYZ)。[ National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901132, 51609041); Natural Science Fund Project of Guangxi Province of China(2018GXNSFAA138187); Project of the Department of Land and Resources of Guangxi Province of China(GXZC2018-G3-19302-JGYZ)]
作者简介(Biography):吴善百(1997-),男,广西柳州人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向:地质灾害机理与防治技术。[WU Shanbai(1997-), male, born in Liuzhou, Guangxi province, M. Sc. candidate, research on mechanism and the prevention technology of geological hazards] E-mail: wushanbai@163.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):廖丽萍(1985-),女,博士,讲师,主要研究方向:地质灾害机理与防治技术。[LIAO Liping(1985-), female, Ph.D., lecturer, research on mechanism and the prevention technology of geological hazards] E-mail: 01llp@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-11-30