[1]张信宝,*,刘 彧,等.金沙江折向东流的地质背景、古堰塞湖沉积、第四纪河流演化[J].山地学报,2020,(6):805-815.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000557]
 ZHANG Xinbao,LIU Yu,HU Kaiheng,et al.Geological Implication of the Jinsha River Flowing Eastward,Ancient Dammed Lake Deposition, and Quaternary River Evolution in China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(6):805-815.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000557]
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金沙江折向东流的地质背景、古堰塞湖沉积、第四纪河流演化
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年第6期
页码:
805-815
栏目:
专家观点
出版日期:
2021-05-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Geological Implication of the Jinsha River Flowing Eastward,Ancient Dammed Lake Deposition, and Quaternary River Evolution in China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)6-805-11
作者:
张信宝1 2*刘 彧2 3*胡凯衡1胡传辉3 4代 彬34刘维明1
1.中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室,成都 610041; 2. 中国科学院普定喀斯特生态系统观测研究站,贵州 普定 562100; 3. 中国科学院地球化学研究所 环境地球化学国家重点实验室,贵阳 550081; 4. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
Author(s):
ZHANG Xinbao12 LIU Yu23 HU Kaiheng 1 HU Chuanhui3 4DAI Bin34 LIU Weiming1
1.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences & Ministry of Water Conservancy, Chengdu 610041, China; 2. Puding Karst Ecosystem Research Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Puding 562100, Guizhou, China; 3. Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, China; 4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
金沙江 折向东流 古堰塞湖沉积 第四纪河流演化
分类号:
931
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000557
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
金沙江干流展布受控于青藏高原东南缘的地质构造。沿川滇菱形断块西侧金沙江大断裂南流的金沙江,受断块南部楚雄—元谋隆起的阻挡,在石鼓附近折向东流,形成“长江第一湾”。位于金沙江断裂以西的澜沧江和怒江,因未受川滇菱形断块的影响,一直南流经东南亚入海。金沙江奔子栏—巧家河段的堰塞湖,自下游到上游主要有巧家湖、龙街湖、昔格达湖、涛源湖、大具湖、石鼓湖和奔子栏湖等。这些堰塞湖沉积均为大型河流的过水湖快速沉积,沉积相的最大特点是:粒度均一的厚层—巨厚层河湖相沉积,除孢子花粉外,几无其他化石,至今未发现哺乳动物化石。由于是过水湖快速沉积,古地磁、热释光、光释光、电子自旋共振等测年技术不适用于金沙江干流堰塞湖沉积物。根据可信度较高的上覆风成沉积物和昔格达组底部砂层宇生核素10Be—26Al埋藏年龄,金沙江奔子栏—巧家河段堰塞湖沉积物年龄上限为晚更新世,下限为早更新世晚期。第四纪以来的构造运动,特别是0.8 Ma以来的昆黄、共和运动,导致青藏高原东南缘的横断山脉快速隆升和冰冻圈形成,促进了堰塞湖的形成和溃决。考虑到冰冻圈出现的影响,金沙江奔子栏—巧家河段堰塞湖可能形成于0.8 Ma(昆黄运动)以后,沉积物年龄为中—晚更新世。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2020-08-11; 改回日期(Accepted date):2020-11-22
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金(41873025; 41401009; 91747207)。[National Natural Science Foundation of China(41873025; 41401009; 91747207)]
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):张信宝(1946-),男,二级研究员,主要研究方向:土壤侵蚀与水土保持。[ZHANG Xinbao(1946-), male, professor, research on soil erosion, water and soil conservation] E-mail: zxbao@imde.ac.cn; 刘彧(1985-),女,副研究员,主要研究方向:第四纪地质年代学与地貌学。[LIU Yu(1985-), female, associate professor, research on Quaternary geochronology and geomorphology] E-mail: liuyu@mail.gyig.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-11-30