[1]陈 露*,何 军,冉清红.喜马拉雅中段吉隆流域构造地貌数字特征[J].山地学报,2020,(5):787-797.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000555]
 CHEN Lu*,HE Jun,RAN Qinghong.Digital Features of Tectonic Landform of the Gyirong Watershed in the Middle Himalayas,China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(5):787-797.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000555]
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喜马拉雅中段吉隆流域构造地貌数字特征()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年第5期
页码:
787-797
栏目:
山地技术
出版日期:
2020-11-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Digital Features of Tectonic Landform of the Gyirong Watershed in the Middle Himalayas,China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)5-787-11
作者:
陈 露12*何 军3冉清红1
1.成都师范学院 西部人文研究所,成都 611130; 2.西藏自治区科技信息研究所,拉萨 850001; 3.西藏自治区水文水资源勘测局 山南水文水资源分局,西藏 山南 856000
Author(s):
CHEN Lu12* HE Jun3 RAN Qinghong1
1.Institute of Humanity Resources in Western China, Chengdu Normal University, Chengdu 611130, China; 2. Institute of Science & Technology Information of Tibet Autonomous Region, Lhasa 850001, China; 3. Shannan Branch of Hydrology and Water Resources Survey Bureau of Tibet Autonomous Region, Shannan 856000, Tibet, China
关键词:
数字地形特征 地形解释 构造地貌 吉隆流域 喜马拉雅造山带
分类号:
P931.2
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000555
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
在造山带发育的河流记录了山脉隆升历史,流域地貌蕴含丰富构造信息,开展造山带流域构造地貌研究对揭示地貌发育的动力机制、尺度效应和响应过程具有重要意义。受制于地形数据的尺度差异,造山带小尺度流域数字地形特征与构造响应之间的关系常常难以解释。利用Aster GDEM2,选取喜马拉雅造山带中段小空间尺度吉隆流域,计算14×76 km条带高程、200 m等高距地形起伏度和平均坡度三类基本地形指标,结合区域地质背景和喜马拉雅隆升过程,分析地形指标数字特征及其与构造、岩性、气候的关系。结果显示:条带高程的峰顶面曲线周期性变化较好地响应区域构造展布,表现为逆断层接触面和背斜翼部,峰顶面抬升; 在藏南拆离构造以北的北倾下滑正断层上盘和褶皱轴部,峰顶面降低; 平均高程先增加后稳定的形态指示吉隆流域具有高海拔、低起伏特征,是隆升沉降—剥蚀沉积过程长期作用的地形证据; 地形起伏度和平均坡度一致变化,反映了4000 m高程应为岩性和气候的垂直分异界线。本文基于普通数字高程模型提取基本地形指标的方法,适宜地形变化特征显著的小尺度流域构造地貌分析,为研究造山带地貌发育规律提供了新思路,验证了Aster GDEM2分析与解释地形特征的能力及其存在的典型地貌标志识别缺陷,可为进一步研究数字地形尺度效应和地貌解释提供借鉴。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2020-03-24; 改回日期(Accepted date):2020-08-26
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金项目(1461029); 成都师范学院引进人才专项(YJRC2016-6); 西藏自治区自然科学基金项目(2015ZR-13-66); 四川省教育厅“区域人文资源开发利用研究”创新团队(14TD0039)。[National Natural Science Foundation of China(1461029); Project of Talent Introduction by Chengdu Normal University(YJRC2016-6); Natural Science Foundation of Tibet Autonomous Region(2015ZR-13-66); Innovation Team of “Research on Development and Utilization of Regional Human Resources” of Sichuan Provincial Department of Education(14TD0039)]
*作者简介(Biography):陈露(1980-),女,四川达州人,理学博士,副教授,主要研究方向:第四纪地质学与青藏高原景观地学。[CHEN Lu(1980-),female,born in Dazhou,Sichuan province,Ph. D.,assistant professor, specialized in quaternary geology and landscape geoscience in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.] E-mail: 051052@cdnu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-09-30