[1]易连兴.负压水动力场对岩溶滑坡的作用——以威宁猴场滑坡为例[J].山地学报,2020,(5):691-698.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000546]
 YI Lianxing.Influence of Negative Hydrodynamic Pressure Field on Landslide:A Case Study of Houchang Landslide in Weining, China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(5):691-698.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000546]
点击复制

负压水动力场对岩溶滑坡的作用——以威宁猴场滑坡为例()
分享到:

《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年第5期
页码:
691-698
栏目:
山区灾害
出版日期:
2020-11-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Influence of Negative Hydrodynamic Pressure Field on Landslide:A Case Study of Houchang Landslide in Weining, China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)5-691-08
作者:
易连兴
中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所 自然资源部、广西岩溶动力学重点实验室,广西 桂林 541004
Author(s):
YI Lianxing
Key Laboratory of Karst Dynamics, Ministry of Natural Resources, Institute of Karst of Geology, CAGS, Guilin 541004, Guangxi, China
关键词:
猴场滑坡 岩溶石山 负压水动力场 新型成灾模式
分类号:
P694
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000546
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
我国西南有世界上最大的连片裸露岩溶山区,受极端气候变化和大规模人类工程活动的持续影响,特大岩溶滑坡频发; 80%以上滑坡的发生与地下水有密切关系。当前,地下水对滑坡影响作用的研究主要针对非岩溶区,对于岩溶山区则相对研究较少,岩溶山区特大滑坡失稳机理和新型成灾模式理论研究成为亟待解决的重大前沿科学问题。本文以贵州省威宁县猴场岩溶石山大型滑坡为研究对象,通过对滑坡区域岩溶发育特征、水文地质条件调查与分析,结合Google卫星图像对比,取得主要结论:(1)滑坡区灰岩与下伏碎屑岩接触带岩溶强发育,接触带上的岩溶空间以及煤层采空区是岩层下沉或滑坡基本影响因素;(2)滑坡区后缘垂直裂隙是由褶皱构造所形成经后期营造和本次扰动叠加作用后形成大型拉裂缝,这些裂缝是导致不同区域岩层失稳下沉或滑坡的另一个基本影响因素;(3)提出和建立负压水动力场对滑坡或岩层下沉的影响作用新型成灾模式,对西南岩溶石山滑坡成因研究,以及提升岩溶山区地质灾害防灾减灾具有一定意义。

参考文献/References:

[1] 袁道先,刘再华,林玉石,等.中国岩溶动力系统[M].北京:地质出版社,2002:1-5. [YUN Daoxian, LIU Zaihua, LIN Yushi,et al. China karst power system[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House,2002:1-5]
[2] 王立朝.贵州水城“7·23”特大山体滑坡[J].中国地质灾害与防治学报,2019,30(4):8. [WANG Lichao. "7·23" landslide in Shuicheng, Guizhou[J]. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control,2019,30(4):8]
[3] 李滨, 冯振,张勤,等.岩溶山区特大崩滑灾害成灾模式与早期识别研究[M].北京:科学出版社,2016:1-4.[LI Bin, FENG Zhen, ZHANG Qin, et al. Study on disaster-forming model and early recognition of oversize collapse and slide disaster in karst mountainous area[M]. Beijing: Science Press,2016:1-4]
[4] 周家文,陈明亮,李海波,等.水动力型滑坡形成运动机理与防控减灾技术[J].工程地质学报,2019,27(5):1131-1145.[ZHOU Jiawen, CHEN Mingliang, LI Haibo, et al. Formation and movement mechanisms of water-induced landslides and hazard prevention and mitigation techologies[J]. Journal of Engineering Geology, 2019, 27(5):1131-1145]
[5] 罗渝,何思明,宋鹏飞.高速远程滑坡的热-水-力动力学研究现状与展望[J].灾害学,2016,31(4):162-165.[LUO Yu, HE Siming, SONG Pengfei. Research status and prospects of thermo-poro-mechanical analysis of long runout landslides motions[J]. Journal of Catastrophology, 2016,31(4):162-165]
[6] 程鹏翔,李宗发. 贵州武陵山区中二叠统崩塌地质灾害形成机理研究[J].中国岩溶,2019,38(4):565-572. [CHENG Pengxiang, LI Zongfa. Mechanism of geological hazards in the middle permian collapse in the Wulingshan mountains of Guizhou province[J]. Carsologica Sinica, 2019,38(4): 565-572]
[7] 徐则民.水岩化学作用对斜坡水文地质及滑坡的影响[J].自然灾害学报,2007,16(5):16-23.[XU Zemin. Effect of chemical water-rock interaction on hydrogeology and landslide of slope[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 2007,16(5):16-23]
[8] 王成华,谭万沛,罗晓梅.小流域滑体危险性区划研究——以孙水河为例[J].山地学报,2000,18(1):31-36.[WANG Chenghua, TAN Wanpei, LUO Xiaomei. The research of landslide's danger devision in county region-take Suishuihe vialley as the example[J]. Mountain Research, 2000, 18(1):31-36]
[9] 白云峰,周德培.319国道涪陵至彭水沿线滑坡发育特征[J].山地学报,2003,21(6):721-725. [BAI Yunfeng, ZHOU Depei. Development of landslides from Fuling to Pengshui section along the No.319 national road[J]. Mountain Research, 2003,21(6):721-725]
[10] IADANZA C, TRIGILA A, NAPOLITANO F. Identification and characterization of rainfall events responsible for triggering of debris flows and shallow landslides[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2016, 541:230-245.
[11] MUNTOHAR A H J. Rainfall infiltration: infinite slope model for landslides triggering by rainstorm[J]. Natural Hazards, 2010, 54(3): 967-984.
[12] 顾成壮,胡卸文,方力,等.四川汉源二蛮山高速滑坡—碎屑流基本特征及地质演化[J].山地学报,2014,32(5):568-578. [GU Chengzhuang, HU Xiewen, FANG Li, et al. Basic characteristics and evolution history of Ermanshan high-speed slide-debris flow in Hanyuan, Sichuan[J]. Mountain Research, 2014,32(5):568-578]
[13] 徐辉,刘海知.诱发滑坡的多尺度降雨特征[J].山地学报,2019,37(6):858-867.[XU Hui, LIU Haizhi. Multi-scale rainfall characteristics of rainfall-induced landslides[J]. Mountain Research, 2019, 37(6):858-867]
[14] 李沁汶,王玉宽,徐佩,等.未来气候变化情景下横断山北部灾害易发区极端降水时空特征[J].山地学报,2019,37(3):400-408.[LI Qinwen, WANG Yukuan, XU Pei, et al. Changes of extreme precipitation patterns for disaster prone areas in the north of the Hengduan mountains under climate change[J]. Mountain Research, 2019, 37(3): 400-408]
[15] 兰恒星,周成虎,李焯芬,等.瞬时孔隙水压力作用下的降雨滑坡稳定性响应分析:以香港天然降雨滑坡为例[J].中国科学E辑:技术科学,2003,33(12):119-136. [LAN Hengxing, ZHOU Chenghu, LI Zhuofen, et al. Stability response analysis of rainfall-induced landslides under transient pore water pressure: a case study of rainfall-induced landslides in Hong Kong[J].Science In China Ser.E:Technonogical Sciences,2003,33(12):119-136]
[16] 王如宾,夏瑞,祁健,等.水动力型滑坡堆积体渗流稳定性数值分析[J].三峡大学学报(自然科学版),2019,41(2):50-54. [WANG Rubin, XIA Rui, QI Jian, et al. Numerical analysis of seepage stability of hydrodynamic-induced landslide deposits[J]. Journal of China Three Gorges University(Natural Sciences),2019,41(2):50-54]
[17] 张泰丽,周爱国,孙强,等.台风暴雨条件下滑坡地下水渗流特征及成因机制[J].地球科学,2017,42(12):2354-2362. [ZHANG Taili, ZHOU Aiguo, SUN Qiang, et al. Characteristics of the groundwater seepage and failure mechanisms of landslide induced by typhoon rainstorm[J].Earth Science, 2017,42(12):2354-2362]
[18] 张季如,李明海,尹光辉.209国道许家湾滑坡的成因及治理对策[J].山地学报,2003,21(2):234-238. [ZHANG Jiru, LI Minghai, YIN Guanghui. Formation cause analysis of Xujiawan landslide in the No.209 national road and its treatment[J]. Mountain Research, 2003,21(2):234-238]
[19] 林锋,孙赤,冯亮.近水平煤层开采诱发崩塌形成机理分析[J].中国地质灾害与防治学报,2013,24(3):8-12.[LIN Feng, SUN Chi, FENG Liang. Formation mechanism research of collapse induced by mining in nearly horizontal coal bed[J]. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control,2013,24(3):8-12]
[20] 林锋,冯亮,孙赤,等.强烈岩溶控制型崩塌形成机理研究[J].工程地质学报,2015,23(3):408-414. [LIN Feng, FENG Liang, SUN Chi, et al. Formation mechanism of rockfall controlled by intensively developed karst[J]. Journal of Engineering Geology,2015,23(3):408-414]
[21] 李源航.贵州二叠系茅口组古岩溶发育特征及水文地质意义探讨[J].贵州地质,2014,31(2):141-146. [LI Yuanhang. Discussion of development characters and hydro-geological significance of paleo karst in Maokou formation, permian in Guizhou[J]. Guizhou Geology, 2014,31(2):141-146]
[22] 王明章,陈萍.贵州二叠系茅口组古岩溶及其埋藏型地下水系统研究[J].贵州地质,2012,29(4):283-289.[WANG Mingzhang, CHEN Ping. Paleokarst and its buried groundwater system of Maokou formation of permian in Guizhou[J]. Guizhou Geology, 2012,29(4):283-289]
[23] 李忆平,王劲松,李耀辉.2009/2010年中国西南区域性大旱的特征分析[J].干旱气象,2015,33(4):537-545.[LI Yiping, WANG Jinsong, LI Yaohui. Characteristics of a regional meteorological drought event in southwestern China during 2009-2010[J]. Journal of Arid Meteorology, 2015,33(4):537-545]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2019-12-16; 改回日期(Accepteddate):2020-10-10
基金项目(Foundation item):国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC1504800)。[National Key Research and Development Program of China(2018YFC1504800)]
作者简介(Biography):易连兴(1963-),男,学士,研究员,主要研究方向:岩溶水文地质研究。[YI Lianxing(1963-), male, bachelor, professor, research on karst hydrogeology] E-mail:yilx79@karst.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-09-30