[1]穆振北,游巍斌*,张秀芳,等.中国世界遗产空间格局及其交通可及性分析[J].山地学报,2020,(03):436-448.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000523]
 MU Zhenbei,YOU Weibin*,ZHANG Xiufang,et al.Spatial Patterns and Transportation Accessibility Analysis of World Heritages in China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(03):436-448.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000523]
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中国世界遗产空间格局及其交通可及性分析()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年03期
页码:
436-448
栏目:
山区发展
出版日期:
2020-05-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Spatial Patterns and Transportation Accessibility Analysis of World Heritages in China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)3-436-13
作者:
穆振北1游巍斌1*张秀芳1林美娇1何东进12
1.福建农林大学 林学院,福州350002; 2.福建农林大学 金山学院,福州350002
Author(s):
MU Zhenbei1 YOU Weibin1* ZHANG Xiufang1 LIN Meijiao1 HE Dongjin12
1. College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002,China; 2. College of Jinshan, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
关键词:
世界遗产 空间分析 空间句法 中国自然保护地 GIS
分类号:
P942
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000523
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
世界遗产是具有突出意义和普遍价值的文化和自然资源,其区域空间分布格局与交通可及性对遗产资源的综合规划和系统保护具有重要意义。本文以中国已申遗成功的53处(截止2018年12月)各类世界遗产为研究对象,采用探索性空间分析和空间句法等方法分析中国世界遗产的空间分布特征及其交通可及性。结果表明:(1)在空间格局上,世界遗产分布特征总体上呈带状、组团状,各类型世界遗产集聚区域差异明显。承载优越古代文明要素的文化遗产(包括双重遗产)集中于中东部地区; 而以独特自然环境和地形地貌为优势的自然遗产集中分布在西南地区;(2)华中、华东、华北地区连接遗产资源的各类路网(高铁、普铁、国道和高速公路)的集成度和控制值2个指标明显优于西北和西南地区。北京、上海、武汉和西安等区域中心城市的路网控制值和连接值最优。长三角和珠三角地区的空运水运能力最为突出。路网结构密切影响着世界遗产的交通可及性;(3)文化遗产和双重遗产的交通通达指数较高,主要位于交通通达性指数等级的第一、二等级; 而自然遗产的交通通达指数较低,主要属于第三等级;(4)山区地形和经济发展水平一定程度制约了我国遗产资源的交通可及性,并造成区域发展之间的不平衡; 未来世界遗产申报管理中应该充分关注各遗产类型区域发展的不平衡性,并将其纳入当前国家尺度上的中国自然保护地体系建设规划与综合保护之中。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2019-07-25; 改回日期(Accepted date): 2020-05-07
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金资助项目( 41301203); 福建农林大学林学高峰学科建设项目( 712018007)。[National Natural Science Foundation of China(41301203); the Forestry Academic Summit Discipline Construction Project of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University(712018007)]
作者简介(Biography):穆振北(1995-),男,河北沧州人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向:自然资源管理。[MU Zhenbei(1995- ), male, born in Cangzhou, Hebei province, M.Sc.candidate, research on natural resource management]Email:17731993739@163.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):游巍斌(1984-),男,福建南平人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向:景观地理学与自然资源学。[YOU Weibin(1984-), male, born in Nanping, Fujian province, Ph.D., associate professor, research on landscape geography and natural resources]E-mail:weibinyou@fafu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-05-30