[1]林思婷,陈兴伟,*,等.福建省前后汛期最大一日降水量的时空变化[J].山地学报,2020,(03):384-393.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000518]
 LIN Siting,CHEN Xingwei,*,et al.Temporal and Spatial Variations of Maximum Daily Precipitation in the First and the Second Rainy Seasons in Fujian Province, China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(03):384-393.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000518]
点击复制

福建省前后汛期最大一日降水量的时空变化()
分享到:

《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年03期
页码:
384-393
栏目:
山地环境
出版日期:
2020-05-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Temporal and Spatial Variations of Maximum Daily Precipitation in the First and the Second Rainy Seasons in Fujian Province, China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)3-384-10
作者:
林思婷1陈兴伟1 2*黄 婕1
1. 福建师范大学 地理科学学院,福州 350007; 2. 福建省陆地灾害监测评估工程技术研究中心,福州 350007
Author(s):
LIN Siting1 CHEN Xingwei1 2* HUANG Jie1
1. School of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China; 2. Fujian Provincial Engineering Research Center for Monitoring and Assessing Terrestrial Disasters, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
关键词:
极端降水 日最大降水 空间差异 前后汛期 福建省
分类号:
P467
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000518
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
极端降水是洪涝灾害发生的主要原因之一。为了进一步揭示福建省极端降水的时空变化规律,根据福建省25个气象站点1960—2013年的逐日降水数据,应用平均值、相对值、频次统计等方法,统计比较了福建省前后汛期最大一日降水量的时间变化及其空间差异。结果表明:(1)根据前后汛期最大一日降水量变化,福建省极端降水可分为单汛型、双汛型,其中单汛型包括前汛型和后汛型,双汛型包括前高后低型和前低后高型。(2)前后汛期最大一日降水量具有明显的空间差异,从西部内陆向东部沿海呈现出前汛型—前高后低型—前低后高型—后汛型的转变。(3)前汛期最大一日降水量在54年间的变化趋势并不显著,而后汛期的最大一日降水量在大多数站点都呈现比较明显的增加趋势,即台风降水的影响趋于增大。

参考文献/References:

[1] KARL T R, KNIGHT R W. Secular trends of precipitation amount, frequency, and intensity in the United States [J]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 1998, 79(2): 231-241.
[2] STONE D A, WEAVER A J, ZWIERS F W. Trends in Canadian precipitation intensity [J]. Atmosphere-Ocean, 2000, 38(2): 321-347.
[3] TANK A M G K, KONNEN G P. Trends in indices of daily temperature and precipitation extremes in Europe, 1946-99 [J]. Journal of Climate, 2003, 16(22): 3665-3680.
[4] YAMAMOTO R, SAKURAI Y. Long-term intensification of extremely heavy rainfall intensity in recent 100 years [J]. World Resources Review, 1999, 11(7): 271-281.
[5] PETERSON T C, TAYLOR M A, DEMERITTE R, et al. Recent changes in climate extremes in the Caribbean region [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 2002, 107(21): 4601-4609.
[6] NEW M, HEWITSON B, STEPHENSON D B, et al. Evidence of trends in daily climate extremes over southern and west Africa [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 2006, 111(14): 3007-3021.
[7] 翟盘茂, 王萃萃, 李威. 极端降水事件变化的观测研究 [J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2007, 3(3): 144-148. [ZHAI Panmao, WANG Cuicui, LI Wei. A review on study of change in precipitation extremes [J]. Advances in Climate Change Research, 2007, 3(3): 144-148]
[8] 杨金虎, 江志红, 王鹏祥, 等. 中国年极端降水事件的时空分布特征 [J]. 气候与环境研究, 2008, 13(1): 75-83. [YANG Jinhu, JIANG Zhihong, WANG Pengxiang, et al. Temporal and spatial characteristic of extreme precipitation event in China [J]. Climatic and Environmental Research, 2008,13(1): 75-83]
[9] WESTRA S, ALEXANDER L V, ZWIERS F W. Global increasing trends in annual maximum daily precipitation [J]. Journal of Climate, 2013, 26(11): 3904-3918.
[10] 王晓利. 中国沿海极端气候变化及其对NDVI的影响特征研究 [D]. 烟台: 中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所, 2017: 106-108. [WANG Xiaoli. Variation of extreme climate and its impact on NDVI in the coastal area of China [D]. Yantai: Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2017: 106-108]
[11] 苏志重, 石顺吉, 张伟, 等. 1960-2010年福建省极端降水事件变化趋势分析 [J]. 暴雨灾害, 2016, 35(2): 166-172. [SU Zhizhong, SHI Shunji, ZHANG Wei, et al. Analysis of the trends of extreme precipitation events over Fujian Province from 1960 to 2010 [J]. Torrential Rain and Disasters, 2016, 35(2): 166-172]
[12] 陶诗言. 中国之暴雨 [M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 1980: 1-71. [TAO Shiyan. The Rainfall in China [M]. Beijing: China Meteorological Press, 1980: 1-71]
[13] 任广成, 范飞龙, 沈爱华. 东南沿海前汛期与后汛期降水的比较分析 [J]. 海洋预报, 2007, 24(1): 16-24. [REN Guangcheng, Fan Feilong, SHEN Aihua. Comparison researches on the rainfall of the former and latter flood season in the southeast coastal area of China [J]. Marine Forecasts, 2007, 24(1): 16-24]
[14] 江秀芳. 福建省前后汛期极端降水时空特征对比 [D]. 南京: 南京信息工程大学, 2013: 9-16. [JIANG Xiufang. Characteristics of spatial and temporal variations of extreme precipitation during the pre-flood and post-flood seasons in Fujian [D]. Nanjing: Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, 2013: 9-16]
[15] 黄婕, 高路, 陈兴伟, 等. 东南沿海前汛期降水极值变化特征及归因分析 [J]. 地理学报, 2016,71(1): 153-165. [HUANG Jie, GAO Lu, CHEN Xingwei, et al. Variation of extreme precipitation and its causes during the first rainy season in the southeast coastal region of China [J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2016, 71(1): 153-165]
[16] GAO L, HUANG J, CHEN X W, et al. Risk of extreme precipitation under nonstationarity conditions during the second flood season in the southeastern coastal region of China [J]. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 2017, 18(3): 669-681.
[17] 张婷, 魏凤英. 华南地区汛期极端降水的概率分布特征 [J]. 气象学报, 2009, 67(3): 442-451. [ZHANG Ting, WEI Fengying. Probability distribution of precipitation extremes during raining seasons in South China [J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 2009, 67(3): 442-451]
[18] 许金镜, 林新彬, 温珍治, 等. 福建暴雨频数的变化特征 [J].台湾海峡, 2004, 23(4): 514-520. [XU Jinjing, LIN Xinbin, WEN Zhenzhi, et al. Discussing on variation and influence factor of rainstorm frequency in Fujian [J]. Journal of Oceanography In Taiwan Strait, 2004, 23(4): 514-520]
[19] 林小红, 任福民, 刘爱鸣, 等. 近46年影响福建的台风降水的气候特征分析 [J]. 热带气象学报, 2008, 24(4): 411-416. [LIN Xiaohong, REN Fumin, LIU Aiming, et al. Climate variation features of typhoon precipitation influencing Fujian for the past 46 years [J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology, 2008, 24(4): 411-416]
[20] 聂明华, 严平勇. 福建省降水时空分布规律分析 [J]. 广东农业科学, 2008(6): 147-148. [NIE Minghua, YAN Pingyong. Analysis of precipitation temporal and spatial distribution of Fujian Province [J]. Guangdong Agricultural Sciences, 2008(6): 147-148]
[21] 曾秀娟, 陈兴伟. 福建省年最大一日降水发生时间的空间差异 [J]. 亚热带资源与环境学报, 2018, 13(4): 41-46. [ZENG Xiujuan, CHEN Xingwei. Spatial variation of the time of maximum daily precipitation in Fujian Province [J]. Journal of Subtropical Resources and Environment, 2018, 13(4): 41-46]
[22] 李宏毅, 林朝晖, 陈红. 我国华南4、5月份降水年代际变化的特征及其与中西太平洋海温的可能关系 [J]. 气候与环境研究, 2012, 17(4): 481-494. [LI Hongyi, LIN Zhaohui, CHEN Hong. Characteristics of the interdecadal variability of precipitation in April and May over South China and possible relationship with the mid-West Pacific SST [J]. Climatic and Environmental Research, 2012, 17(4): 481-494]
[23] 刘静, 管兆勇, 龚振彬, 等. 近30a福建省前汛期极端降水事件特征及其成因 [J]. 气象科学, 2016, 36(1): 28-35. [LIU Jing, GUAN Zhaoyong, GONG Zhenbin, et al. Characteristics and causes of extreme precipitation events over Fujian Province during May and June in recent three decades [J]. Journal of the Meteorological Sciences, 2016, 36(1): 28-35]
[24] 秦大河, 丁一汇, 苏纪兰, 等. 中国气候与环境演变评估(I): 中国气候与环境变化及未来趋势 [J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2005, 1(1): 4-9. [QIN Dahe, DING Yihui, SU Jilan, et al. Assessment of climate and environment changes in China(I): Climate and environment changes in China and their projection [J]. Advances in Climate Change Research, 2005, 1(1): 4-9]
[25] 邱文玉. 我国东南沿海台风极端降水特征及成因初探 [D]. 南京: 南京信息工程大学, 2014: 27-30. [QIU Wenyu. Characteristics of tropical cyclone extreme precipitation and its preliminary causes in China's southeast coast [D]. Nanjing: Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, 2014: 27-30]
[26] 钮学新, 杜惠良, 滕代高, 等. 影响登陆台风降水量的主要因素分析 [J]. 暴雨灾害, 2010, 29(1): 76-80. [NIU Xuexin, DU Huiliang, TENG Daigao, et al. Main factors affecting the rainfall caused by landing typhoons [J]. Torrential Rain and Disasters, 2010, 29(1): 76-80]

相似文献/References:

[1]张延伟,魏文寿,姜逢清,等.1961—2008年新疆极端降水事件的变化趋势[J].山地学报,2012,(04):417.
 ZHANG Yanwei,WEI Wenshou,JIANG Fengqing,et al.Trends of Extreme Precipitation Events over Xinjiang during 1961—2008[J].Mountain Research,2012,(03):417.
[2]汶林科,崔鹏,杨红娟,等.ENSO与长江流域中游地区雨季极端降水的关系[J].山地学报,2011,(03):299.
 WEN Linke,CUI Peng,YANG Hongjuan,et al.The Relationship between ENSO and the the Precipitation Extremes alongthe Middle Reaches of Yangtze River during the Monsoon Season[J].Mountain Research,2011,(03):299.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2019-12-29; 改回日期(Accepted date):2020-05-10
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金项目(41877167)。 [National Natural Science Foundation of China(41877167)]
作者简介(Biography):林思婷(1996-),女,福建福清人,本科生,专业方向:地理科学 [LIN Siting(1996-), female, born in Fuqing, Fujian province, B.S. candidate, major in geographical science] E-mail: 493090162@qq.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):陈兴伟(1963-),男,博士,教授,主要研究方向:流域水沙污染物过程与防灾减灾。[CHEN Xingwei(1963-), male, Ph.D., professor, research on water-sediment-nutrient processes simulation of watershed scale and disaster prevention and mitigation] E-mail: cxwchen215@fjnu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-05-30