[1]张淑娟,贺秀斌*,鲍玉海,等.三峡水库消落带土壤团聚体微结构变化特征[J].山地学报,2020,(03):360-370.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000516]
 ZHANG Shujuan,HE Xiubin*,et al.Change Features of Soil Aggregate Microstructure in the Water-level Fluctuation Zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir, China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(03):360-370.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000516]
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三峡水库消落带土壤团聚体微结构变化特征()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年03期
页码:
360-370
栏目:
山地环境
出版日期:
2020-05-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Change Features of Soil Aggregate Microstructure in the Water-level Fluctuation Zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir, China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)3-360-11
作者:
张淑娟12 贺秀斌1* 鲍玉海1 唐 强1
1.中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室, 成都 610041; 2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
Author(s):
ZHANG Shujuan1 2 HE Xiubin1* BAO Yuhai1 TANG Qiang1
1. Key Laboratory of Mountain Surface Processes and Ecological Regulation, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China; 2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
团聚体 微结构 同步辐射显微CT 消落带 三峡水库
分类号:
S152.4
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000516
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
三峡水库落差30 m的反季节水文节律使消落带的地形、植被和土壤发生了巨大变化,特别是土壤团聚体微结构对干湿交替作用极为敏感。为了明确三峡水库消落带水位周期性涨落对土壤团聚体微结构的影响,采集消落带145~155 m、155~165 m、165~175 m的表层土壤,以未淹水高程180 m的土壤为对照,采用同步辐射显微CT及图像处理技术,对土壤团聚体微结构变化特征进行分析。结果表明:(1)团聚体孔隙度随水位高程的降低而显著降低,与180 m的孔隙度相比,165~175 m、155~165 m和145~155 m的孔隙度依次降低了21.80%、47.68%和59.58%; 孔隙数量和孔隙节点数量随水位高程的降低显著减少,最大降幅分别为56.64%和91.18%; 孔隙分形维数随水位高程降低而降低,欧拉值则随水位高程的降低而增大;(2)团聚体孔隙度以>100 μm的通气孔隙度为主,随着水位高程的降低,通气孔隙度逐渐降低,而<30 μm的贮存孔隙度和30~100 μm的毛管孔隙度先增加后降低;(3)团聚体孔隙形状以瘦长型孔隙为主,随着水位高程的降低,瘦长型孔隙占孔隙度的百分比显著降低,而规则孔隙和不规则孔隙占孔隙度的百分比显著增加。三峡水库消落带水位周期性涨落对团聚体孔隙数量、大小分布、形状特征等影响显著,团聚体孔隙特征参数随水位高程的变化,主要受淹水时间、淹水深度和干湿交替等因素的影响。研究结果可为三峡水库消落带土壤抗蚀能力及岸坡稳定性评价提供依据。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2019-04-27; 改回日期(Accepted date): 2020-04-26
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金(41771321,41771320,41571278)。[National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771321, 41771320, 41571278)]
作者简介(Biography):张淑娟(1989-),女,山东单县人,博士研究生,主要研究方向:土壤结构与水土保持。[ZHANG Shujuan(1989-), female, born in Shanxian, Shandong province, Ph. D. candidate, research on soil structure and soil and water conservation] E-mail: zsj0816@126.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):贺秀斌(1967-),男,陕西镇安人,博士,研究员,主要研究方向:土壤侵蚀与水土保持。[HE Xiubin(1967-), male, born in Zhenan, Shanxi province, Ph. D., professor, specialized in soil erosion and soil and water conservation] E-mail: xiubinh@imde.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-05-30