[1]周 飞,许 强*,亓 星,等.灌溉诱发突发性黄土滑坡机理研究[J].山地学报,2020,(01):73-82.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000492]
 ZHOU Fei,XU Qiang*,QI Xing,et al.The Mechanism Study of the Irrigation-Induced Sudden Loess Landslides[J].Mountain Research,2020,(01):73-82.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000492]
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灌溉诱发突发性黄土滑坡机理研究()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
73-82
栏目:
山地灾害
出版日期:
2020-01-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Mechanism Study of the Irrigation-Induced Sudden Loess Landslides
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)1-073-10
作者:
周 飞12许 强2*亓 星2巨袁臻2严 越1
1.四川省地质工程勘察院, 成都 610072; 2.成都理工大学 地质灾害防治与地质环境保护国家重点实验室,成都610059
Author(s):
ZHOU Fei1 XU Qiang2* QI Xing2 JU Yuanzhen2 YAN Yue1
1. Sichuan institute of geological engineering investigating, Chengdu 610072, China; 2. State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China
关键词:
突发性黄土滑坡 三轴试验 模型试验 滑坡机理
分类号:
P694
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000492
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
系统揭示黑方台突发性黄土滑坡物理力学机理,对滑坡防治具有重要的作用。自上世纪六十年代年黑方台常年的农业灌溉诱发了大量20~40 m厚的饱和突发性黄土滑坡。本研究在野外调查的基础上,通过分析滑坡的变形破坏特征,针对分布范围广、危害性较大的突发性黄土滑坡,利用室内GDS三轴试验和模型试验,分析研究了饱和黄土的应力应变特性及突发性黄土滑坡的力学机制。三轴试验结果表明,当围压小于300 kPa时,饱和黄土可产生完全液化,并处于流塑状态; 当围压大于300 kPa时,饱和黄土仅产生部分液化,仍具有一定的抗剪强度。饱和黄土的应力—应变模式均表现为强烈的应变软化—剪缩型,并具有一定的稳态特性。模型试验表明突发性黄土滑坡的变形破坏过程可大致分为底部浸水饱和—毛细水上升—持续蠕动变形—突发性破坏4个阶段。斜坡发生突发性破坏时,孔隙水压力激增,但总应力仍大于孔隙水压力,黄土滑坡发生部分液化,饱和黄土仍具有一定的强度,为突发性黄土滑坡发生提供了应力和能量积累的力学条件。研究从有效应力原理的角度阐述了突发性黄土滑坡的力学机理,可以为滑坡的防治治理提供一定的理论依据。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):(Received date):2019-03-08; 改回日期(Accepted date):2020-01-14
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金(41630640); 国家重点基础研究发展计划(2014CB744703)。 [National Natural Science Foundation of China(41630640); National Key Basic Research Program of China(2014CB744703)]
作者简介(Biography):周飞(1988-),男,四川达州人,工程师,主要研究方向:地质灾害预测评价及防治处理。[ZHOU Fei(1988-), male, born in Dazhou, Sichuan province, M. SC. candidate, research on geological hazard evaluation and prevention] E-mail:363845842@qq.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):许强(1968-),男,博士,教授,主要研究方向:滑坡灾害评价、预测及防治处理。[XU Qiang(1968-), male, Ph.D., professor, research on evaluation, prediction, prevention and treatment of landslide hazard] E-mail: xq@cdut.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-01-30