[1]蒋若涵,沈有信*,赵志猛.蒙自喀斯特断陷盆地边坡与盆缘的露石差异性[J].山地学报,2020,(01):42-49.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000489]
 JIANG Ruohan,SHEN Youxin*,ZHAO Zhimeng.Differences Between Slope and Margin Rock Outcrop Characteristics in the Karst Fault-Depression Basin in Mengzi, China[J].Mountain Research,2020,(01):42-49.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000489]
点击复制

蒙自喀斯特断陷盆地边坡与盆缘的露石差异性()
分享到:

《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
42-49
栏目:
山地环境
出版日期:
2020-01-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Differences Between Slope and Margin Rock Outcrop Characteristics in the Karst Fault-Depression Basin in Mengzi, China
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2020)1-042-08
作者:
蒋若涵12沈有信12*赵志猛12
1.中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园 热带森林生态学重点实验室,昆明 650000; 2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
Author(s):
JIANG Ruohan12 SHEN Youxin12* ZHAO Zhimeng12
1. Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology,Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Kunming 650000,China; 2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
关键词:
喀斯特 露石 空间异质性 测量方法 蒙自
分类号:
Q948
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000489
文献标志码:
C
摘要:
喀斯特露石常常占据一定比例的地表面积,且具有许多已知或未知的水文—生态功能,对于喀斯特地区的植被恢复和环境改善发挥着重要的作用。本实验运用样线法和拍照法识别喀斯特断陷盆地不同位置(盆缘和盆地边坡)露石的数量特征和外部形态特征,同时比较了两种方法测量样地岩石裸露率的精准度。结果发现:盆地边坡与盆缘的露石数量和外部特征存在显著差异,盆缘露石分布密度(0.54个·m-2)>盆地边坡(0.39个·m-2); 但盆地边坡露石的长宽比大于盆缘,单体占地面积为盆缘露石的两倍,接近40%的盆地边坡露石与山体等高线平行。样线法和拍照法测量样地岩石裸露率的结果存有差异,但并不显著,且这种差异呈现出随着岩石裸露率的增加而逐渐增加的趋势,拍照测量结果具有较小的变异系数。这些结果说明了研究区露石具有较强的空间异质性,对解释地表水土运移规律和植物分布提供重要参考。拍照法能准确地测量岩石裸露率,并提供露石外部形态特征的精准数据,可以作为喀斯特样地露石调查的新方法加以推广。

参考文献/References:

[1] 赵志猛,沈有信,朱习爱. 西南岩溶地区土壤水分研究进展[J]. 湖北农业科学,2017,56(19):3603-3609. [ZHAO Zhimeng, SHEN Youxin, ZHU Xiai. Research progress of soil moisture in karst areas of southwest China [J]. Hubei Agricultural Sciences, 2017, 56(19):3603-3609]
[2] 苏维词,杨华,李晴,等. 我国西南喀斯特山区土地石漠化成因及防治[J]. 土壤通报,2006,37(3):33-37. [SU Weici, YANG Hua, LI Qing, et al. Rocky land desertification and its controlling measurements in the karst mountainous region, southwest of China[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 2006,37(3):33-37]
[3] 王宇,张贵. 滇东岩溶石山地区石漠化特征及成因[J]. 地球科学进展,2003,18(6):933-938. [WANG Yu, ZHANG Gui. On the desertification and genesis of karst stone mountain area in east Yunnan[J]. Advances in Earth Sciences, 2003, 18(6):933-938]
[4] 白晓永,王世杰,陈起伟,等. 贵州土地石漠化类型时空演变过程及其评价[J]. 地理学报,2009,64(5):609-618. [BAI Xiaoyong, WANG Shijie, CHEN Qiwei, et al.Spatio-temporal evolution process and its evaluation method of karst rocky desertification in Guizhou Province[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2009, 64(5):609 -618]
[5] 张志才,陈喜,石朋,等. 贵州喀斯特峰丛山体土壤水分布特征及其影响因素[J]. 长江流域资源与环境,2008,17(5):803-807. [ZHANG Zhicai, CHEN Xi, SHI Peng, et al. Influences of rock on soil moisture distribution in the karst cluster-peach mountains[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2008, 17(5):803-807 ]
[6] 沈有信,赵志猛,毕胜春,等. 陆地系统中的露石及其生态作用[J].地球科学进展,2018,33(4):343-349. [SHEN Youxin, ZHAO Zhimeng, BI Shengchun, et al. Rock outcrop and its ecological function in terrestrial ecosystem[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2018, 33(4):343 -349]
[7] 周游游,黎树式,黄天放. 我国喀斯特森林生态系统的特征及其保护利用—以西南地区茂兰、木论、弄岗典型喀斯特森林区为例[J]. 广西师范学院学报(自然科学版),2003,20(3):1-7. [ZHOU Youyou, LI Shushi, HUANG Tianfang. Features of karst forest ecosystem in China and its conservation in utilisation—a case study on Maolan, Mulun, Nonggang typical karst forests in Southwest China[J]. Journal of Guangxi Teachers College Natural(Science Edition), 2003, 20(3):1-7]
[8] 李阳兵,王世杰,李瑞玲. 不同地质背景下岩溶生态系统的自然特征差异—以茂兰和花江为例[J]. 地球与环境,2004,32(1):9-16. [LI Yangbin, WANG Shijie, LI Ruiling. Differences in natural characteristics for karst ecosystems under different geological backgrounds as exemplified by Maolan and Huajiang ecosystems. Geology-Geochemistry,2004, 32(1):9-16]
[9] 陈洪松,聂云鹏,王克林. 岩溶山区水分时空异质性及植物适应机理研究进展[J]. 生态学报,2013,33(2):317-326. [CHEN Hongsong, NIE Yunpeng, WANG Kelin. Spatio-temporal heterogeneity of water and plant adaptation mechanisms in karst regions: a review[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(2):317-326]
[10] 田彪,丁明虎,孙维君,等. 大气CO研究进展[J]. 地科学进展,2017,32(1):34-43. [TIAN Biao, DING Minghu, SUN Weijun, et al. Research progress of atmospheric carbon monoxide[J]. Advances in earth science, 2017, 32(1):34-43 ]
[11] 王电杰,沈有信,黄金. 石林3种喀斯特生态系统的石面有机质和养分含量[J]. 山地学报,2015,33(1):16-24. [WANG Dianjie, SHEN Youxin, HUANG Jin. Epilithic organic matter and nutrient contents in three different karst ecosystems[J]. Mountain Research, 2015, 33(1):16-24]
[12] SHEN Jianlin, LI Yong, LIU Xuejun, et al. Atmospheric dry and wet nitrogen deposition on three contrasting land use types of an agricultural catchment in subtropical central China[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2013, 67:415-424.
[13] KIDRON G J, STARINSKY A. Chemical composition of dew and rain in an extreme desert(Negev): Cobbles serve as sink for nutrients[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2012, 420:284-291.
[14] LI Sheng, REN Huadong, XUE Liang, et al. Influence of bare rocks on surrounding soil moisture in the karst rocky desertification regions under drought conditions[J]. Catena, 2014, 116(3):157-162.
[15] 李生,任华东,姚小华. 西南喀斯特石漠化地区旱季土壤水分对裸岩的响应[J]. 生态学杂志,2012,31(12):3174-3178. [LI Sheng, REN Huadong, YAO Xiaohua. Responses of soil moisture to bare rocks in Karst rock desertification region of Southwest China during dry season[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2012, 31(12):3174-3178 ]
[16] 刘娟,沈有信,赵志猛,等. 一种石漠区地表岩石裸露率测量方法[J].山地学报,2018,36(6):973-980. [LIU Juan, SHEN Youxin, ZHAO Zhimeng, et al. Method to measure surface rock ratio in Rocky desertification areas[J]. Mountain Research, 2018, 36(6):973-980 ]
[17] 王宇,张华,张贵,等.喀斯特断陷盆地环境地质分区及功能[J]. 中国岩溶,2017,36(3):283-295.[WANG Yu, ZHANG Hua, ZHANG Gui, et al. Zoniong of environmental geology and functions in karst fault-depression basins[J]. Carsologica Sinica, 2017,36(3):283-295]
[18] 林琳,刘学录. 基于样线法的景观异质性的尺度效应研究—以甘肃省临夏市为例[J].甘肃农业大学学报,2018,53(1):144-151. [LIN Lin, LIU Xuelu. Scale effect of landscape heterogeneity based on line transect method-a case study on Linxia city of Gansu Province[J]. Journal of Gansu Agricultural University, 2018, 53(1):144-151]
[19] POESEN J, LAVEE H. Rock fragments in top soils: significance and processes[J]. Catena, 1994, 23(1-2):1-28.
[20] POESEN J W, TORRI D, BUNTE K. Effects of rock fragments on soil erosion by water at different spatial scales: a review[J]. Catena, 1994, 23(1-2):141-166.
[21] COUSIN I, NICOULLAUD B, COUTADEUR C. Influence of rock fragments on the water retention and water percolation in a calcareous soil[J]. Catena, 2003, 53(2):97-114.
[22] LI Xiaoyan, CONTRERAS S, SOLE-BENET A. Spatial distribution of rock fragments in dolines: a case study in a semiarid Mediterranean mountain-range(Sierra de Gádor, SE Spain)[J]. Catena, 2007,70(3), 366-374.
[23] CHEN Hongsong, LIU Jianwei, WANG Kelin, et al. Spatial distribution of rock fragments on steep hillslopes in karst region of northwest Guangxi, China[J]. Catena, 2011, 84(1-2):0-28.
[24] 贾金田,付智勇,陈洪松,等. 喀斯特坡地基岩起伏对土壤剖面水分格局的影响[J]. 应用生态学报,2016,27(6):1708-1714.[JIA JinTian, FU Zhiyong, CHEN Hongsong, et al. Effect of irregular bedrock topography on the soil profile pattern of water content in a Karst hillslope. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2016, 27(6):1708-1714]
[25] 彭韬,王世杰,张信宝,等.喀斯特坡地地表径流系数监测初报[J].地球与环境,2008,36(2):125-129. [PENG Tao, WANG Shijie, ZHANG Xinbao, et al. Results of preliminary monitoring of surface runoff coefficients for karst slope[J]. Earth and Environment, 2008,36(2):125-129]
[26] 蒋忠诚,罗为群,邓艳,等. 岩溶峰丛洼地水土漏失及防治研究[J].地球学报,2014,35(5):535-542.[JIANG Zhongcheng, LUO Weiqun, DENG Yan, et al. The leakage of water and soil in the karst peak cluster depression and its prevention and treatment [J]. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 2014, 35(5):535-542 ]

相似文献/References:

[1]王世杰,张信宝,白晓永.南方喀斯特石漠化分区的名称商榷与环境特点[J].山地学报,2013,(01):18.
 WANG Shijie,ZHANG Xinbao,BAI Xiaoyong.Discussion on Nomenclature of the Karst Desertification Regions and Illustration for Their Environment Characteristics in Southwest China[J].Mountain Research,2013,(01):18.
[2]袁新田,谢世友.重庆金佛山国家自然保护区山顶与山坡表土孢粉对比研究[J].山地学报,2012,(06):655.
 YUAN Xintian,XIE Shiyou.A Comparative Study on Surface Sporepollen in the Mountaintop and Mountainside of Mt.Jinfo Nature Reserve,Chongqing,China[J].Mountain Research,2012,(01):655.
[3]张信宝,刘再华,王世杰,等.锥峰和塔峰溶丘地貌的表层喀斯特带径流溶蚀形成机制[J].山地学报,2011,(05):529.
 ZHANG Xinbao,LIU Zaihua,et al.Dynamic Mechanism of Runoff Corrosion in the Epikarst Zone on the Formation of Cone and Tower Karst Landforms[J].Mountain Research,2011,(01):529.
[4]朱克亮.贵州喀斯特石山植被的自然恢复——以公路裸岩陡边坡为例[J].山地学报,2011,(06):713.
 ZHU Keliang.Vegetation Natural Recovery in Guizhou Karst Area——A Case Study by Highway Rocky Slope[J].Mountain Research,2011,(01):713.
[5]王克林,章春华.湘西喀斯特山区生态环境问题与综合整治战略[J].山地学报,1999,(02):30.
[6]林三益,缪韧,易立群.中国西南地区河流水文特性[J].山地学报,1999,(03):49.
[7]张惠远,王仰麟.山地景观生态规划——以西南喀斯特地区为例[J].山地学报,2000,(05):445.
[8]卢远,华璀,周兴.基于RS和GIS的喀斯特山区景观生态格局[J].山地学报,2002,(06):727.
[9]沈有信,张平,蔡光丽,等.滇东喀斯特山地土壤种子及其分布特征[J].山地学报,2003,(06):707.
[10]容丽,王世杰,刘宁,等.喀斯特山区先锋植物叶片解剖特征及其生态适应性评价——以贵州花江峡谷区为例[J].山地学报,2005,(01):35.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2019-10-14; 改回日期(Accepted date): 2020-01-09
基金项目(Foundation item):国家重点研发专项课题(2016YFC0502503); 国家自然科学基金项目(41671031)。[National Key Program of China(2016YFC0502503); National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671031)]
作者简介(Biography):蒋若涵(1995-),女,云南大理人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向:生态恢复。 [JIANG Ruohan(1995-), female, born in Dali, Yunnan province, M.Sc. candidate, research on ecological restoration] E-mail:jiangruohan@xtbg.ac.cn
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):沈有信(1966-),男,研究员,主要研究方向:喀斯特生态学与植被恢复。[SHEN Youxin(1966-), male, professor, specialized in karst ecology and vegetation restoration]E-mail: yxshen@ xtbg.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-01-30