[1]陈友平,张合理,陈 峰*,等.塔吉克斯坦帕米尔高原源区水文变化--以贡特河为例[J].山地学报,2018,(06):867-877.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000382]
 CHEN Youping,ZHANG Heli,CHEN Feng*,et al.Hydrological Changes in Source Region of Pamirs Plateau: A Case Study in the Gunt River Basin, Tajikistan[J].Mountain Research,2018,(06):867-877.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000382]
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塔吉克斯坦帕米尔高原源区水文变化--以贡特河为例()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2018年06期
页码:
867-877
栏目:
山地环境
出版日期:
2018-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Hydrological Changes in Source Region of Pamirs Plateau: A Case Study in the Gunt River Basin, Tajikistan
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2018)6-867-11
作者:
陈友平12张合理2陈 峰2*范子昂2刘 蕊12
1.新疆师范大学 地理科学与旅游学院,乌鲁木齐 830054; 2.中国气象局乌鲁木齐沙漠气象研究所 树木年轮理化研究重点开放实验室/新疆树木年轮生态实验室,乌鲁木齐 830002
Author(s):
CHEN Youping12 ZHANG Heli2 CHEN Feng2* FAN Ziang2 LIU Rui12
1. School of Geographical Science and Tourism, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Tree-ring Physical and Chemical Research of China Meteorological Administration/ Xinjiang Laboratory of Tree Ring Ecology, Institute of Desert Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Urumqi 830002, China
关键词:
中亚 帕米尔高原源区 贡特河 水文变化 气候变化
分类号:
P333; P337; P339
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000382
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
在中亚地区水资源匮乏、水资源安全问题突出背景下,进一步了解该区水文变化有利于科学制定水资源调配政策。基于塔吉克斯坦贡特河(Gunt river)霍罗格水文站数据和霍罗格气象站数据,使用不均匀系数、线性趋势法、Mann-Kendall检验法、R/S分析法和小波分析法等方法,分析了1940—2017年贡特河流量变化特征及其对气候变化的响应,结果表明:(1)贡特河流量年内分配不均匀,6—9月占全年平均流量的75%,汛期集中在7月19日前后,无明显提前或延后特征。(2)贡特河流量年际变化总体呈减少趋势,但趋势不显著,年际变化率为-5.75(m3·s-1)/10 a,在1940—1946年呈增加趋势,1947—1958年呈减少趋势,1959—1960年呈增加趋势,1961—2017年呈减少趋势,在1946年存在突变; 共经历了4次丰-枯期:丰水期(1940—1959年)-枯水期(1960—1976年)-丰水期(1977—1995年)-枯水期(1996—2017年)。趋势分析表明流量在未来一段时间内可能存在增加趋势; 小波分析表明流量存在23~34 a,9~22 a,4~8 a的准周期变化。(3)降水对贡特河径流年内补给具有明显滞后效应,平均气温与径流年内变化具有同步性; 流量年际变化主要受降水影响; 周期相关表明,年平均流量与降水量、平均气温在1960—1980年同时存在的8~12 a时间尺度的显著周期变化,而在整个时间域中则同时存在2~5 a时间尺度的显著周期变化。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2018-06-20; 改回日期(Accepted date):2018-09-24
基金项目(Foundation item):中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费(IDM2017002); 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA20100306)。[Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basal Research Fund(IDM2017002); Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA20100306)]
作者简介(Biography):陈友平(1994-),男,福建福清人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向:树木年轮与气候水文变化。 [CHEN Youping(1994-), male, born in Fuqing, Fujian province, M.Sc. candidate, research on tree-ring and climate/hydrology change] E-mail: ChenYP007@163.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):陈峰(1982-),男,博士,研究员,主要研究方向:树木年轮与气候水文变化。[CHEN Feng(1982-), male, Ph.D., professor, research on tree-ring and climate/hydrology change] E-mail: Feng653@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-30