[1]张信宝*,刘 彧,王世杰,等.黄河、长江的形成演化及贯通时间[J].山地学报,2018,(05):661-668.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000362]
 ZHANG Xinbao*,LIU Yu,WANG Shijie,et al.On the Chronology of the Yellow Rivers and the Yangtze Rivers[J].Mountain Research,2018,(05):661-668.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000362]
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黄河、长江的形成演化及贯通时间()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2018年05期
页码:
661-668
栏目:
专家观点
出版日期:
2018-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
On the Chronology of the Yellow Rivers and the Yangtze Rivers
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2018)5-661-08
作者:
张信宝1*刘 彧2王世杰2刘维明1*薛雯轩3
1.中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所,成都 610041; 2.中国科学院地球化学研究所,贵阳 550081; 3.西北师范大学 地理与环境科学学院,兰州 730070
Author(s):
ZHANG Xinbao1*LIU Yu2WANG Shijie2LIU Weiming1*XUE Wenxuan3
1.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China; 2.Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Science, Guiyang 550081, China; 3.College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal Unive
关键词:
黄河 长江 构造-气候-地貌 连通 贯通
分类号:
P931.1
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000362
文献标志码:
B
摘要:
黄河、长江的形成演化是在新生代以来统一构造-气候-地貌体系中发生的重大地貌事件。印度板块与亚洲大陆碰撞和太平洋板块向亚洲大陆之下俯冲,造成了中国大陆地势从东高西低变为西高东低,和随之的东亚季风形成、强化,导致黄河、长江水系形成。中更新世以来的构造运动,导致青藏高原东缘山地的加速隆升,进入了冰冻圈,季节性冰川融水加大了河川径流,为两大河流的贯通奠定了水动力基础。末次间冰期的气候突然变暖,不但导致冰冻圈融水补给的河川径流陡增,可能给了长江、黄河贯通最后一击,而且加速了三峡一带碳酸盐岩地下化学溶蚀,促进地下河发育和瞿塘峡地表河袭夺的完成。黄河、长江在末次间冰期期间彻底贯通,现今的水系格局形成。黄河三门峡的贯通时间为0.125 Ma左右,长江三峡可能在0.30~0.12 Ma期间完成贯通。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2018-09-20; 改回日期(Accepted date):2018-10-18
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金项目(41401009,41473055); 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所“一三五”方向性项目(SDS-135-1701)。[National Nature Science Foundation of China(41401009, 41473055); The 135 Strategic Program of the Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment of CAS(SDS-135-1701)]
作者简介(Biography):张信宝(1946-),男,研究员,主要研究方向:土壤侵蚀与水土保持。[ZHANG Xinbao(1946-), male, professor, research on soil erosion, water and soil conservation.] E-mail: zxbao@imde.ac.cn.
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):1)张信宝; 2)刘维明(1982-),男,副研究员,主要研究方向:古山地灾害。[LIU weiming(1982-),male,associate professor, research on paleo-mountain hazard.] Liuwm@imde.ac.cn.
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-30