[1]张 扬,白红英*,黄晓月,等.近55a秦岭山区极端气温变化及其对区域变暖的影响[J].山地学报,2018,(01):23-33.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000297]
 ZHANG Yang,BAI Hongying*,HUANG Xiaoyue,et al.Variation of Extreme Temperature and Its Impact onRegional Warming in Qinling Mountains During Recent 55 a[J].Mountain Research,2018,(01):23-33.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000297]
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近55a秦岭山区极端气温变化及其对区域变暖的影响()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2018年01期
页码:
23-33
栏目:
山地环境
出版日期:
2018-01-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Variation of Extreme Temperature and Its Impact on Regional Warming in Qinling Mountains During Recent 55 a
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2018)1-023-11
作者:
张 扬白红英*黄晓月苏 凯
西北大学 城市与环境学院,西安 710127
Author(s):
ZHANG Yang BAI Hongying* HUANG Xiaoyue SU Kai
College of Urban and Environment Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, Shaanxi, China
关键词:
秦岭 气候变化 极端气温 突变检验
分类号:
P467
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000297
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
分析极端气温变化对气候变化研究具有重要意义。本文基于秦岭地区31个站点1960-2013年的逐日最高气温、最低气温和平均气温资料,获得秦岭地区16种极端气温指数,采用线性倾向估计法、M-K检验和主成分分析法,研究各指数变化特征,以揭示极端气温变化规律及其对区域变暖的影响。结果表明:(1)近55 a秦岭地区极端气温呈上升趋势,且日最高气温的升幅大于日最低气温; 极端气温暖指数升高,冷指数降低,且暖指数的变化幅度大于冷指数。(2)日最高(低)气温极高值、日最高(低)气温极低值和气温日较差的升幅分别为0.14(0.06)、0.38(0.11)、0.08 ℃/10 a,夏季日数、热夜日数、暖昼日数、暖夜日数、暖持续日数和生物生长季分别以3.91、1.89、2.59、2.24、1.29、3.15 d/10 a的趋势在增加,而冰冻日数、霜冻日数、冷昼日数、冷夜日数和冷持续日数以-0.7、-3.01、-1.79、-2.05、-0.45 d/10 a的趋势在减小。(3)近55 a秦岭地区极端气温指数变化趋势与全球及全国基本相同,但变化幅度相对偏小,突变时间主要集中在20世纪90年代。(4)近55 a秦岭地区气候变暖与极端气温指数的变化关系密切,其中夏季日数、热夜日数、暖昼日数、暖夜日数和冷昼日数是秦岭地区气候变暖的主要贡献者。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2016-10-13; 改回日期(Accepted date):2017-03-15
基金项目(Foundation item):国家林业公益性行业科研专项(201304309)。[National Forestry Public Welfare Scientific Research Project(201304309)]
作者简介(Biography):张扬(1991- ),男,陕西西安人,硕士,主要从事极端气候与全球气候变化研究。[Zhang Yang(1991- ), male, born in Xi'an, Shaanxi province, M.Sc.candidate, research on extreme climate and global climate change] E-mail: ZYang0724@126.com
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):白红英(1962- ),女,陕西凤翔人,博士,教授,主要从事全球变化生态学、自然地理学等方面的科研与教学。[Bai Hongying(1962- ), female, born in Fengxiang, Shaanxi province, Ph.D, professor, research on global change ecology and physical geography] E-mail: hongyingbai@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-01-30