[1]喻 武,万 丹,汪书丽,等.藏东南泥石流沉积区植物群落结构和物种多样性特征[J].山地学报,2013,(01):120.
 YU Wu,WAN Dan,WANG Shuli,et al.Community Structure and Species Diversity of Debris Flow Deposition Area in Southeast of Tibet,China[J].Mountain Research,2013,(01):120.
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藏东南泥石流沉积区植物群落结构和物种多样性特征 ()
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《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2013年01期
页码:
120
栏目:
青藏高原
出版日期:
2013-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Community Structure and Species Diversity of Debris Flow Deposition Area in Southeast of Tibet,China
作者:
喻 武万 丹汪书丽杨东升
1. 西藏农牧学院资环学院,西藏 林芝860000;
2.西藏农牧学院高原生态研究所,西藏 林芝 860000
Author(s):
YU Wu WAN DanWANG ShuliYANG DongSheng
1.College of Resources and Environment, Tibet Agriculture and Animal Husbandry College,Linzhi 860000, China ;
2.Research Institute of Plateau Ecology of Tibet Agricultural and Animal Husbandry College, Linzhi 860000,China
关键词:
泥石流 群落结构 物种多样性藏东南
分类号:
Q948,X43
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
藏东南是我国泥石流灾害分布最集中,危害严重的区域之一,泥石流堆积扇广布。泥石流沉积区植被恢复是生物治理泥石流和生态恢复措施的重要内容,也是高寒区生态恢复关注的焦点。对林芝县扎西岗、鲁朗定位站和芽依3个不同年代形成的泥石流沉积区植物群落结构和物种进行了多样性调查,结果表明:植物群落结构与泥石流发生的年限、所处的海拔和发生的强度有密切关系。泥石流沉积区植物群落主要为云南沙棘+云南锦鸡儿+蕨麻萎陵菜群落、糙皮桦+高丛珍珠梅+西南草莓群落和糙皮桦+云南锦鸡儿+西南草莓群落组成,包含糙皮桦、云南锦鸡儿等29种植物。泥石流沉积区形成时间越长,群落物种多样性水平有下降趋势,群落优势度C值有一定程度的提高。泥石流沉积区植物群落层次多样性表现为一般草本层多样性水平较高,乔灌层较低。乔灌草均匀度指数Jsw值略大于草本层。泥石流暴发时间过长或过短,Jsw值较小。优势度C值与丰富度指数Ma值呈负相关性,与泥石流沉积区形成时间呈正相关系。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2012-08-21;改回日期(Accepted) : 2012-11-20。
基金项目(Foundation item):西藏科技厅青年
基金项目:藏东南小型泥石流生物措施治理关键技术研究。[Youth Fund of the Department of Science and Technology in Tibet: Research on biological control measures in small debris flows of southeastern Tibet.]
作者简介(Biography):喻武(1981-),男,硕士,主要从事小流域治理研究。 [Yu Wu(1981-),male,master degree candidate,mainly engaged in small watershed management.] E-mail:yuwu4270@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01