[1]赵小祥,等.贡嘎山林线峨嵋冷杉叶片功能属性特征[J].山地学报,2017,(05):653-662.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000264]
 ZHAO Xiaoxiang,WANG Genxu,et al.Leaf Functional Traits of Abies fabri(Mast.) in the Treeline of Gongga Mountain[J].Mountain Research,2017,(05):653-662.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000264]
点击复制

贡嘎山林线峨嵋冷杉叶片功能属性特征()
分享到:

《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2017年05期
页码:
653-662
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Leaf Functional Traits of Abies fabri(Mast.) in the Treeline of Gongga Mountain
文章编号:
1008-2786-(2017)5-653-10
作者:
赵小祥1 2 王根绪1 彭阿辉1 2 张 莉1 2 冉 飞1 杨 阳1 杨 燕1*
1.中国科学院 水利部 成都山地灾害与环境研究所, 四川 成都610041;
2.中国科学院大学, 北京100049
Author(s):
ZHAO Xiaoxiang1 2 WANG Genxu1 PENG Ahui1 2 ZHANG Li1 2 RAN Fei1 YANG Yang1 YANG Yan1*
1.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS, Chengdu 610014, China;
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
峨眉冷杉 林线 土壤养分 比叶面积 碳同位素
分类号:
X173
DOI:
10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000264
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
本文以贡嘎山东坡、西坡和东北坡四处林线峨眉冷杉叶片为研究对象,分析测试了叶片比叶面积(SLA)、全氮(N)、全磷(P)、全碳(C)和碳同位素,并结合林下土壤有机碳(SOC)、总氮(TN)、总磷(TP)、有效氮(AN)、有效磷(AP)含量,从叶片化学计量特征、水分和养分利用效率的角度,试图利用植物叶片功能属性探讨林线植物峨眉冷杉的现存可能机制。结论显示,环贡嘎山林线峨眉冷杉林线的叶片N:P均低于10,说明已经发生了较为明显的N限制; 林线处相较于低海拔林下土壤有更低的土壤有机质、有效氮和磷,以及更低的比叶面积(SLA),说明该区域冷杉的分布和生长可能受到可获取的土壤养分限制,峨眉冷杉生长转向资源保守型,减缓生长以适应可利用资源贫瘠的环境。研究结果从某种程度上说明,土壤养分利用状况和植物本身的资源利用策略也是影响贡嘎山林线峨眉冷杉生长和分布一个不容忽视的可能潜在因子,在未来模型碳估算中应当予以考虑。

参考文献/References:

[1] IPCC.Climate change: impact adaptation, and vulnerability [M].Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,2014: 189.
[2] WALTHER G R, POST E, CONVEY P, et al.Ecological responses to recent climate change [J].Nature, 2002, 416(6879): 389-395.
[3] GUILLEMETTE M, STEPHEN J B.Carbon isotopes in Ombrogenic peat bog plants as climatic indicators: calibration from an altitudinal transect in Switzerland [J].Organic Geochemistry, 2001,32(2): 233-245.
[4] THEURILLAT J P, GUISAN A.Potential impact of climate change on vegetation in the European Alps: a review [J].Climate Change, 2001, 50(1-2): 77-109.
[5] GRACE J, BERNINGER F, NAGY L.Impacts of climate change on the treeline [J].Annals of Botany, 2002, 90(4): 537-544.
[6] PENUELAS J, BOADA M.A global change-induced biome shift in the Montseny mountains(NE Spain)[J].Global Change Biology, 2003, 9(2): 131-140.
[7] KIRDYANOV A V, HAGEDORN F, KNORRE A A, et al.20th century tree-line advance and vegetation changes along an altitudinal transect in the Putorana Mountains, northern Siberia [J].Boreas, 2012, 41(1): 56-67.
[8] DANBY R, HIK D S.Variability, contingency and rapid change in recent subarctic alpine tree line dynamics [J].Journal of Ecology, 2007, 95(2): 352-363.
[9] LIANG E Y, WANG Y F, ECKSTEIN D, et al.Little change in the fir tree-line position on the southeastern Tibetan Plateau after 200 years of warming [J].New Phyotologist, 2011, 190(3): 760-769.
[10] BATLLORI E, GUTIERREZ E.Regional tree line dynamics in response to global change in the Pyrenees [J].Journal of Ecology, 2008, 96(6): 1275-1288.
[11] LIANG E Y, SHI Y F, PIAO S L, et al.Species interactions slow warming-induced upward shifts of treelines on the Tibetan Plateau [J].Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2016, 113(16): 4381-4385.
[12] HOCH G, POPP M, KORNER C.Altitudinal increase of mobile carbon pools in Pinuscembra suggests sink limitation of growth at the Swiss treeline [J].Oikos, 2002, 98(3): 361-374.
[13] KORNER C.Are-assessment of high elevation treeline positions and their explanation [J].Oecologia, 1998, 115(4): 445-459.
[14] KORNER C.Carbon limitation in trees [J].Journal of Ecology, 2003, 91(1): 4-17.
[15] JAMES J C, GRACE J, HOAD S P.Growth and photosynthesis of Pinus sylvestris at its altitudinal limit in Scotland [J].Journal of Ecology, 1994, 82(2): 297-306.
[16] 王晓春,周晓峰,孙志虎.高山林线与气候变化关系研究进展[J].生态学杂志,2005, 24(3):301-305 [WANG Xiaochun, ZHOU Xiaofeng, SUN Zhihu.Research advances in the relationship between alpine timberline and climate change [J].Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2005, 24(3): 301-305]
[17] 侯颖,杨红超,王开运.亚高山林线优势种形态结构和竞争力对CO2浓度和温度升高的响应[J].生态学杂志,2011,30(11):2413-2420 [HOU Ying, YANG Hongchao, WANG Kaiyun.Responses of morphological structure and competition capability of dominant plant species in subalpine timberline to elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration and air temperature [J].Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2011, 30(11): 2413-2420]
[18] REICH P B, ELLSWORTHD S, WALTERS M B.Leaf structure(specific leaf area)modulates photosynthesis-nitrogen relations: evidence from within and across species and functional groups [J].Functional Ecology, 1998, 12(6): 948-958.
[19] 冯秋红,史作民,董莉莉.植物功能性状对环境的响应及其应用[J].林业科学,2008,44(4):126-131 [FENG Qiuhong, SHI Zuoming, DONG L L.Response of Plant Functional Traits to Environment and Its Application [J].Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2008, 44(4): 126-131]
[20] BURNS K C.Patterns in specific leaf area and the structure of a temperate health community [J].Diversity and Distributions, 2004, 10(2): 105-112.
[21] NIKLAS K J, OWENS T, REICH P B.Nitrogen/phosphorus leaf stoichiometry and the scaling of plant growth [J].Ecology letter, 2005, 8(6): 636-642.
[22] VITOUSEK P.Nutrient cycling and nutrient use efficiency [J].American Naturalist, 1982, 119(4): 553-573.
[23] WRIGHT I J, REICH P B, WESTOBY M, et al.The worldwide leaf economics spectrum [J].Nature, 2004, 428(6985): 821-827.
[24] GARNIER E, SHIPLEY B, ROUMET C,et al.Standardized protocol for the determination of specific leaf area and leaf dry matter content [J].Functional Ecology, 2001, 15(5): 688-695.
[25] 罗璐,申国珍,谢宗强,等.神农架海拔梯度上4种典型森林的乔木叶片功能性状特征 [J].生态学报,2011,31(21):6420-6428 [LUO Lu, SHEN Guozhen, XIE Zongqiang, et al.Leaf functional traits of four typical forests along the altitudinal gradients in Mt.Shennongjia [J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2011, 31(21): 6420-6428]
[26] WARREN C R, MCGRATH J F, ADAMS M A.Water availability and carbon isotope discrimination in conifers [J].Oecologia, 2001, 127(4): 476-486.
[27] Chen S, Bai Y, Zhang L, et al.Comparing physiological responses of two dominant grass species to nitrogen addition in Xilin river Basin of China [J].Environmental and Experimental Botany, 2005, 53(1): 65-75.
[28] Sheng W, Ren S, Yu G R, et al.Patterns and driving factors of WUE and NUE in natural forest ecosystems along the North-South Transect of Eastern China [J].Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2011, 21(4): 651-665.
[29] Malanson G P, Butler D R.Tree tundra competitive hierarchies, soil fertility gradients,and treeline elevation in Glacier-National-Park, Montana [J].Physical Geography, 1994, 15(2): 166-180.
[30] SVEINBJORNSSON B.Soil carbon rind nitrogen mineralization at different elevations in the Chugach mountains of south-centra Alaska, USA [J].Arctic Antarctic Alpine Research,1995,27(1): 29-37.
[31] SCHULZE E D, KELLIHER F M, KORNER C, et al.Relationship samongmaximum stomatal conductance, ecosystem surface conductance, carbon assimilation rate, and plant nitrogen nutrition: a global ecology scaling exercise [J].Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 1994, 25(1): 629-660.
[32] MULLER M, OELMANN Y, SCHICKHOFF U et al.Himalayan treeline soil and foliar C: N: P stoichiometry indicate nutrient shortage with elevation [J].Geoderma, 2017, 291: 21-32.
[33] 刘鸿雁,王红亚,崔海亭.太白山高山带2000 多年以来气候变化与林线的响应[J].第四纪研究,2003,23(3): 299-308 [LIU Hongyan,WANG Hongya,CUI Haiting.Climatic changes and timberline responses over the past 2000 years on the alpine zone of Mt.Taibai [J].Quaternary sciences, 2003, 23(3): 299-308]
[34] 常锦峰,王襄平,张新平,等.大兴安岭北部大白山高山林线动态与气候变化的关系 [J].山地学报,2009,27(6): 702-711[CHANG Jingfeng,WANG Xiangping,ZHANG Xinping, et al.Alpine timberline dynamics in relation to climatic variability in the northern Daxing'an Mountains [J].Mountain Research, 2009, 27(6): 702-711]
[35] 任青山,杨小林,崔国发,等.西藏色季拉山林线冷杉种群结构与动态[J].生态学报,2007,27(7):2669-2677 [REN Qingshan,YANG Xiaolin,CUI Guofa, et al.Smith fir population structure and dynamics in the timberline ectone of the Sejila Mountain, Tibet, China [J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2007, 27(7): 2669-2677]
[36] Lloyd J, Bloomfield K, Domingues T F, et al.Photosynthetically relevant foliar traits correlating better on a mass vs an area basis: of ecophysiological relevance or just a case of mathematical imperatives and statistical quicksand? [J].New Phytologist, 2013, 199(2): 311-321.
[37] Westoby M, Reich P B, Wright I J.Understanding ecological variation across species: area-based vs.mass-based expression of leaf traits [J].New Phytologist, 2013, 199(2): 322-323.
[38] 李东胜,史作民,冯秋红,等.中国东部南北样带暖温带区栎属树种叶片形态性状气条件的响应 [J].植物生态学报,2013, 37(9): 793-802 [LI Dongsheng,SHI Zuoming,FENG Qiuhong, et al.Response of leaf morphometric traits of Quercus species to climate in the temperate zone of the North-South Transect of Eastern China [J].Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2013, 37(9): 793-802]
[39] 于鸿莹,陈莹婷,许振柱,等.内蒙古荒漠草原植物叶片功能性状关系及其经济谱分析 [J].植物生态学报,2014, 38(10):1029-1040 [YU Hongying,CHEN Yingting,XU Zhengzhu, et al.Analysis of relationships among leaf functional traits and economics spectrum of plant species in the desert steppe of Nei Mongol [J].Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2014, 38(10): 1029-1040]
[40] 高景,徐波,王金牛,等.南方灌草丛典型灌木不同叶片性状的相关性及其对不同光环境的响应 [J].生态学杂志,2015,34(9):2424-2431 [GAO Jing,XU Bo,WANG Jinniu, et al.Correlations among leaf traits of typical shrubs and their responses to different light environments in shrub-grassland of southern China [J].Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2015, 34(9): 2424-2431]
[41] 刘红梅,李洁,于丽,等.养分添加对贝加尔针茅草原6种植物叶片性状的影响 [J].草业学报,2017,26(5):81-91 [LIU Hongmei,LI Ji,YU Li, et al.Effects of nutrient addition on leaf traits of six plant species in a stipa baicalensis grassland in Inner Mongolia,China [J].Acta Prataculturae Sinica, 2017, 26(5): 81-91]
[42] 道日娜,宋彦涛, 乌云娜,等.克氏针茅草原植物叶片性状对放牧强度的响应 [J].应用生态学报,2016,27(7):2231-2238 [DAO Rina,SONG Yantao,WU Yunna, et al.Response of plant leaf traits to grazing intensity in Stipa krylovii steppe [J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2016, 27(7): 2231-2238]
[43] 冉飞,梁一鸣,杨燕,等.贡嘎山雅家埂峨眉冷杉林线种群的时空动态 [J].生态学报,2014,34(23):6872-6878[RAN Fei, LIANG Yiming, YANG Yan, et al.Spatial-temporal dynamics of an Abies fabri population near the alpine treeline in the Yajiageng area of Gongga Mountain, China [J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2014, 34(23): 6872-6878]
[44] LI M H, XIAO W F, WANG S G, et al.Mobile carbohydrates in Himalayan treeline trees I.Evidence for carbon gain limitation but not for growth limitation [J].Tree Physiology, 2008, 28(8): 1287-1296.
[45] 何吉成,罗天祥,徐雨晴.藏东南色季拉山急尖长苞冷杉(Abies georgei var.smithii林线的生态气候特征 [J].生态学报,2009,29(1):38-46 [HE Jicheng, LUO Tianxiang, XU Yuqing.Characteristics of eco-climate at smith fir timberline in the Sergyemla Mountains, Southeast Tibetan Plateau [J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2009, 29(1): 38-46]
[46] ZHANG L, LIU S R, SUN P S, WANG T L, et al.Using DEM to predict Abies faxoniana and Quercus aquifolioides distributions in the upstream catchment basin of the Min River in southwest China [J].Ecological Indicators, 2016, 69: 91-99.
[47] 刘增力,方精云,朴世龙.中国冷杉、云杉和落叶松属植物的地理分布 [J].地理学报, 2002, 57(5):577-587 [LIU Zengli, FANG Jingyun, PIAO Shilong.Geographical Distribution of Species in Genera Abies, Picea and Larix in China [J].Acta Geographica Sinica, 2002, 57(5): 577-587]
[48] 崔海军,王根绪,杨燕,等.高山草地植物群落数量特征沿海拔梯度变化及其影响因素 [J].生态学杂志,2015,34(11): 3016-3023 [CUI Haijun, WANG Gengxu, YANG Yan, et al.Variation in community characteristics and its influencing factors of alpine grasslands along an elevation gradient [J].Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2005, 34(11): 3016-3023]
[49] PEREZ-HARGUINDEGUY, DIAZ S, GARNIER E, et al.New handbook for standardised measurement of plant functional traits worldwide [J].Australian Journal of Botany, 2013, 61(3): 167-234.
[50] 彭阿辉,王根绪,罗辑,等.贡嘎山常绿落叶阔叶混交林主要树种叶功能性状 [J].生态学杂志,2016,35(10): 1-7 [PENG Ahui,WANG Gengxu,LUO Ji, et al.Leaf functional traits of main plants in a mixed evergreen and deciduous broad-leaved forest in Mt.Gongga [J].Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2016, 35(10): 1-7]
[51] 鲍士旦.土壤农化分析 [M].北京: 中国农业出版社,2000:33-68 [BAO S D.Soil Agro-Chemistry Analysis [M].Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2000: 33-68]
[52] GUSEWELL S.N: P ratio in terrestrial plants: variation and functional significance [J].New Phyotologist, 2004, 164(2): 243-266.
[53] PATTERSON T B, GUY R D, DANG Q L.Whole-plant nitrogen and water-relations traits, and their associated trade-offs, in adjacent muskeg and upland boreal spruce species [J].Oecologia, 1997, 110(2): 160-168.
[54] 展小云,于贵瑞,盛文萍,等.中国东部南北样带森林优势植物叶片的水分利用效率和氮素利用效率 [J].应用生态学报,2012,23(3):587-594 [ZHANG Xiaoyun, YU Guirui, SHNEG Wenping, et al.Foliar water use efficiency and nitrogen use efficiency of dominant plant species in main forests along the North-South Transect of East China [J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2012, 23(3): 587-594]
[55] YANG Y, GUO J Y, WANG G X, et al.Effects of drought and nitrogen addition on photosynthetic characteristics and resource allocation of Abies fabri seedlings in eastern Tibetan Plateau [J].New Forests.2012, 43(4): 505-518.
[56] SVEINBJORNSSON B, DAVIS J, ABADIE W, et al.Soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization at different elevations in the Chugach mountains of south-central Alaska USA [J].Arctic and Alpine Research, 1995, 27(1): 29-37.
[57] 羊留冬,杨燕,王根绪,等.短期增温对贡嘎山峨眉冷杉幼苗生长及其CNP化学计量特征的影响[J].生态学报,2011,31(13):3668-3676 [YANG Liudong, YANG Yan, WANG Gengxu, et al.Short-term effects of warming on growth and stoichiometrical characteristics of Abies fabiri(Mast.)Craib seedling in Gongga mountain [J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2011, 31(13): 3668-3676]
[58] KORNER C, PAULSEN J.A world-wide study of high altitude treeline temperatures [J].Journal of Biogeography, 2004, 31(5): 713-732.
[59] TRANQUILLINI W.Physiological Ecology of the Alpine Timberline.New York: Springer-Verlag,1979: 91-111.
[60] SVEINBJORNSSON B,KAUHANEN H, NORDELL O.Treeline ecology of Mountain Birch in the Torneträsk Area [J].Ecological Bulletins, 1996, 45: 65-70.

相似文献/References:

[1]贾 敏,等.贡嘎山峨嵋冷杉上下限径向生长与气候因子的关系[J].山地学报,2017,(06):816.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000282]
 JIA Min,ZHU Wanze*,et al.Radial Growth Features of Abies Fabri Craib Distributed in the Upper and the Lower Elevational Limits in Gongga Mountain and Its Relationship with Climatic Factors[J].Mountain Research,2017,(05):816.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000282]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2017-06-22; 改回日期(Accepted date): 2017-09-08
基金项目(Foundation item):中国科学院前沿科学重点研究计划(QYZDJ-SSW-DQC006); 国家自然科学青年基金项目(31100323,31300416); 国家重点研发计划课题(2017YFC0504900)[Chinese Academy of Sciences Foreword Science Key Research Program(QYZDJ-SSW-DQC006); National Natural Science Youth Fund Project(31100323,31300416); National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFC0504900)]
作者简介(Biography):赵小祥(1994-), 男, 硕士研究生, 湖南常德人, 从事高山植物对气候变化响应的研究[Zhao Xiaoxiang(1994-), male, M.Sc.candidate, born in ChangDe, Hunan Province, research on alpine plants response to climate change]E-mail: zhaoxiaoxiang94@163.com, Tel: 13219066769
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):杨燕, 女, 博士, 副研究员, 从事高山生态系统对气候变化的响应研究[Yang Yan, female, Ph.D., associate professor, research on alpine ecosystem response to climate change] E-mail:yyang@imde.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-09-30