LI Shuxin,LU Yuanbin,DUAN Baoli,et al.A Meta-analysis of the Response of Populus to Warming, Increased CO2 and Drought[J].Mountain Research,2017,(05):636-644.[doi:10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000262]





A Meta-analysis of the Response of Populus to Warming, Increased CO2 and Drought
LI Shuxin12 LU Yuanbin12 DUAN Baoli1 ZHANG Yuanbin1
1.Key Laboratory of Mountain Surface Processes and Ecological Regulation, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China;
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
杨树 增温 CO2 干旱 Meta分析
近几十年来,气候变暖、大气CO2浓度升高和干旱对陆地生态系统的影响引起了广泛关注。杨树是世界各国普遍种植的木本植物,研究其对环境变化的响应具有重要的理论和实践意义。本文采用Meta分析(Meta analysis)方法定量总结了增温、大气CO2浓度升高、干旱对杨树生理生态特性的影响。通过Web of Science、中国知网等中英文数据库检索,共收集了34篇原始文献,获得690个独立样本。结果表明:(1)增温显著提高了杨树的高增长(+78.32%)、叶面积(+58.23%),促进了地上生物量(+89.59%)和叶生物量的积累(+71.69%),显著降低了杨树的水分利用效率(-22.61%)和碳同位素(-5.51%);(2)CO2浓度升高显著提高了杨树的叶面积(+49.65%)和光合速率(+22.53%),以及根生物量(+72.36%),显著降低了杨树的气孔导度(-17.21%);(3)干旱显著提高了杨树的根冠比(+38.95%)和水分利用效率(+34.52%),显著降低了杨树的叶面积(-148.53%),以及总生物量(-70.81%)。从本文收集的文献来看,单独研究大气CO2浓度升高、增温或干旱对杨树生理生态特性影响的文献较多,关注两两交互或三者协同作用对杨树生理生态特性影响的文献很少,这些环境因子的交互作用对杨树生理生态特性的影响研究应加强。


[1] WMO.Greenhouse Gas Bulletin.http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/gaw/ghg/GHGbulletin.html.2015
[2] 杨兵, 王进闯, 张远彬.长期模拟增温对岷江冷杉幼苗生长与生物量分配的影响[J].生态学报,2010, 30(21):5994-6000[YANG Bin, WANG Jinchuang, ZHANG Yuanbin.Effect of long-term warming on growth and biomass allocation of Abies faxoniana Seedlings [J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2010, 30(21): 5994-6000]
[3] IPCC.Climate change 2013: The physical science basis: Working group I contribution to the fifth assessment report of the IPCC[R].UK: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
[4] WAllACE JS.Increasing agricultural water use efficiency to meet future food production [J].Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment.2000, 82(1-3):105-19.
[5] 尚宗波, 高琼.中国水分状况对全球气候变化的敏感性分析 [J].生态学报, 2001,21(04):528-537[SHANG Zongbo,GAO Qiong.Assessing the sensitivity of China water condition to global climate changes [J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2001, 21(4): 528-537]
[6] PETIPIERRE B, MCDOUGALL K,SEIPEL T, et al.Will climate change increase the risk of plant invasions into mountains? [J].Ecological Applications, 2016, 26(2): 530-544.
[7] BECKLIN K M, ANDERSON J T, GERHART L M, et al.Examining plant physiological responses to climate change through an evolutionary lens [J].Plant physiology, 2016, 172(2): 635-649.
[8] 张津林,张志强,查同刚.沙地杨树人工林生理生态特性[J].生态学报,2006, 26(5): 1523-1532 [ZHANG Jinlin, ZHANG Zhiqiang, ZHA Tonggang.Physiological regulations of photosynthesis in a poplar plantation on a sandy soil [J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2006, 26(5): 1523-1532]
[9] 尹春英, 李春阳.杨树抗旱性研究进展[J].应用与环境生物学报,2003, 9(6): 662-669-8 [YIN Chunying, LI Chunyang.Advance in research on drought resistance of POPULUS[J].Chinese Journal of Applied and Environmental Biology,2003, 9(6): 662-669-8]
[10] CANNELL M, MILNE R.Carbon pools and sequestration in forest ecosystems in Britain [J].Forestry, 1995, 68: 361-378.
[11] SANNIGRAHI P, RAGAUSKAS A J, TUSKAN G A.Poplar as a feedstock for biofuels: a review of compositional characteristics [J].Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 2010, 4: 209-226.
[12] XIAO J, SUN G, CHEN J,et al.Carbon fluxes, evapotranspiration, and water use efficiency of terrestrial ecosystems in China [J].Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.2013, 182: 76-90.
[13] XU X, YANG F, XIAO X W, et al.Sex-specific responses of Populus cathayana to drought and elevated temperatures [J].Plant Cell and Environment, 2008, 31(6): 850-60.
[14] DARBAH J N,SHARKET T D, CALFAPIETRA C, et al.Differential response of aspen and birch trees to heat stress under elevated carbon dioxide [J].Environmental Pollution, 2010, 158(4): 1008-1014.
[15] VOLIN J C, KRUGER E L, LINDROTH R L.Responses of deciduous broadleaf trees to defoliation in a CO2 enriched atmosphere [J].Tree Physioloy, 2002, 22(7): 435-48.
[16] 井大炜,邢尚军,杜振宇,等.干旱胁迫对杨树幼苗生长、光合特性及活性氧代谢的影响[J].应用生态学报,2013,24(07):1809-1816 [JING Ddwei, XING Shangjun, DU Zhengyu, et al.Effects of drought stress on the growth, photosynthetic characteristics, and active oxygen metabolism of poplar seedlings [J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2013, 24(7):1809-1816]
[17] Zhao HX, Li YP, Zhang XL, et al.Sex-related and stage-dependent source-to-sink transition in Populus cathayana grown at elevated CO2 and elevated temperature [J].Tree Physioloy, 2012, 32(11): 1325-38.
[18] 刘文国, 张旭东, 黄玲玲, 等.我国杨树生理生态研究进展[J].世界林业研究, 2010, 23(1):50-55 [LIUWenguo, Zhang Xudong, Huang Lingling, et al.Research progress on physiologic and ecologic characteristics of Popular [J].World Forestry Research.2010, 23(1):50-55]
[19] ELLENBERG S S.Meta-analysis the quantitative approach to research review [J].Seminars Oncol, 1988, 15(5):427-481.
[20] 彭少麟, 唐小焱.Meta分析及其在生态学上的应用[J].生态学杂志, 1998, 17(5): 74-79 [ PENG Shaolin, TANG Xiaoyan.Meta-analysis and its application in ecology [J].Chinese Journal of Ecology, 1998, 17(5): 74-79]
[21] 郭明, 李新.Meta分析及其在生态环境领域研究中的应用[J].中国沙漠, 2009, 29(5): 911-919[GUO Ming, LI Xin.Meta-analysis: A new quantitative research approach in eco-environmental sciences [J].Journal of Desert Research.2009, 29(5):911-919]
[22] CHALLINER A J, WATSON J, LOBELL D B, et al.A meta-analysis of crop yield under climate change and adaptation [J].Nature Climate Change, 2014, 4(4): 287-291.
[23] WILCOX J, MAKOWSKII D.A meta-analysis of the predicted effects of climate change on wheat yields using simulation studies [J].Field Crops Research, 2014, 156: 180-190.
[24] 秦明森, 关佳威, 刘永俊,等.丛枝菌根真菌对车轴草属植物生长影响的Meta分析 [J].草业科学, 2015, 32(10): 1576-1585 [QIN Mingsen, GUAN Jiangwei, LIU Yongjun,et al.A Meta-analysis of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi effects on Trifolium plants growth [J].Pratacultural Science, 2015, 32(10): 1576-1585]
[25] HEDGES L V, GUREVITCH J, CURTIS P S.The meta-analysis of response ratios in experimental ecology [J].Ecology.1999, 80(4): 1150-1156.
[26] ROSENBERG M S, ADAMS D C, GUREVITCH J.MetaWin: Statistical Software for Meta-analysis.Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA, 2000.
[27] 曾小平, 赵平, 孙谷畴.气候变暖对陆生植物的影响[J].应用生态学报, 2006, 17(12): 2445-2450[ZENG Xiaoping, ZHAO Ping, SUN Guchou.Effects of Climate warming on terraneous plants.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2006, 17(12): 2445-2450]
[28] BARBER VA, JUDAY G P, FINNEY B P.Reduced growth of Alaskan white spruce in the twentieth century from temperature-induced drought stress [J].Nature, 2000, 405(6787): 668-673.
[29] WILMKING M, JUDAY G P, BARBER V A,et al.Recent climate warming forces contrasting growth responses of white spruce at treeline in Alaska through temperature thresholds [J].Global Change Biology, 2004, 10(10): 1724-1736.
[30] lONG SP.Modification of the response of photosynthetic productivity to rising temperature by atmospheric CO2 concentrations: Has its importance been underestimated? [J].Plant Cell and Environment, 1991, 14(8): 729-39.
[31] LAMBERS H, CHAPIN III F S, PONS T L.Photosynthesis.Plant physiological ecology [M].Springer New York, 2008: 11-99.
[32] HOZAIN M I, SALVUCCI M E, Fokar M, et al.The differential response of photosynthesis to high temperature for a boreal and temperate Populus species relates to differences in Rubisco activation and Rubisco activase properties [J].Tree Physioloy, 2010, 30(1): 32-44.
[33] LUOMALA E M, LAITINEN K, KELLOMäKI S, et al.Variable photosynthetic acclimation in consecutive cohorts of Scot pine needles during 3 years of growth at elevated CO2 and elevated temperature.2003, Plant Cell Environ.26: 645-660.
[34] TINGEY D T, PHILLIPS D L, JOHNSON M G.Optimizing minirhzotron sample frequency for an evergreen and deciduous species.New Phytol.1996, 157: 155-161.
[35] FARQUHAR G D, HUBICK K T.Carbon Isotope Discrimination and Photosynthesis [J].Annual Review of Plant Physiology & Plant Molecular Biology, 2003, 40(40):503-537.
[36] KELLOMAKI S, WANG K Y.Modelling and measuring transpiration from Scots pine with increased temperature and carbon dioxide enrichment [J].Annals of Botany, 2000, 85(2): 263-78.
[37] REICH P B, HOBBIE S E.Decade-long soil nitrogen constraint on the CO2 fertilization of plant biomass [J].Nature Climate Change, 2013, 3(3): 278-282.
[38] DRAKE B G, GONZALEZ M A, LONG S P.More efficient plants: A consequence of rising atmospheric CO2? [J].Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Molec Biol, 1997, 48: 609-39.
[39] AINSWORTH E A, LONG S P.What have we learned from 15 years of free-air CO2 enrichment(FACE)? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy properties and plant production to rising CO2[J].New Phytologist, 2005, 165(2): 351-372.
[40] KÖRNER C.Plant CO2 responses: an issue of definition, time and resource supply [J].New phytologist, 2006, 172(3): 393-411.
[41] YIN C, DUAN B, WANG X, et al.Morphological and physiological responses of two contrasting poplar species to drought stress and exogenous abscisic acid application [J].Plant Science, 2004, 167(5): 1091-1097.
[42] DAVIES W J, GOWING D J.Plant responses to small peturbations in soil water status.En: Press MC, Scholes JD and MG Barker(eds)Physiological plant ecology: 67-90.Blackwell Science, Oxford, United Kingdom, 1999.
[43] SCHULTZ H R.Differences in hydraulic architecture account for near-isohydric and anisohydric behaviour of two field-grown Vitis vinifera L.cultivars during drought [J].Plant Cell and Environment, 2003, 26(8): 1393-1405.
[44] KAGE H, ALT C, STIITZEL H.Aspects of nitrogen use efficiency of cauliflower I.A simulation modelling based analysis of nitrogen availability under field conditions [J].The Journal of Agricultural Science, 2003, 141(01):1-16.
[45] KLEPPER B, RICKMAN R W.Modeling crop root growth and function [J].Advances in Agronomy, 1990, 44: 113-132.
[46] LARCHER W.Physiological plant ecology.Ecophysiology and stress physiology of functional groups.Physiological plant ecology: ecophysiology and stress physiology of functional groups [J].Springer-Verlag, 1995: 1313-30.
[47] KOZLOWSKI T T, PALLARDY S G.Acclimation and adaptive responses of woody plants to environmental stresses [J].The botanical review, 2002, 68(2): 270-334.
[48] WANG K, KELLOMäKI S, LAITINEN K.Effects of needle age, long-term temperature and CO2 treatments on the photosynthesis of Scots pine[J].Tree Physiology, 1995, 15(4): 211-218.
[49] DUAN H, DUURSMA R A, HUANG G, et al.Elevated CO2 does not ameliorate the negative effects of elevated temperature on drought-induced mortality in Eucalyptus radiata seedlings [J].Plant Cell and Environment, 2014, 37(7): 1598 -1613.
[50] DUAN H, OGRADY A P, DUURSMA R A, et al.Drought responses of two gymnosperm species with contrasting stomatal regulation strategies under elevated CO2 and temperature.Tree physiology, 2015, 35(7): 756-770.
[51] ATWELL B J,HENERY M L,ROGERS G S,et al.Canopy development and hydraulic function in Eucalyptus tereticornis grown in drought in CO2-enriched atmospheres.Functional Plant Biology,2007,34(12): 1137-1149.
[52] TISSUE D T,GRIFFIN K L,THOMAS R B,et al.Effects of low and elevated CO2 on C3 and C4 annuals.Oecologia,1995,101(1): 21-28.
[53] WARD J K,TISSUE D T,THOMAS R B,et al.Comparative responses of model C3 and C4 plants to drought in low and elevated CO2.Global Change Biology, 1999, 5(8): 857-867.


收稿日期(Received date):2017-06-22; 改回日期(Accepted date):2017-09-25
基金项目(Foundation item):国家自然科学基金面上项目(31270650); 国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金(31322014); 国家自然科学基金面上项目(3137070605)[Notional Natural Science Foundation of China General Program(31270650); Excellent Young Scientist Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(31322014); Notional Natural Science Foundation of China General Program(3137070605)]
作者简介(Biography):李树鑫(1990-),女,江苏人,硕士研究生,主要从事植物学的研究[Li Shuxin(1990-),female, born in Jiangsu province, M.Sc.candidate, mainly engaged in plant science] E-mail:lishuxin@imde.ac.cn
*通讯作者(Corresponding author):张远彬(1973-),男,副研究员,主要从事植物学的研究[Zhang yuanbin(1973-), male,Ph.D.,associate professor, specialized in plant science] E-mail:zhangyb@imde.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-09-30