[1]赵海卫,郭 柯,杨 瑶,等.青藏高原垫状点地梅个体年龄判定方法及其生长规律[J].山地学报,2015,(04):473.
 ZHAO Haiwei,GUO Ke,YANG Yao,et al.Age Determination and Growing Patterns of the Cushion Plant Androsace tapete in the Tibetan Plateau[J].Mountain Research,2015,(04):473.
点击复制

青藏高原垫状点地梅个体年龄判定方法及其生长规律()
分享到:

《山地学报》[ISSN:1008-2186/CN:51-1516]

卷:
期数:
2015年04期
页码:
473
栏目:
青藏高原
出版日期:
2015-08-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Age Determination and Growing Patterns of the Cushion Plant Androsace tapete in the Tibetan Plateau
作者:
赵海卫郭 柯杨 瑶乔鲜果
1. 中国科学院植物研究所植被与环境变化国家重点实验室, 北京 100093; 2. 中国科学院大学生命科学学院, 北京 100049
Author(s):
ZHAO Haiwei GUO Ke YANG Yao QIAO Xianguo
1. State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China; 2. College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
垫状点地梅垫状植物生长规律植株年龄植株构型青藏高原
分类号:
S156
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
垫状点地梅是青藏高原最具代表性的垫状植物之一,其个体年龄的判定,对于揭示高寒生境下垫状植物的生长特征和规律具有重要意义,同时也是研究青藏高原植物种群结构及动态的基础和关键。在研究和分析垫状点地梅植株构型特征的基础上,结合其物候特性和采样时间,探索性地找到了一种判定该物种个体实际年龄的方法,并基于垫状点地梅植株的年龄研究了其生长规律。研究结果显示:垫状点地梅的各分枝每年均生长一个节间,呈辐射生长的各分枝簇在同一年生长的节间构成了垫状点地梅植株的“年轮”,垫状体任一分枝簇的单向节间数即为该植株的年龄;幂函数模型可以较好地表达植株径向生长与年龄之间的相关关系,年龄对垫状点地梅长轴长度、短轴长度和表面积变化的解释率分别为88.5%、87.5%和88.2%;垫状点地梅植株高度的年增量较小,平均年生长率仅为0.202 cm/a;其生物量积累随年龄的变化可用幂函数模型表达,年龄对地上生物量和总生物量变化的解释率分别为82.2%和83.9%。

参考文献/References:

[1] Ju Tianzhen, Mi Caiyan, Shi Hexiong, et al. The regeneration and survival of Pinus tabulaeformis Carr. Population in Xiaolongshan nature reserve[J]. Mountain Research, 2012, 30(1): 36-40[巨天珍, 米彩燕, 师贺雄, 等. 小陇山国家级自然保护区油松种群更新及生存[J]. 山地学报, 2012, 30(1): 36-40]
[2] Bierzychudek P. Life history and demography of shadetolerant temperate forest herbs: a review[J]. New Phytologist, 1982, 90: 757-776
[3] Whigham D F. Ecology of Woodland Herbs in Temperate Deciduous Forests[J]. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 2004, 35: 583-621
[4] Xing Fu, Guo Jixun, Wei Chunyan. Judging method of individual age and age structure of Stellera chamaejasme population in degraded steppe[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2004, 15(11): 2104-2108[刑福, 郭继勋, 魏春雁. 退化草原狼毒个体年龄判定方法及其种群年龄结构的研究[J]. 应用生态学报, 2004, 15(11): 2104-2108]
[5] Ralph C P.Observations on Azorella compacta(Umbelliferae), a tropical Andean cushion plant[J].Biotropica,1978,10(1):62-67
[6] Molau U. Agerelated growth and reproduction in Diapensia lapponica, an arcticalpine plant[J]. Nordic Journal of Botany, 1997, 17(3): 225-234
[7] Kleier C, Rundel P W. Microsite requirements, population structure and growth of the cushion plant Azorella compacta in the tropical Chilean Andes[J]. Austral Ecology, 2004, 29: 461-470
[8] le Roux P C, McGeoch M A. The use of size as an estimator of age in the subantarctic cushion plant, Azorella selago(Apiaceae)[J]. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 2004, 36(4): 509-417
[9] Benedict J B. Use of Silene acaulis for dating: the relationship of cushion diameter to age[J]. Arctic and Alpine Research, 1989, 21(1): 91-96
[10] Fajardo A, Quiroz C L, Cavieres L A. Distinguishing colonization modes from spatial structures in populations of the cushion plant Azorella madreporica in the high-Andes of central Chile[J]. Austral Ecology, 2008, 33: 703-712
[11] Frenot Y, Gloaguen J C, Picot G, et al. Azorella selago Hook. used to estimate glacier fluctuations and climatic history in the Kerguelen Island over the last two centuries[J]. Oecologia, 1993, 95: 140-144
[12] Dong Ming. A preliminary study of the agestructure of masson pine population at Jinyun mountain[J]. Acta Phytoecologica Et Geobotanica Sinica, 1987, 11(1): 50-58[董鸣. 缙云山马尾松种群年龄结构初步研究[J]. 植物生态学与地植物学学报, 1987, 11(1): 50-58]
[13] Ren Qingshan, Yang Xiaolin, Cui Guofa, et al. Smith fir population structure and dynamics in the timberline ectone of the Sejila Mountain, Tibet, China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2007, 27(7): 2669-2677[任青山, 杨小林, 崔国发, 等. 西藏色季拉山林线冷杉种群结构与动态[J]. 生态学报, 2007, 27(7): 2669-2677]
[14] Yang Yunfei, Liu Gengchang, Zhang Baotian. An analysis of age structure and the strategy for asexual propagation of Aneurolepidium chinense population[J]. Acta Botanica Sinica, 1995, 37(2): 147-153[杨允菲, 刘庚长, 张宝田. 羊草种群年龄结构及无性繁殖对策的分析[J]. 植物学报, 1995, 37(2): 147-153]
[15] Yang Yunfei, Zheng Huiying, Li Jiandong. The effect of grazing on age structure in clonal populations of Agropyron michnoi[J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2001, 25(1): 71-75[杨允菲, 郑慧莹, 李建东. 放牧干扰对根茎冰草无性系种群年龄结构的影响[J]. 植物生态学报, 2001, 25(1): 71-75]
[16] Zhang Wei, Jia Naer·ahan, Zhao Yu, et al. Population age structure of Calamagrostis macrolepis under two habitats in Yili of Xinjiang[J]. Acta Agrestia Sinica, 2011, 19(6): 898-903[张维, 贾娜尔·阿汗, 赵玉, 杨允菲, 李建东. 新疆伊犁2种生境大拂子茅种群年龄结构研究[J]. 草地学报, 2011, 19(6): 898-903]
[17] Sun Xiaoyu, Lu Zhaohua, Yu Xingjun, et al. Age structure dynamics of Eupatorium adenophorum populations and its implications for control[J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2005, 29(3): 373-379[孙晓玉, 陆兆华, 于兴军, 等. 紫茎泽兰种群年龄结构动态及对控制的指示意义[J]. 植物生态学报, 2005, 29(3): 373-379]
[18] Li Bosheng, Zhang Jingwei, Wang Jinting, et al. The alpine cushion vegetation of Xizang[J]. Acta Botanica Sinica, 1985, 27(3): 311-317[李渤生, 张经炜, 王金亭, 等. 西藏的高山座垫植被[J]. 植物学报, 1985, 27(3): 311-317]
[19] Li Bosheng, Wang Jinting, Li Shiying. The floristic features and geographic distribution of the cushion plant in Xizang[J]. Mountain Research, 1987, 5(1): 14-20[李渤生, 王金亭, 李世英. 西藏座垫植物的区系特点及地理分布[J]. 山地研究(现山地学报), 1987, 5(1): 14-20]
[20] Huang Rongfu, Wang Weiyi. The flora and community succession of cushion plant in Qinghai-Xizang plateau[J]. Acta Biologica Plateau Sinica, 1991, 10: 15-26[黄荣福, 王为义. 青藏高原垫状植物区系及垫状植物群落演替[J]. 高原生物学集刊, 1991, 10: 15-26]
[21] Qin Zhiye, Xie Wenzhong. Observations on the morphology and ecology of the cushion plants in Togme region of northern Xizang[J]. Acta Botanica Sinica, 1980, 22(2): 177-181[秦志业, 谢文忠. 藏北土门地区垫状植物的形态与生态观察[J]. 植物学报, 1980, 22(2): 177-181]
[22] Wang Weiyi, Huang Rongfu. Studies on morphoecological adaptabilities to the alpine ecological environments in cushion plants on Qinghai-Xizang Plateau[J]. Acta Biologica Plateau Sinica, 1990, 9:13-26[王为义, 黄荣福. 垫状植物对青藏高原高山环境的形态-生态学适应的研究[J]. 高原生物学集刊, 1990, 9:13-26]
[23] Huang Rongfu. The cushion plant in the Hohxil area of Qinghai[J]. Acta Botanica Sinica, 1994, 36(2): 130-137[黄荣福. 青海可可西里地区垫状植物[J]. 植物学报, 1994, 36(2): 130-137]
[24] He Yongtao, Shi Peili, Zhang Xianzhou, et al. Elevational distribution of cushion plant Androsace tapete in the southern slope of Nyainqentanglha Mountains, Tibetan Plateau[J]. Mountain Research, 2013, 31(6): 641-646[何永涛, 石培礼, 张宪洲, 等. 当雄念青唐古拉山脉南坡不同海拔垫状点地梅分布特征[J]. 山地学报, 2013, 31(6): 641-646]
[25] Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Comprehensive Scientific Investigation Team of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Climate in Tibet[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1984: 166-167[中国科学院青藏高原综合科学考察队. 西藏气候[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 1984: 166-167]
[26] Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Comprehensive Scientific Investigation Team of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Vegetation in Tibet[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1988: 324-325[中国科学院青藏高原综合科学考察队. 西藏植被[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 1988: 324-325]
[27] Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Comprehensive Scientific Investigation Team of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Soil in Tibet[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1985: 94-97, 278-279[中国科学院青藏高原综合科学考察队. 西藏土壤[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 1985: 94-97, 278-279]
[28] Bliss L C. A comparison of plant development in microenvironments of arctic and alpine tundras[J]. Ecological Monographs, 1956, 26(4): 303-337
[29] Bliss L C. Plant productivity in alpine microenvironments on Mt. Washington, New Hampshire[J]. Ecological Monographs, 1966, 36(2): 125-155
[30] Yoshie F. Vegetative phenology of alpine plants at Tateyama Murododaira in central Japan[J]. Journal of Plant Research, 2010, 123: 657-688
[31] Lü Xinmiao, Kang Shichang, Zhu Liping, et al. Phenology characters of dominant plants in the Nam Co basin and its response to climate, Tibet[J]. Mountain Research, 2009, 27(6): 648-654[吕新苗, 康世昌, 朱立平, 等. 西藏纳木错植物物候及其对气候的响应[J]. 山地学报, 2009, 27(6): 648-654]
[32] McCarthy D P. Dating with cushion plants: establishment of a Silene acaulis growth curve in the Canadian Rockies[J]. Arctic and Alpine Research, 1992, 24(1): 50-55

相似文献/References:

[1]何永涛,石培礼,张宪洲,等.当雄念青唐古拉山脉南坡不同海拔垫状点地梅分布特征[J].山地学报,2013,(06):641.
 HE Yongtao,SHI Peili,ZHANG Xianzhou,et al.Elevational Distribution of Cushion Plant Androsace tapete in the Southern Slope of Nyainqentanglha Mountains, Tibetan Plateau[J].Mountain Research,2013,(04):641.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期(Received date):2014-06-29;改回日期(Accepted) : 2014-10-11。
基金项目(Foundation item):科技部科研项目(2012FY111400)和环保部科研项目(201209028)共同资助。\[The work was supported by 2 research projects provided by the Ministry of Science and Technology(2012FY111400) and the Ministry of Environmental Protection(201209028).\]
作者简介(Biography):赵海卫(1988-),男,山东滨州人,硕士研究生,从事青藏高原植被生态学研究。\[Zhao Haiwei(1988-), male, born in Binzhou, Shandong Provice, master, majoring in the study of vegetation ecology in the Tibetan Plateau.\] E-mail: zhw5109@ibcas.ac.cn *
通信作者(Corresponding author):郭柯(1961-),男,博士,研究员,主要从事植被生态学研究。\[Guo Ke(1961-), male, Dr, research professor, mainly engaged in the study of vegetation ecology.\] E-mail: guoke@ibcas.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01